Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Workers - Hazard via inhalation route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
10.58 mg/m³
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
25
Dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
DNEL value:
300 mg/kg bw/day
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEC
DNEL value:
264.47 mg/m³
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:

The NOAEL is taken from repeat dose oral toxicity studies in rats. It is assumed that oral absorption of the substance is half that of inhalation absorption.

 

Inhalatory N(L)OAEC = oral N(L)OAEL*(1/0.38 m3/kg/d)*0.67*(ABSoral/ABSinh.)

= 300 * 2.63 * 0.67 * 0.5

= 264.47 mg/m3

 

DNEL = PoD/AF

= 264.47/25

= 10.58 mg/m3

AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
As the dose descriptor is the NOAEL, the default assessment factor is 1.
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
2
Justification:
To account for using PoD taken from a subacute study to calculate a chronic DNEL.
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
1
Justification:
Allometric scaling is usually not applied in the derivation of the inhalation DNEL
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
Justification:
Default factor.
AF for intraspecies differences:
5
Justification:
To account for intraspecies differences in an occupational setting.
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
The database has a good quality, taking into account completeness, consistency and the standard information requirements, therefore the default factor of 1 applies.
AF for remaining uncertainties:
1
Justification:
Not applicable
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
10.58 mg/m³
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
25
DNEL extrapolated from long term DNEL
Dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
DNEL value:
300 mg/kg bw/day
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEC
DNEL value:
264.47 mg/m³

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
hazard unknown but no further hazard information necessary as no exposure expected
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
hazard unknown but no further hazard information necessary as no exposure expected
DNEL related information

Workers - Hazard via dermal route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
3 mg/kg bw/day
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
100
Dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
DNEL value:
300 mg/kg bw/day
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
DNEL value:
300 mg/kg bw/day
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:

The NOAEL is taken from a repeat dose oral toxicity study in rats.

 

Dermal N(L)OAEC=oral (N(L)OAEL*( ABSoral/ABSdermal)

                = 300 x (1/1)

= 300 mg/kg bw/day

 

DNEL = PoD/AF

= 300/100

= 3 mg/kg bw/day

AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
As the dose descriptor is the NOAEL, the default assessment factor is 1.
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
2
Justification:
To account for using PoD taken from a subacute study to calculate a chronic DNEL.
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
4
Justification:
Allometric scaling to account for differences in allometry in using the rat as a test model.
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
Justification:
Default factor.
AF for intraspecies differences:
5
Justification:
To account for intraspecies differences in an occupational setting.
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
The database has a good quality, taking into account completeness, consistency and the standard information requirements, therefore the default factor of 1 applies.
AF for remaining uncertainties:
1
Justification:
Not applicable.
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
3 mg/kg bw/day
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
100
DNEL extrapolated from long term DNEL
Dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
DNEL value:
300 mg/kg bw/day
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
DNEL value:
300 mg/kg bw/day

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Most sensitive endpoint:
skin irritation/corrosion
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Most sensitive endpoint:
skin irritation/corrosion

Workers - Hazard for the eyes

Local effects

Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified

Additional information - workers

General Population - Hazard via inhalation route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
2.61 mg/m³
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
50
Dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
DNEL value:
300 mg/kg bw/day
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEC
DNEL value:
130.35 mg/m³
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:

In the absence of a repeated dose toxicity study conducted via the inhalation route of exposure the use of a PoD using the oral route of exposure has been employed.

The NOAEL is taken from a repeat dose oral toxicity study in rats. It is assumed that oral absorption of the substance is half that of inhalation absorption.

 

Inhalatory N(L)OAEC = oral N(L)OAEL*(1/1.15 m3/kg bw/d)*(ABSoral/ABSinh.)

