Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

EC / List no.:
235-008-5
CAS no.:
12054-48-7
Index number:
Molecular formula:
H2NiO2
SMILES:
[OH-].[OH-].[Ni++]
InChI:
InChI=1S/Ni.2H2O/h;2*1H2/q+2;;/p-2
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Inorganic
Registered compositions:
16
Of which contain:
1 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (ATP01) approved by the European Union, this substance may cause cancer by inhalation, may damage the unborn child, causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure, is very toxic to aquatic life, is very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects, is harmful if swallowed, is harmful if inhaled, is suspected of causing genetic defects, causes skin irritation, may cause an allergic skin reaction and may cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations identifies that this substance may cause cancer and may damage fertility or the unborn child.

Breakdown of all 241 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Aquatic Chronic 1 H410 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 4 H302 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 4 H332 Harmonised Classification
Skin Sens. 1 H317 Harmonised Classification
Aquatic Acute 1 H400 Harmonised Classification
Repr. 1B H360D Harmonised Classification
STOT RE 1 H372 Harmonised Classification
Muta. 2 H341 Harmonised Classification
Resp. Sens. 1 H334 Harmonised Classification
Carc. 1A H350i Harmonised Classification
Skin Irrit. 2 H315 Harmonised Classification
Carc. 1B H350
Carc. 2 H351
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

  • C
Officially recognised in the EU as Carcinogenic (Harmonised C&L).
  • C
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Carcinogenic (100% of REACH registrations).
  • M
Suspected to be Mutagenic (Harmonised C&L).
  • R
Officially recognised in the EU as Toxic to Reproduction (Harmonised C&L).
  • R
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Toxic to Reproduction (100% of REACH registrations).
  • Ss
Officially recognised in the EU as Skin sensitising ( Harmonised C&L).
  • Ss
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Skin sensitising (100% of REACH registrations).
  • Sr
Officially recognised in the EU as Respiratory sensitising ( Harmonised C&L).
  • Sr
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Respiratory sensitising (100% of REACH registrations).

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 17 active registrations under REACH, 2 Joint Submission(s) and 1 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 1 000 - 10 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used in articles, in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, hot work operations with metals (e.g. welding, soldering, gouging, brazing, flame cutting) and production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: of articles where the substances are not intended to be released and where the conditions of use do not promote release and in the production of articles. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: electrical batteries and accumulators. This substance can be found in products with material based on: metal (e.g. cutlery, pots, toys, jewellery).

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the types of manufacture using this substance.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

This substance is used in the following products: metal surface treatment products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, mixing in open batch processes, high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding), manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery and roller or brushing applications.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures.

This substance is used in the following products: metal surface treatment products. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals, electrical, electronic and optical equipment, machinery and vehicles and fabricated metal products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders), manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of substance into small containers, the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles and closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles and as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery, transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, transfer of substance into small containers, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, mixing in open batch processes and batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance and as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates).

