legislation-obligation

Substance Regulatory Obligations

OBL

Cobalt

EC number: 231-158-0

CAS number: 7440-48-4

Last updated: 03/08/2020
ECHA Legislation Regulatory Obligations

Regulatory obligations may exist for this substance under the legislations under ECHA’s remit or for which ECHA has delegated tasks (i.e. REACH, CLP, BPR, PIC, CAD / CMD, WFD, and POPs). Please check the substance Infocard.

CAD - Chemical Agents Directive

EU. Worker Protection-Hazardous (98/24)

This list represents a calculated inventory of substances based on the list of harmonized substances contained in Table 3 of Annex VI to the CLP Regulation (1272/2008/EC). Note that this list is not exhaustive. While the harmonized list covers many hazardous substances, other ones not listed may also meet the classification criteria in accordance with the CLP.

Name CAS
cobalt
7440-48-4
EU Ecolabel Regulation

EU. Dangerous Substances - Eco-Labels

This database contains: (1) the list of hazardous substances harmonized for classification and labeling in EU (i.e. Table 3 of Annex VI to CLP Regulation); and (2) the Candidate List of substances of very high concern (SVHC). The EU Ecolabel may not be awarded to substances or mixtures classified as such. Note that this list is not exhaustive. While the harmonized list covers many hazardous substances, other ones not listed may also meet the classification criteria in accordance with the CLP.

Name CAS Restriction(s) Expressed As Table 3 of Annex VI to CLP EU REACH: List of SVHC Physical form Substance Description  
cobalt
7440-48-4
yes
Details
Fertilisers Regulation

EU. Fertilizer List, Annex I E.2. 1-3

Regulation 2003/2003/EC consolidates all the European Union rules that apply to fertilizers, and ensure that the technical requirements outlined in the regulation are implemented uniformly. The regulation only applies to mineral fertilizers consisting of one or more plant nutrients. Annex I lists fertilizer types according to their specific characteristics. Fertilizers that meet this type designation may be sold and used throughout the EU.

Name CAS Min micro-nutrient content_1 Min micro-nutrient content_2 Min micro-nutrient content_3 Min micro-nutrient content_4 Min micro-nutrient content_5
Cobalt (Co)
7440-48-4
0.02 %wt
0.02 %wt
0.002 %wt
0.002 %wt
Industrial Emissions Directive

EU. IPPC: Annexes V, VI, VIII (2010/75/EU)

This database contains emission limit values for polluting substances in waste gases and waste water, assigned according to facility type (i.e., combustion plants (Annex V), waste incineration/co-incineration plants (Annex VI), and installations producing titanium dioxide (Annex VIII)), under Directive 2010/75/EU on Industrial Emissions (Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control - IPPC).

Name CAS Annex Group Average period Average limit Condition Emission Limit Expressed As fuel Fuel class Industrial plant Part Point Thermal input Water limit Notes  
Cobalt
7440-48-4
VI Annex VI (Directive 2010/75/EU) Technical provisions relating to waste incineration plants and waste co-incineration plants
Antimony, arsenic, lead, chromium, cobalt, copper, manganese, nickel and vanadium and their compounds
A minimum of 30 minutes and a maximum of 8 hours
0.5 mg/nm3
As cobalt
Waste incineration plants
Part 3 (VI) Air emission limit values for waste incineration plants
1.3
21 All emission limit values shall be calculated at a temperature of 273,15 K, a pressure of 101,3 kPa and after correcting for the water vapour content of the waste gases.They are standardised at 11 % oxygen in waste gas except in case of incineration of mineral waste oil as defined in point 3 of Article 3 of Directive 2008/98/EC, when they are standardised at 3 % oxygen, and in the cases referred to in Point 2.7 of Part 6
22 These average values cover also the gaseous and the vapour forms of the relevant heavy metal emissions as well as their compounds
24 Emission limit value defined as total emission limit for the total sum of antimony, arsenic, lead, chromium, cobalt, copper, manganese, nickel and vanadium, expressed as average value over the sampling period
39 For technical provisions regarding 'Monitoring of emissions' see Part 6 (Annex VI). For 'Formula to calculate the emission concentration at the standard percentage oxygen concentration' see Part 7 (Annex VI). For 'Assessment of compliance with emission limit values' see Part 8 (Annex VI) Directive 2010/75/EU
Details
Cobalt
7440-48-4
VI Annex VI (Directive 2010/75/EU) Technical provisions relating to waste incineration plants and waste co-incineration plants
Antimony, arsenic, lead, chromium, cobalt, copper, manganese, nickel and vanadium and their compounds
A minimum of 30 minutes and a maximum of 8 hours
0.5 mg/nm3
As cobalt
Cement kilns co-incinerating waste
Part 4 (VI) Determination of air emission limit values for the co-incineration of waste
2.2
22 These average values cover also the gaseous and the vapour forms of the relevant heavy metal emissions as well as their compounds
24 Emission limit value defined as total emission limit for the total sum of antimony, arsenic, lead, chromium, cobalt, copper, manganese, nickel and vanadium, expressed as average value over the sampling period
28 All values are standardised at 10 % oxygen
30 All emission limit values shall be calculated at a temperature of 273,15 K, a pressure of 101,3 kPa and after correcting for the water vapour content of the waste gases
39 For technical provisions regarding 'Monitoring of emissions' see Part 6 (Annex VI). For 'Formula to calculate the emission concentration at the standard percentage oxygen concentration' see Part 7 (Annex VI). For 'Assessment of compliance with emission limit values' see Part 8 (Annex VI) Directive 2010/75/EU
Details
Cobalt
7440-48-4
VI Annex VI (Directive 2010/75/EU) Technical provisions relating to waste incineration plants and waste co-incineration plants
Antimony, arsenic, lead, chromium, cobalt, copper, manganese, nickel and vanadium and their compounds
A minimum of 30 minutes and a maximum of 8 hours
0.5 mg/nm3
As cobalt
Solid or liquid
Combustion plants co-incinerating waste
Part 4 (VI) Determination of air emission limit values for the co-incineration of waste
3.3
22 These average values cover also the gaseous and the vapour forms of the relevant heavy metal emissions as well as their compounds
24 Emission limit value defined as total emission limit for the total sum of antimony, arsenic, lead, chromium, cobalt, copper, manganese, nickel and vanadium, expressed as average value over the sampling period
30 All emission limit values shall be calculated at a temperature of 273,15 K, a pressure of 101,3 kPa and after correcting for the water vapour content of the waste gases
34 O2 content 6% for solid fuels and 3% for liquid fuels
39 For technical provisions regarding 'Monitoring of emissions' see Part 6 (Annex VI). For 'Formula to calculate the emission concentration at the standard percentage oxygen concentration' see Part 7 (Annex VI). For 'Assessment of compliance with emission limit values' see Part 8 (Annex VI) Directive 2010/75/EU
Details
Plastic Materials and Articles Regulation

