Proposals for new POPs

For a new substance to be included under the POPs Regulation, it needs to be listed under the Stockholm Convention or the POPs Protocol.

Who can propose new POPs?

Any party to the Stockholm Convention, including the EU, can submit a proposal to add a new persistent organic pollutant to the annexes of the Convention. EU Member States can do this by submitting their proposals to the European Commission. Their proposals must enable the substance’s properties to be assessed against screening criteria listed in Annex D to the Convention.

Assessment of new proposals

The POP Review Committee (POPRC), an expert body under the Stockholm Convention, evaluates the submitted proposals. If it concludes that screening criteria are met, it launches a global collection of information on further hazards, risks, uses and exposures. The POPRC uses this information to compile a risk profile as defined in Annex E to the Convention.

Based on the risk profile, the POPRC decides whether global action is warranted on the substance. If it decides to proceed with the proposal, the POPRC launches a global call for information related to potential risk management solutions, alternatives, socio-economic considerations and existing risk management measures. This information is used by the POPRC to prepare the risk management evaluation as defined in Annex F to the Convention.

In the final step, the POPRC assesses the information and makes a recommendation to the Conference of the Parties on listing the substance under the Convention.

Amendments to the annexes

Any proposed amendments to the Convention must be adopted by consensus of all parties. As a last resort, if no agreement is reached, a three-quarter’s majority can adopt the amendments.

Amendments to the Protocol for inclusion of new substances to the annexes must be adopted by consensus of the parties.

ECHA supports the Commission and the Member States in identifying new POPs and carries out public consultations during the identification process.

POPs_for_website_newSTEP 1Drafting and submission of the proposalSTEP 2Assessment of the proposalSTEP 3Development of the Risk ProfileSTEP 4Adoption of the Risk ProfileSTEP 5Development of the Risk Management EvaluationSTEP 7Recommendation for listing of the substance to the ConventionSTEP 9Amendment of POPs Regulation Annex I, II, III and/or IV to the ConventionSTEP 8Decision on the listing of the substance to the Annex A, B and/or C of the ConventionSTEP 6Adoption of the Risk Management EvaluationParty to the Stockholm Convention (including the EU)POP Review Committee (POPRC)POPRC working group for the substanceConference of the Parties (COP)European Commission1 Year*1 Year*~1.5 Years***8 Months/1 Year and 8 Months*** The risk profile and risk management evaluation are prepared during the intersessional period between POPRC meetings, which take place once a year (September/October). The POPRC can adopt a decision on the draft risk profile and draft risk management evaluation during a first meeting, but in some cases, the POPRC can decide to defer the decision to the following years meeting, which lengthens the adoption process. ** The meetings of the Conference of the Parties (COP) take place once every two years in April/May.*** Amendments to the Annexes to the Convention enter into force one year after the date of communication of their adoption by the depositary. The depositary notifications (CNs) are usually issued about 6 months after the amendments have been adopted by the COP.

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