Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Endpoint:
eye irritation: in vitro / ex vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
04 September 2017 to 25 September 2017
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2018
Report Date:
2018

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 438 (Isolated Chicken Eye Test Method for Identifying i) Chemicals Inducing Serious Eye Damage and ii) Chemicals Not Requiring Classification for Eye Irritation or Serious Eye Damage)
Version / remarks:
Isolated Chicken Eye Test Method for Identifying i) Chemicals Inducing Serious Eye Damage and ii) Chemicals Not Requiring Classification for Eye Irritation or Serious Eye Damage: OECD Guidelines for the Testing of Chemicals No. 438 (26 July 2013).
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU method B.48 (Isolated chicken eye test method for identifying occular corrosives and severe irritants)
Version / remarks:
Commission Regulation (EU) 2017/735 of 14 February 2017 amending, for the purpose of its adaptation to technical progress, the Annex to Regulation (EC) No 440/2008 laying down test methods pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
solid: particulate/powder
Details on test material:
Name: BAL0001024
CAS number: 376653-37-1
Batch/Lot number: 013
Appearance: Brown powder
Purity: 63.1% (content by qNMR)
Expiry date: 31 May 2020
Storage conditions: Under inert gas, protected from light and humidity (tight closed container), frozen (≤-15 °C)
Safety precautions: Enhanced safety precautions were applied considering the supplied safety datasheet to assure personnel health and safety.
Specific details on test material used for the study:
No further details specified in the study report.

Test animals / tissue source

Species:
chicken
Strain:
other: ROSS 308
Details on test animals or tissues and environmental conditions:
Strain of chicken: ROSS 308
Source: TARAVIS KFT. (Address: 9600 Sárvár, Rábasömjéni út. 129., Hungary)
Chicken heads were collected after slaughter in a commercial abattoir from chickens (approximately 7 weeks old) used for human consumption. Heads were collected by a slaughter house technician and were transported to Citoxlab Hungary Ltd. at ambient temperature.
After collection, the heads were inspected for quality and wrapped with tissue paper moistened with saline, then placed in a plastic box which was closed (4-5 heads per box). The heads were received at Citoxlab Hungary Ltd. and processed within 2 hours of collection.

Test system

Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
yes, concurrent positive control
yes, concurrent negative control
Amount / concentration applied:
30 mg of the test item was applied
30 µL of physiological saline (negative control)
30 mg powdered Imidazole (positive control)
Duration of treatment / exposure:
exposure period of 10 seconds
Duration of post- treatment incubation (in vitro):
240 minutes (approximately ± 5 minutes)
Number of animals or in vitro replicates:
3 replicates per experiment and test group
Details on study design:
Eyes selection
After removing the head from the plastic box, it was put on ‘soft’ paper. The eyelids were carefully cut away with scissors, avoiding damaging the cornea. One small drop of 2% (w/v) fluorescein solution was applied onto the corneal surface for a few seconds and subsequently rinsed off with 20 mL physiological saline. Then the fluorescein-treated cornea was examined with a hand-held slit lamp or slit lamp microscope, with the eye in the head, to ensure that the cornea was not damaged. If the cornea was in good condition, the eyeball was carefully removed from the orbit.

Preparation of eyes
The eye ball was carefully removed from the orbit by holding the nictitating membrane with a surgical forceps, while cutting the eye muscles with bent scissors. Care was taken to remove the eyeball from the orbit without cutting off the optical nerve too short. The procedure avoided pressure on the eye while removing the eyeball from the orbit, in order to prevent distortion of the cornea and subsequent corneal opacity. Once removed from the orbit, the eye was placed onto damp paper and the nictitating membrane was cut away with other connective tissue. The prepared eyes were kept on the wet papers in a closed box so that the appropriate humidity was maintained according to the instructions given in the OECD 438 guideline (plastic boxes humidified with tissues moistened with isotonic saline).