= 300 * 0.869 * 0.5

= 130.35 mg/m3

 

DNEL = PoD/AF

= 130.35/50

= 2.61 mg/m3

AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
As the dose descriptor is the NOAEL, the default assessment factor is 1.
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
2
Justification:
To account for using PoD taken from a subacute study to calculate a chronic DNEL.
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
1
Justification:
Allometric scaling is usually not applied in the derivation of the inhalation DNEL
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
Justification:
Default factor.
AF for intraspecies differences:
10
Justification:
To account for intraspecies differences.
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
The database has a good quality, taking into account completeness, consistency and the standard information requirements, therefore the default factor of 1 applies.
AF for remaining uncertainties:
1
Justification:
Not applicable
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
2.61 mg/m³
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
50
DNEL extrapolated from long term DNEL
Dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
DNEL value:
300 mg/kg bw/day
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEC
DNEL value:
130.35 mg/m³

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
hazard unknown but no further hazard information necessary as no exposure expected
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
hazard unknown but no further hazard information necessary as no exposure expected
DNEL related information

General Population - Hazard via dermal route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
1.5 mg/kg bw/day
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
200
Dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
DNEL value:
300 mg/kg bw/day
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
DNEL value:
300 mg/kg bw/day
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:

NOAEL is taken from a repeat dose toxicity study via the oral route of exposure.

Dermal N(L)OAEC=oral (N(L)OAEL*( ABSoral/ABSdermal)

= 300 * (1/1)

= 300 mg/kg bw/day

 

DNEL = PoD/AF

= 300/200

= 1.5 mg/kg bw/day

AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
As the dose descriptor is the NOAEL, the default assessment factor is 1.
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
2
Justification:
To account for using PoD taken from a subacute study to calculate a chronic DNEL.
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
4
Justification:
Allometric scaling to account for differences in allometry in using the rat as a test model.
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
Justification:
Default factor.
AF for intraspecies differences:
10
Justification:
To account for intraspecies differences.
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
The database has a good quality, taking into account completeness, consistency and the standard information requirements, therefore the default factor of 1 applies.
AF for remaining uncertainties:
1
Justification:
Not applicable.
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
1.5 mg/kg bw/day
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
200
DNEL extrapolated from long term DNEL
Dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
DNEL value:
300 mg/kg bw/day
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
DNEL value:
300 mg/kg bw/day
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:

NOAEL is taken from a repeat dose toxicity study via the oral route of exposure.

Dermal N(L)OAEC=oral (N(L)OAEL*( ABSoral/ABSdermal)

= 300 * (1/1)

= 300 mg/kg bw/day

 

DNEL = PoD/AF

= 300/200

= 1.5 mg/kg bw/day

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Most sensitive endpoint:
skin irritation/corrosion
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified
Most sensitive endpoint:
skin irritation/corrosion

General Population - Hazard via oral route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
1.5 mg/kg bw/day
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
200
Dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
DNEL value:
300 mg/kg bw/day
AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
As the dose descriptor is the NOAEL, the default assessment factor is 1.
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
2
Justification:
To account for using PoD taken from a subacute study to calculate a chronic DNEL.
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
4
Justification:
Allometric scaling to account for differences in allometry in using the rat as a test model.
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
Justification:
Default factor.
AF for intraspecies differences:
10
Justification:
To account for intraspecies differences.
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
The database has a good quality, taking into account completeness, consistency and the standard information requirements, therefore the default factor of 1 applies.
AF for remaining uncertainties:
1
Justification:
Not applicable.
Acute/short term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
3 mg/kg bw/day
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
100
Dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
DNEL value:
300 mg/kg bw/day
AF for dose response relationship:
1
Justification:
As the dose descriptor is the NOAEL, the default assessment factor is 1.
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
4
Justification:
Allometric scaling to account for differences in allometry in using the rat as a test model.
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
Justification:
Default factor.
AF for intraspecies differences:
10
Justification:
To account for intraspecies differences.
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Justification:
The database has a good quality, taking into account completeness, consistency and the standard information requirements, therefore the default factor of 1 applies.
AF for remaining uncertainties:
1
Justification:
Not applicable.

General Population - Hazard for the eyes

Local effects

Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified

Additional information - General Population