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Toxicological information

Skin irritation / corrosion

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
skin corrosion: in vitro / ex vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Study period:
03 Apr 2017 to 07 Apr 2017
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2017
Report Date:
2017

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 431 (In Vitro Skin Corrosion: Reconstructed Human Epidermis (RHE) Test Method)
Version / remarks:
29 July 2016
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
other: EC Guideline No. 440/2008. Part B: Methods for the Determination of Toxicity and other health effects, Guideline B.40 BIS: "In Vitro Skin Corrosion: Human Skin Model Test". Official Journal of the European Union No. L142
Version / remarks:
31 May 2008
GLP compliance:
yes

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
liquid
Specific details on test material used for the study:
SOURCE OF TEST MATERIAL
- Source of test material: Zschimmer and Schwarz GmbH + Co. KG.
- Identification: 1739 MIPA-CITRAT
- Batch: 207459-01
- Purity/Composition: UVCB

STABILITY AND STORAGE CONDITIONS OF TEST MATERIAL
- Test item storage: At room temperature
- Stable under storage conditions until: 13 January 2018 (expiry date)

OTHER SPECIFICS
- Appearance: Clear yellow liquid

In vitro test system

Test system:
human skin model
Source species:
human
Cell type:
non-transformed keratinocytes
Cell source:
other: cultured
Justification for test system used:
Recommended test system in international guidelines (OECD and EC).
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Details on test system:
RECONSTRUCTED HUMAN EPIDERMIS (RHE) TISSUE
- Model used: EpiDerm Skin Model (EPI-200)
- Background: The model consists of normal, human-derived epidermal keratinocytes which have been cultured to form a multilayered, highly differentiated model of the human epidermis. It consists of organized basal, spinous and granular layers, and a multi-layered stratum corneum containing intercellular lamellar lipid layers arranged in patterns analogous to those found in vivo. The EpiDerm tissues (surface 0.6 cm²) were cultured on polycarbonate membranes of 10 mm cell culture inserts.
- Lot no.: 25748
- Source: MatTek Corporation, Ashland MA, U.S.A.

TEST FOR THE INTERFERENCE OF THE TEST ITEM WITH THE MTT ENDPOINT
A test item may interfere with the MTT endpoint if it is coloured and/or it is able to directly reduce MTT. The cell viability measurement is affected only if the test item is present on the tissues when the MTT viability test is performed.
- Test for Colour Interference by the Test Item: The test item was checked for possible colour interference before the study was started. Some non-coloured test items may change into coloured items in aqueous conditions and thus stain the skin tissues during the 1-hour exposure. To assess the colour interference, 50 μL of the test item or 50 μL Milli-Q water as a negative control were added to 0.3 mL Milli-Q water. The mixture was incubated for approximately 1 hour at 37.0 ± 1.0°C in the dark. At the end of the exposure time the mixture was shaken and it was checked if a blue / purple colour change was observed.
- Test for Reduction of MTT: The test item was checked for possible direct MTT reduction before the study was started. To assess the ability of the test item to reduce MTT, 50 μL of the test item was added to 1 mL MTT (Sigma, Zwijndrecht, The Netherlands) solution (1 mg/mL) in phosphate buffered saline. The mixture was incubated for approximately 1 hour at 37.0 ± 1.0°C. A negative control, sterile Milli-Q water was tested concurrently. At the end of the exposure time it was checked if a blue / purple colour change or a blue / purple precipitate was observed.

TEST SYSTEM SET UP
- Tissues: On the day of receipt the tissues were kept on agarose and stored in the refrigerator. On the next day, at least one hour before starting the assay the tissues were transferred to 6-well plates with 0.9 mL DMEM.
- DMEM (Dulbecco’s Modified Eagle’s Medium): Supplemented DMEM, serum-free supplied by MatTek Corporation.
- MTT medium: MTT concentrate (5 mg/mL) diluted (1:5) with MTT diluent (supplemented DMEM). Both supplied by MatTek Corporation.
- Environmental conditions: All incubations, with the exception of the test item incubation of 3 minutes at room temperature, were carried out in a controlled environment, in which optimal conditions were a humid atmosphere of 80 - 100% (actual range 72 - 92%), containing 5.0 ± 0.5% CO2 in air in the dark at 37.0 ± 1.0°C (actual range 36.7 - 37.5°C). Temperature and humidity were continuously monitored throughout the experiment. The CO2 percentage was monitored once on each working day. Temporary deviations from the humidity and CO2 percentage may occur due to opening and closing of the incubator door. Based on laboratory historical data these deviations are considered not to affect the study integrity.