Eyes examination and acclimatization time
Each prepared eye was placed firmly (without excessive restraint pressure) in a steel clamp with the cornea positioned vertically with the eye in the correct relative position (same position as in the chicken head when the chicken was standing). Because of the relatively firm sclera of the chicken eyeball, only slight pressure was needed to fix the eye properly. The clamp with the eyeball was transferred to a closed chamber of the superfusion apparatus. The clamp holding the eye was positioned in such a way that the entire cornea was supplied with physiological saline solution dripping from a stainless steel tube, at a rate of approximately 3-4 drops/minute or 0.1 to 0.15 mL/minutes. The door of the chamber remained closed except for manipulations and examinations, to maintain temperature (32±1.5°C) and humidity.
The appropriate number of eyes was selected and after being placed in the superfusion apparatus. There they were examined again with the slit lamp microscope to ensure that they were in good condition. The focus was adjusted to see clearly the physiological saline which was flowing on the corneal surface. Eyes with a high baseline fluorescein staining (i.e., > 0.5) or corneal opacity score (i.e., > 0.5) were rejected. The cornea thickness was measured, any eye with cornea thickness deviating more than 10 % from the mean value for all eyes, or eyes that showed any other signs of damage, were rejected and replaced. The selected eyes were appropriate for the test, which were acclimatized to the superfusion chamber for approximately 45 to 60 minutes. The chambers of the superfusion apparatus were at controlled temperature (32±1.5°C) during the acclimatization and treatment periods.
Identification
The eyes were identified by chamber number, marked on the door of the chamber.

THE BASELINE ASSESSMENTS
The baseline assessments
At the end of the acclimatization period, a zero reference measurement was recorded for corneal thickness and opacity to serve as a baseline (t=0) for each individual eye. The corneal thickness of the eyes should not change by more than 5% within the -45 min and the zero time. No changes in thickness (0.0%) were observed in the eyes in each experiment. Following the equilibration period, the fluorescein retention was measured. Baseline values were required to evaluate any potential test item related effect after treatment. All eyes were considered suitable for the assay.

TEST PROCEDURE
Treatment
After the zero (t=0) reference measurements, the eye in its retainer was taken out of the chamber and placed on a layer of tissue with the cornea facing upwards. The eye was held in horizontal position, while the test material was applied onto the centre of the cornea. In each experiment, 30 mg of the test item was applied onto the entire surface of the cornea attempting to cover the corneal surface uniformly with the test item, taking care not to damage or touch the cornea.
In each experiment negative control eye was treated with 30 µL of physiological saline; positive control eyes were treated with 30 mg powdered Imidazole.
One eye was treated with physiological saline, three eyes with the test item and another three with the powdered Imidazole positive control in each experiment.

Test item removal
The time of application was noted, then after an exposure period of 10 seconds from the end of the application the corneal surface was rinsed thoroughly with 20 mL physiological saline solution at ambient temperature, taking care not to damage the cornea but attempting to remove all residual test material.
Additional gentle rinsing with 20 mL saline was performed at each time point when test item or positive control material remained on the cornea.

OBSERVATION
Observation and assessment of corneal effects
The control eyes and test eyes were evaluated pre-treatment and at nominal time points of 30, 75, 120, 180 and 240 minutes (approximately ± 5 minutes) after the post-treatment rinse.
Corneal thickness and corneal opacity were measured at all time points. Fluorescein retention was measured on two occasions, at baseline (t=0) and approximately 30 minutes after the post-treatment rinse. A Haag-Streit Bern 900 slit-lamp microscope was used for the measurements.