EU. Substances Restricted in Plastic FCMs (Annex II)

This database contains the European Union's list of substances subject to general restrictions for use in plastic materials and articles; each listed substance includes specific migration limit that must not be exceeded.

Name CAS SML (mg/kg) Notes
Cobalt
7440-48-4
0.05 mg/kg
Protection of Young People Directive

EU. Young People at Work (94/33)

This list contains biological and chemical agents, in accordance with Art. 7 and points 2 and 3 of the Annex to Directive 94/33/EC, to which young persons (under 18 years of age) may not be exposed at the workplace. The database represents a non-exhaustive list of such substances based on: 1) agents of risk groups 3 and 4 under Directive 2000/54/EC; 2) Table 3 of Annex VI to the CLP Regulation; 3) and Annex I of Directive 2004/37/EC.

Name CAS EC_YOUNG ECCAR Directive 2004/37/EC EU CLP (1272/2008) EU_BA Directive 2000/54/EC Notes  
cobalt
7440-48-4
Resp. Sens. 1; Skin Sens. 1
Details
Safety and/or Health Signs at Work Directive

EU. Workplace Signs

This directive requires employers to ensure proper signage is posted in areas where hazards cannot be avoided or reduced. The annexes to this directive provide detailed information about the minimum requirements for all safety and health signs. According to the annexes to the directive, storage areas and containers containing chemical substances or mixtures that are classified as hazardous according to the CLP Regulation (1272/2008/EC) must be marked and/or labeled.

Name EC Number CAS Index Sustance Description Danger Symbols Restriction Physical form  
cobalt
231-158-0
7440-48-4
027-001-00-9
Health hazard
Details
Toy Safety Directive

EU. Substances Restricted in Toy

This list contains substances whose use in toys is restricted in the European Union in accordance with points 8 and 13, Part III, and Appendices A and C of Annex II (Particular Safety Requirements) to Directive 2009/48/EC. List entries include substance name, CAS number, limit values for certain product types and, where applicable, notes on restrictions.

Name CAS Application Name Expressed As Content limit Emission Limit Restriction(s) SML Notes  
Cobalt
7440-48-4
Dry, brittle, powder-like or pliable toy material
As cobalt
Banned if exceeded the migration limit (without prejudice to points 3, 4 and 5, Part III, Annex II)
10.5 mg/kg
Point 13, Part III, Annex II
These limit values shall not apply to toys or components of toys which, due to their accessibility, function, volume or mass, clearly exclude any hazard due to sucking, licking, swallowing or prolonged contact with skin when used as specified in the first subparagraph of Article 10(2)
Details
Cobalt
7440-48-4
Liquid or sticky toy material
As cobalt
Banned if exceeded the migration limit (without prejudice to points 3, 4 and 5, Part III, Annex II)
2.6 mg/kg
Point 13, Part III, Annex II
These limit values shall not apply to toys or components of toys which, due to their accessibility, function, volume or mass, clearly exclude any hazard due to sucking, licking, swallowing or prolonged contact with skin when used as specified in the first subparagraph of Article 10(2)
Details
Cobalt
7440-48-4
Scraped-off toy material
As cobalt
Banned if exceeded the migration limit (without prejudice to points 3, 4 and 5, Part III, Annex II)
130 mg/kg
Point 13, Part III, Annex II
These limit values shall not apply to toys or components of toys which, due to their accessibility, function, volume or mass, clearly exclude any hazard due to sucking, licking, swallowing or prolonged contact with skin when used as specified in the first subparagraph of Article 10(2)
Details
WFD - Waste Framework Directive

EU. Hazardous Waste Properties: Annex III (2008/98/EC)

This database contains substances that have been assigned hazard property (HP) waste codes 1-15, as defined in terms of the hazard class & category, hazard (H) statement, and/or concentration limits provided in Annex III of the Waste Framework Directive (2008/98/EC). The classifications of the substances listed in the database are based on their harmonized classifications per Table 3 of Annex VI to the CLP Regulation (1272/2008/EC).

Name EC Number CAS EU CLP (1272/2008) HP Code Index
cobalt
231-158-0
7440-48-4
Resp. Sens. 1
Skin Sens. 1
Aquatic Chronic 4
HP13 Sensitising: waste which contains one or more substances known to cause sensitising effects to the skin or the respiratory organs.
HP14 Ecotoxic: waste which presents or may present immediate or delayed risks for one or more sectors of the environment.
027-001-00-9

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