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Toxicological information

Toxicity to reproduction

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
one-generation reproductive toxicity
Remarks:
based on generations indicated in Effect levels (migrated information)
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: GLP; guideline study
Justification for type of information:
See "Read across Justification" as cross-referenced under section 13.
Cross-reference
Reason / purpose:
read-across: supporting information

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2010
Report Date:
2010

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 422 (Combined Repeated Dose Toxicity Study with the Reproduction / Developmental Toxicity Screening Test)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)
Limit test:
no

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Details on test material:
purity: 99.9 %

Test animals

Species:
rat
Strain:
Wistar
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
Male and female Wistar rats, strain Crl:WI(Han), supplied by Charles River Laboratories, Research Models and Services, UK

Administration / exposure

Route of administration:
inhalation: aerosol
Type of inhalation exposure (if applicable):
nose/head only
Vehicle:
air
Details on exposure:
For each concentration the test substance was supplied to a two-component atomizer at a constant rate by means of an infusion pump. The aerosol was generated with compressed air mixed with conditioned dilution air and passed into the inhalation system.
Details on mating procedure:
Each of the male and female animals was mated overnight in a 1:1 ratio for a maximum of 2 weeks. Throughout the mating period, each female animal was paired with a predetermined male animal from the same test group. Mating was accomplished by placing the female in the cage of the male mating partner from about 16.00 h until 07.00-09.00 h of the following morning. Deviations from these specified times were possible on weekends and public holidays and were reported in the raw data. A vaginal smear was prepared after each mating and examined for sperm. If sperm was detected, pairing of the animals was discontinued. The day on which sperm was detected was denoted "gestation day (GD) 0" and the following day "GD 1".
Analytical verification of doses or concentrations:
yes
Duration of treatment / exposure:
6 hours
Frequency of treatment:
daily
Details on study schedule:
After 2 weeks of premating treatment the F0 animals were mated to produce F1 generation pups. Mating pairs were from the same test group. Mating was discontinued as soon as sperm was detected in the vaginal smear. F0 animals were examined for their reproductive performance including determination of the number of implantation sites and the calculation of postimplantation loss for all F0 females. A detailed clinical observation (DCO) was performed in all F0 animals before test substance administration and thereafter at weekly intervals. Food consumption of the F0 parents was determined regularly during premating and after the mating period and during the gestation and lactation periods in dams. In general, body weights of F0 animals were determined once a week. During gestation and lactation period, F0 females were weighed on gestation days (GD) 0, 7, 14 and 20, on the
parturition day (postnatal day [PND] 0) and on PND 4. Pups were sexed on PND 0 and weighed one day after birth and on PND 4. Their viability was recorded twice daily on each working day or only in the morning on Saturday and Sunday. Clinicochemical and hematological examinations as well as urinalyses were performed in 5 randomly selected F0 parental animals of either sex towards the end of the administration period. At the end of the administration period a functional observational battery was performed and motor activity was measured in 5 randomly selected F0 parental males and females per test group. All surviving F0 parental animals were sacrificed assessed by gross pathology. Organ weights were recorded and a histopathological examination was performed.
Doses / concentrations
Remarks:
Doses / Concentrations:
0; 3.88±0.63; 16.6±3.1; 41.2±6.5 mg/m3
Basis:
analytical conc.
No. of animals per sex per dose:
10
Control animals:
yes, concurrent vehicle

Results and discussion

Results: P0 (first parental generation)

Details on results (P0)

For all F0 parental males, which were placed with females to generate F1 pups, copulation was confirmed. Thus, the male mating index was 100% in all test groups (0, 4, 16 and 40 mg/m³). Fertility was proven for most of the F0 parental males within the scheduled mating interval for F1 litter. One male of the 4 mg/m³ test group did not generate F1 pups. The apparently infertile male rat did not show histopathological findings that could explain infertility. Thus, the male fertility index was 90% in the 4 mg/m³ test group and 100% in all remaining groups including the control. This reflected the normal range of biological variation inherent in the strain of rats used for this study. All respective values were within the range of the historical control data of the test facility.
The female mating index calculated after the mating period for F1 litter was 100% in all test groups (0, 4, 16 and 40 mg/m³).
The mean duration until sperm was detected (GD 0) amounted to 3.1, 3.1, 2.7 and 3.3 days (0, 4, 16 and 40 mg/m³). All sperm positive rats delivered pups or had implants in utero with the exception of one low-dose female, that did not become pregnant. The female fertility index varied between 90% (4 mg/m³) and 100% (all other test groups). These values reflect the normal range of biological variation inherent in the strain of rats used for this study. All respective values were within the range of the historical control data of the test facility and did not show any relation to dosing. There were no corroborative histopathological findings in the sexual organs of the nonpregnant female rat. The mean duration of gestation values varied between 22.0 (test groups 4 and 16 mg/m³) and 22.2 days (test groups 0 and 40 mg/m³) without any relation to dosing. The gestation index was 100% in all test groups including the control. Implantation was not affected by the treatment since the mean number of implantation sites was comparable between all test substance-treated groups and the controls, taking normal biological variation into account (10.6, 11.1, 12.3 and 11.4 implants per dam at 0, 4, 16 and 40 mg/m³, respectively). Furthermore, there were no indications for test substance-induced intrauterine embryo-/fetolethality since the postimplantation loss did not show any significant differences between the test groups, and the mean number of F1 pups delivered per dam remained unaffected (9.3, 10.1, 11.6 and 10.7 pups per dam at 0, 4, 16 and 40 mg/m³, respectively). The rate of liveborn pups was not affected by the test substance, as indicated by live birth indices of 97% (test group 16 mg/m³) and 100% (all other test groups). Moreover, the number of stillborn pups was comparable between the test groups.