Results and discussion

In vitro

Resultsopen allclose all
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Run / experiment:
Experiment I
Value:
0.17
Vehicle controls valid:
not applicable
Negative controls valid:
yes
Positive controls valid:
yes
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Run / experiment:
Experiment II
Value:
0.17
Vehicle controls valid:
not applicable
Negative controls valid:
yes
Positive controls valid:
yes
Remarks on result:
other: Test item was stuck on one corneal surface after the post-treatment rinse. The corneal surface (1/3) was cleared at 75 minutes after the post-treatment rinse.
Other effects / acceptance of results:
TEST ITEM
The test item BAL0001024 showed no significant corneal effect in the first experiment (Experiment I) and was therefore considered to be negative. As the test item was solid, the negative results were confirmed by a second experiment (Experiment II) according to the recommendations of the OECD No. 438 guideline. The second experiment confirmed the negative results. Therefore, based on these in vitro eye irritation tests in isolated chicken eyes, the test item (BAL0001024) was non-irritant, UN GHS Classification: No Category.

POSITIVE CONTROL
The positive control (Imidazole) was classified as severely irritating, UN GHS Classification: Category 1

NEGATIVE CONTROL
The negative control Physiological saline was classified as non-irritating, UN GHS Classification: Non-classified

MORPHOLOGICAL EFFECTS
In Experiment II test item was stuck on one corneal surface after the post-treatment rinse, the corneal surface was cleared at the 75 minute timepoint after the post-treatment rinse.
In each experiment, the positive control material was stuck on all corneal surfaces after the post-treatment rinse, the corneal surfaces were not cleared at 240 minutes after the post-treatment rinse.
No other morphological effects were observed in the study.

Any other information on results incl. tables

Table of test item for Classification (Experiment I)

Observation

Value

ICE Class

Mean maximum corneal swelling at up to 75 min

1.1 %

I

Mean maximum corneal swelling at up to 240 min

1.1 %

I

Mean maximum corneal opacity

0.17

I

Mean fluorescein retention

0.17

I

Other Observations

None

Overall ICE Class

3xI

 

Table of test item for Classification (Experiment II)

Observation

Value

ICE Class

Mean maximum corneal swelling at up to 75 min

1.1 %

I

Mean maximum corneal swelling at up to 240 min

1.6 %

I

Mean maximum corneal opacity

0.17

I

Mean fluorescein retention

0.00

I

Other Observations

Test item was stuck on one corneal surface after the post-treatment rinse. The corneal surface (1/3) was cleared at 75 minutes after the post-treatment rinse.

Overall ICE Class

3xI

 

Table of positive control for Classification (Experiment I)

Observation

Value

ICE Class

Mean maximum corneal swelling at up to 75 min

9.8%

II

Mean maximum corneal swelling at up to 240 min

27.7%

III

Mean maximum corneal opacity

4.00

IV

Mean fluorescein retention

3.00

IV

Other Observations

Imidazole was stuck on all corneal surfaces after the post-treatment rinse. The corneal surfaces (3/3) were not cleared at 240 minutes after the
post-treatment rinse
.

Overall ICE Class

1xIII 2xIV

 

Table of positive control for Classification (Experiment II)

Observation

Value

ICE Class

Mean maximum corneal swelling at up to 75 min

10.2%

II

Mean maximum corneal swelling at up to 240 min

24.2%

III

Mean maximum corneal opacity

4.00

IV

Mean fluorescein retention

3.00

IV

Other Observations

Imidazole was stuck on all corneal surfaces after the post-treatment rinse. The corneal surfaces (3/3) were not cleared at 240 minutes after the
post-treatment rinse
.

Overall ICE Class

1xIII 2xIV

 

Table of negative control for Classification (Experiment I)

Observation

Value

ICE Class

Mean maximum corneal swelling at up to 75 min

0.0%

I

Mean maximum corneal swelling at up to 240 min

0.0%

I

Mean maximum corneal opacity

0.00

I

Mean fluorescein retention

0.00

I

Other Observations

None

Overall ICE Class

3xI

 

Table of negative control for Classification (Experiment II)

Observation

Value

ICE Class

Mean maximum corneal swelling at up to 75 min

0.0%

I

Mean maximum corneal swelling at up to 240 min

0.0%

I

Mean maximum corneal opacity

0.00

I

Mean fluorescein retention

0.00

I

Other Observations

None

Overall ICE Class

3xI

 

Validity of the test

The results from all eyes used met the quality control standards. The negative and positive control results were within the historical data range in each of the experiments and therefore this study was considered to be valid.