TEST ITEM PREPARATION
- No correction was made for the purity/composition of the test item.
- The liquid test item was applied undiluted (50 μL) directly on top of the tissue.

APPLICATION/TREATMENT OF THE TEST ITEM
- The skin tissues were kept in the refrigerator the day they were received. The next day, at least 1 hour before the assay was started the tissues were transferred to 6-well plates containing 0.9 mL DMEM per well.
- The level of the DMEM was just beneath the tissue. The plates were incubated for approximately 1.5 hours at 37.0 ± 1.0°C. The medium was replaced with fresh DMEM just before the test item was applied. The test was performed on a total of 4 tissues per test item together with a negative control and positive control. Two tissues were used for a 3- minute exposure to the test item and two for a 1-hour exposure. Fifty μL of the undiluted test item was added into the 6-well plates on top of the skin tissues.
- For the negative and positive controls, 2 tissues were treated with 50 μL Milli-Q water (negative control) and 2 tissues were treated with 50 μL 8N KOH (positive control) for both the 3-minute and 1-hour time point.
- After the exposure period, the tissues were washed with phosphate buffered saline (Invitrogen Corporation, Breda, The Netherlands) to remove residual test item. The skin inserts were carefully dried. Rinsed tissues were kept in 24 well plates on 300 μL DMEM until 6 tissues (= one application time) were dosed and rinsed.

CELL VIABILITY MEASUREMENT
The DMEM was replaced by 300 μL MTT-medium and tissues were incubated for 3 hours at 37°C in air containing 5% CO2. After incubation the tissues were washed with PBS and formazan was extracted with 2 mL isopropanol (MatTek corporation) over night at room temperature. The amount of extracted formazan was determined spectrophotometrically at 570 nm in triplicate with the TECAN Infinite® M200 Pro Plate Reader.

ACCEPTABILITY CRITERIA
The in vitro skin corrosion test is considered acceptable if it meets the following criteria:
- The absolute mean OD570 of the two tissues of the negative control should reasonably be within the acceptance limits of OECD 431 (lower acceptance limit ≥0.8 and upper acceptance limit ≤2.8)
- The mean relative tissue viability following 1-hour exposure to the positive control should be <15 %.
- In the range 20 - 100% viability, the Coefficient of Variation (CV) between tissue replicates should be ≤ 30%.

INTERPRETATION
A test item is considered corrosive in the in vitro skin corrosion test if:
- The relative mean tissue viability obtained after 3-minute treatment compared to the negative control tissues is decreased below 50%.
- In addition, a test item considered non-corrosive (viability ≥ 50%) after the 3-minute treatment is considered corrosive if the relative tissue viability after 1-hour treatment with the test item is decreased below 15%.
A test item is considered non corrosive in the in vitro skin corrosion test if:
- The relative mean tissue viability obtained after the 3-minute treatment compared to the negative control tissues is not decreased below 50%.
- In addition, the relative tissue viability after the 1-hour treatment is not decreased below 15%.
The table in ‘Any other information on materials and methods incl. tables’ presents the data interpretation and optional sub-categorisation in case a test item will be corrosive.
Control samples:
yes, concurrent negative control
yes, concurrent positive control
Amount/concentration applied:
CONTROLS
- Negative control: 50 μL Milli-Q
- Positive control: 50 μL 8N KOH

TEST ITEM
Undiluted (50 μL) directly on top of the tissue.
Duration of treatment / exposure:
3 minutes and 1 hour
Number of replicates:
2

Results and discussion

In vitro

Resultsopen allclose all
Irritation / corrosion parameter:
% tissue viability
Run / experiment:
Corrosion test: 3 minute exposure
Value:
78
Vehicle controls valid:
not applicable
Negative controls valid:
yes
Positive controls valid:
yes
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation / corrosion parameter:
% tissue viability
Run / experiment:
Corrosion test: 1 hour exposure
Value:
85
Vehicle controls valid:
not applicable
Negative controls valid:
yes
Positive controls valid:
yes
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Other effects / acceptance of results:
ACCEPTANCE OF RESULTS
- The test item did not interfere with the MTT endpoint.
- Acceptance criteria for negative control are met.
- Acceptance criteria for positive control are met.
- Acceptance criteria for variability between replicate measurements are met.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met