Effect levels (P0)

open allclose all
Dose descriptor:
NOAEC
Effect level:
40 mg/m³ air
Based on:
test mat.
Sex:
male/female
Basis for effect level:
other: reproductive performance, fertility
Dose descriptor:
NOAEC
Effect level:
40 mg/m³ air
Based on:
test mat.
Sex:
male/female
Basis for effect level:
other: systemic toxicity
Dose descriptor:
NOAEC
Effect level:
4 mg/m³ air
Based on:
test mat.
Sex:
male/female
Basis for effect level:
other: local effects

Results: F1 generation

Effect levels (F1)

Dose descriptor:
NOAEC
Generation:
F1
Effect level:
40 mg/m³ air
Based on:
test mat.
Sex:
male/female
Basis for effect level:
other: developmental toxicity

Overall reproductive toxicity

Reproductive effects observed:
not specified

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Conclusions:
The NOAEC for reproductive performance and fertility in male and female Wistar rats was 40 mg/m³ (highest dose tested).
Executive summary:

2-(2-Aminoethoxy)ethanol was administered via inhalation to groups of 10 male and 10 female Wistar rats (F0 animals) at concentrations of 4, 16, and 40 mg/m³. For all F0 parental males, which were placed with females to generate F1 pups, copulation was confirmed. Thus, the male mating index was 100% in all test groups (0, 4, 16 and 40 mg/m³). Fertility was proven for most of the F0 parental males within the scheduled mating interval for F1 litter. One male of the 4 mg/m³ test group did not generate F1 pups. The apparently infertile male rat did not show histopathological findings that could explain infertility. Thus, the male fertility index was 90% in the 4 mg/m³ test group and 100% in all remaining groups including the control. This reflected the normal range of biological variation inherent in the strain of rats used for this study. All respective values were within the range of the historical control data of the test facility. The female mating index calculated after the mating period for F1 litter was 100% in all test groups (0, 4, 16 and 40 mg/m³). The mean duration until sperm was detected (GD 0) amounted to 3.1, 3.1, 2.7 and 3.3 days (0, 4, 16 and 40 mg/m³). All sperm positive rats delivered pups or had implants in utero with the exception of one low-dose female, that did not become pregnant. The female fertility index varied between 90% (4 mg/m³) and 100% (all other test groups). These values reflect the normal range of biological variation inherent in the strain of rats used for this study. All respective values were within the range of the historical control data of the test facility and did not show any relation to dosing. There were no corroborative histopathological findings in the sexual organs of the nonpregnant female rat. The mean duration of gestation values varied between 22.0 (test groups 4 and 16 mg/m³) and 22.2 days (test groups 0 and 40 mg/m³) without any relation to dosing. The gestation index was 100% in all test groups including the control. Implantation was not affected by the treatment since the mean number of implantation sites was comparable between all test substance-treated groups and the controls, taking normal biological variation into account (10.6, 11.1, 12.3 and 11.4 implants per dam at 0, 4, 16 and 40 mg/m³, respectively). Furthermore, there were no indications for test substance-induced intrauterine embryo-/fetolethality since the postimplantation loss did not show any significant differences between the test groups, and the mean number of F1 pups delivered per dam remained unaffected (9.3, 10.1, 11.6 and 10.7 pups per dam at 0, 4, 16 and 40 mg/m³, respectively). The rate of liveborn pups was not affected by the test substance, as indicated by live birth indices of 97% (test group 16 mg/m³) and 100% (all other test groups). Moreover, the number of stillborn pups was comparable between the test groups.

Thus, the NOAEC for reproductive performance and fertility in male and female Wistar rats was 40 mg/m³.