Historical Control data (updated on 23 January 2018):

Negative Control: Physiological Saline

Observation

Min. Value

Max. Value

Maximum corneal swelling at up to 75 min

-3.2 %

3.4 %

Maximum corneal swelling at up to 240 min

-4.8 %

3.4 %

Maximum corneal opacity change

0.00

0.50

Fluorescein retention

0.00

0.50

Number of studies

358

 

Positive Control: Imidazole

Observation

Min. Value

Max. Value

Maximum corneal swelling at up to 75 min

-6.6 %

25.0 %

Maximum corneal swelling at up to 240 min

-15.9 %

36.7 %

Maximum corneal opacity change

3.50

4.00

Fluorescein retention

2.00

3.00

Number of studies

157

 

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met
Conclusions:
Based on these in vitro eye irritation assays in isolated chicken eyes with BAL0001024, the test item was non-irritant, UN GHS Classification: No Category.
Executive summary:

An in vitro eye irritation study was performed in isolated chicken’s eyes on the test item, BAL0001024. The irritant effects of the test item were evaluated according to the method described in OECD No. 438 guideline (26 July 2013).

 

The study was conducted in 2 stages; the first experiment (Experiment I) provided an initial assessment of the irritation potential of the test item which was confirmed in a second experiment (Experiment II). In each experiment, after the time zero reference measurements, isolated eyes were held in a horizontal position and 30 mg of the test item or positive control item were applied directly onto the centre of the cornea in such a way to cover the entire surface of the cornea. After 10 seconds, the eyes were rinsed with physiological saline (0.9% (w/v) NaCl solution). The positive control eyes were treated with 30 mg powdered Imidazole and the negative control eye was treated with 30 µL of physiological saline. In each experiment, three test item treated eyes, three positive control treated eyes and one negative control treated eye were examined. The eyes were examined for corneal swelling, opacity or damage (based on fluorescein staining).

 

The results from all eyes used in the study met the quality control standards. The negative and positive control results were within the historical control data ranges in each experiment, thus, the study was considered valid.

 

Experiment I: No significant corneal swelling (mean ≤5%) was observed during the four-hour observation period on test item treated eyes. No cornea opacity change (severity 0.5 on one eye and no cornea opacity chnage on two eyes) was observed on test item treated eyes. No significant fluorescein retention change (severity 0.5 on one eye and no fluorescein retention change on two eyes) was noted on test item treated eyes.

 

Experiment II: No significant corneal swelling (mean ≤5%) was observed during the four-hour observation period on test item treated eyes. No significant cornea opacity change (severity 0.5 on two eyes and no cornea opacity change on one eye) was observed on test item treated eyes. No significant fluorescein retention change was noted on test item treated eyes. The test item was stuck on one corneal surface after the post-treatment rinse which was cleared 75 minutes after the post-treatment rinse.

 

 

Based on these in vitro eye irritation assay in isolated chicken eyes with BAL0001024, the test item was non-irritant: UN GHS Classification: No Category.

SUMMARY TABLE FOR UN GHS CLASSIFICATION

EXPERIMENT I AND EXPERIMENT II

 

Criteria for “No category” (all true)

 

3 endpoints classed as I or 2 endpoints classed as I and

1 endpoint classed as II:

True

No severe corneal morphological changes:

True

Test item was not stuck to the cornea at 240 minutes after the post-treatment rinse:

True

 

Criteria for “Category 1” (one or more true)

 

2 or more endpoints classed as IV:

False

Corneal opacity ≥ 3 at 30 min (in at least 2 eyes):

False

Corneal opacity = 4 at any time point (in at least 2 eyes):

False

Severe loosening of epithelium (in at least 1 eye):

False

 

Criteria for “No prediction can be made” (one or two true)

 

Based on the endpoints not classifiable for No Category, or for Category 1:

False

Particles of test item were stuck to the cornea and could not be washed off during the study:

False