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Environmental fate & pathways

Biodegradation in water: screening tests

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biodegradation in water: ready biodegradability
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
2005-11-28 to 2006-02-21
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Study performed according to standard test guidelines (OECD, EC) and conform GLP requirements. The results can be considered reliable without restriction.
according to
OECD Guideline 301 F (Ready Biodegradability: Manometric Respirometry Test)
according to
EU Method C.4-D (Determination of the "Ready" Biodegradability - Manometric Respirometry Test)
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)
Specific details on test material used for the study:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report): TIC2782 (T002907)
- Physical state: white solid
- Analytical purity: 99.9%
- Lot/batch No.: 00467090 (= charge 05C0836)
- Expiration date of the lot/batch: 2006-05-04
- Stability under test conditions: unknow
- Storage condition of test material: at room temperature (~20°C), away from direct sunlight
- solubility in water: 32 g/L
Oxygen conditions:
Inoculum or test system:
activated sludge, domestic, non-adapted
Details on inoculum:
- Source: predominantly domestic wastewater treatment plant, ARA Ergolz II, Füllinsdorf, Switzerland
- Preparation of inoculum for exposure:
* Washing procedure: The sludge was washed twice with tap water by centrifugation and the supernatant liquid phase was decanted. A homogenized
aliquot of the final sludge suspension was weighed, dried, and the ratio wet to dry weight was calculated.
* Based on the wet to dry weight ratio, calculated amounts of sludge were suspended in test water at 4 g dw/L. During holding prior to use, sludge was aerated at room temperature until use.
* Prior to use, sludge was diluted with test water to 1 g dw/L for use as inoculum.
- Initial biomass concentration in test: 30 mg dw/L test medium
Duration of test (contact time):
28 d
Initial conc.:
101 mg/L
Based on:
test mat.
Parameter followed for biodegradation estimation:
O2 consumption
Details on study design:
- Composition of medium: test water prepared according to test guidelines.
- Additional substrate: no
- Test temperature: 22°C
- pH: 7.1-7.6, measured prior to testing in each test flask before addition of inoculum, and again in each test flask at the end of the incubation period
- pH adjusted: yes, from 7.8 to 7.4 with a diluted HCL solution
- Suspended solids concentration: intially 30 mg dw/L
- Continuous darkness: yes

- Culturing apparatus: 500-mL Erlenmeyer flasks , fill-volume 250 mL, SAPROMAT D12 (Voith GmbH, Heidenheim, Germany)
- Number of culture flasks/concentration: 2
- Oxygen consumption was recorded manually by taking a daily reading at least on working day.
- Measuring equipment: by electro-chemical analysis process.
- Test performed in open system: not stated

- Inoculum control: yes, two replicates without test substance with inoculum
- Abiotic sterile control: one replicate poisoned with mercury dichloride at a concentration of 10 mg/L, without inoculum
- Toxicity control: yes, one replicate with test substance, reference substance, and inoculum
- Procedure control: yes, 2 replicates with reference substance and inoculum

Reference substance:
benzoic acid, sodium salt
other: BOD/ThOD
Sampling time:
28 d
Details on results:
Points of degradation plot (test substance):
0 % degradation after 1 d
0 % degradation after 3 d
0 % degradation after 4 d
0 % degradation after 5 d
0 % degradation after 6 d
0 % degradation after 7 d
0 % degradation after 8 d
0 % degradation after 11 d
.5 % degradation after 12 d
.5 % degradation after 13 d
.5 % degradation after 14 d
.5 % degradation after 15 d
1.5 % degradation after 18 d
1.5 % degradation after 19 d
1.5 % degradation after 20 d
1.5 % degradation after 21 d
2 % degradation after 22 d
2 % degradation after 25 d
2 % degradation after 26 d
3 % degradation after 27 d
3 % degradation after 28 d
Results with reference substance:
Average % degradation 93% by exposure day 28, confirming suitability of the activated sludge.
Points of degradation plot (reference substance):
8.5 % degradation after 1 d
63.5 % degradation after 3 d
69 % degradation after 4 d
74 % degradation after 5 d
77.5 % degradation after 6 d
80 % degradation after 7 d
82.5 % degradation after 8 d
86 % degradation after 11 d
87 % degradation after 12 d
88.5 % degradation after 13 d
89 % degradation after 14 d
89 % degradation after 15 d
90 % degradation after 18 d
90 % degradation after 19 d
90.5 % degradation after 20 d
91.5 % degradation after 21 d
91.5 % degradation after 22 d
91.5 % degradation after 25 d
92.5 % degradation after 26 d
93 % degradation after 27 d
93 % degradation after 28 d
Validity criteria fulfilled:
Interpretation of results:
under test conditions no biodegradation observed
This study determined the ready biodegradability of T002907 in a 28-day manometric respirometry test according to OECD guideline 301F in the presence of activated sludge (30mg SS/L) from a waste water treatment plant treating mainly domestic sewage. The test substance was found to not be biodegradable under the test conditions. The results of the test can be considered reliable without restriction.

Description of key information

One study (Grützner, 2006) is included in this dossier and regarded as a key study (Klimisch score of 1).  The biodegradability of T002907 was determined according to OECD Guideline 301F and EU Method C.4-D. Under the conditions of the test, T002907 was determined to be not biodegradable within 28 days.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Biodegradation in water:
under test conditions no biodegradation observed
Type of water:

Additional information