ECHA has no data from registration dossiers on the precautionary measures for using this substance. Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • ALBEMARLE CATALYSTS COMPANY B.V., Nieuwendammerkade 1-3 PO Box 37650 1030 BE Amsterdam Netherlands
  • B-Lands Consulting (811244-6), World Trade Center, 5 Place Robert Schuman - BP 1516 38025 Grenoble France France
  • BLUESTONE METALS & CHEMICALS EUROPE S.L., c/ Pascual y Genis 1 46002 Valencia Spain
  • Bochemie a.s., Lidicka 326 735 81 Bohumin Czech Republic
  • CS Energy Materials GmbH, Im Schleeke 78-91 38642 Goslar Germany
  • ERAMET SA, 33 avenue du Maine 75755 Paris France
  • Freeport Cobalt Oy, Kobolttiaukio 1 67900 KOKKOLA Finland
  • Haldor Topsoe A/S, Nymøllevej 50 DK28000 Lyngby Denmark
  • ICoNiChem Widnes Ltd, Moss Bank Road WA8 0RU Widnes Cheshire United Kingdom
  • Johnson Matthey PLC, 5th Floor, 25 Farringdon Street EC4A 4AB London United Kingdom
  • Nilar AB, Bönavägen 55 80647 Gävle Sweden
  • Norilsk Nickel Harjavalta Oy, Teollisuuskatu 1 FI-29200 Harjavalta Finland
  • SAFT AB, Jungnergatan - Box 709 572 28 OSKARSHAMN Sweden
  • SAFT SAS, 26 Quai Charles Pasqua 92300 LEVALLOIS-PERRET France
  • Société Nouvelle d'Affinage des Métaux, Avenue Jean Jaurès 12110 Viviez France
  • Umicore NV/SA, Rue du Marais 31 1000 Brussels Belgium
  • VARTA Microbattery GmbH, Daimlerstrasse 1 73479 Ellwangen (Jagst) Germany
  • Arcerion GmbH, Gabrielenstr. 15 80636 Muenchen Germany
  • BASF Nederland B.V., Groningensingel 1 Postbus 1019 6801 MC Arnhem Netherlands
  • BASF SE, Carl-Bosch-Str. 38 67056 Ludwigshafen am Rhein Rheinland-Pfalz Germany
  • H.C. Starck GmbH, Im Schleeke 78-91 38642 Goslar Germany
  • Johnson Matthey Chemicals GmbH, Wardstrasse 17 D-46446 Emmerich am Rhein Germany
  • Toda kogyo Europe GmbH, Marienstr.32 40210 Dusseldorf Nordrhein-Westfalen Germany
  • Zakłady Chemiczne Permedia S.A., Grenadierów 9 20-331 Lublin Poland

Substance names and other identifiers

Nickel dihydroxide
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, REACH pre-registration
di-hidróxido de níquel (pt)
C&L Inventory
dihidroxid de nichel (ro)
C&L Inventory
dihidróxido de níquel (es)
C&L Inventory
dihydroxyde de nickel (fr)
C&L Inventory
diidrossido di nichel (it)
C&L Inventory
diidrossidu tan-nikil (mt)
C&L Inventory
hydroxid nikelnatý (cs)
C&L Inventory
idrossido di nichel (it)
C&L Inventory
Nickeldihydroxid (de)
C&L Inventory
nikelio dihidroksidas (lt)
C&L Inventory
nikkel-dihidroxid (hu)
C&L Inventory
nikkeldihydroksid (no)
C&L Inventory
nikkeldihydroxid (da)
C&L Inventory
nikkeldihydroxide (nl)
C&L Inventory
nikkeldihüdroksiid (et)
C&L Inventory
nikkelidihydroksidi (fi)
C&L Inventory
nikljev dihidroksid (sl)
C&L Inventory
niklov dihidroksid (hr)
C&L Inventory
niķeļa dihidroksīds (lv)
C&L Inventory
wodorotlenek niklu (II) (pl)
C&L Inventory
διυδροξείδιο του νικελίου (el)
C&L Inventory
никелов дихидроксид (bg)
C&L Inventory
Nickel hydroxide (Ni(OH)2)
Other
Nickel (II) hydroxide
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
Nickel Hydroxide
Registration dossier
nickel(2+) dihydroxide
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier, Other
nickel(2+);dihydroxide
Registration dossier
Nickel Hydroxide Chemical
Registration dossier
Nickel Hydroxide HD
Registration dossier
YRF-3
Registration dossier
028-008-00-X
Index number
C&L Inventory
12054-48-7
CAS number
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, Registration dossier, REACH pre-registration, Other
2108137-78-4
Deleted CAS number
Other
862365-66-0
Deleted CAS number
Other

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Boiling point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Density

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Relative density
3.8 @ 21 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Relative density at 20°C
3.8

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Water solubility

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
108 µg/L @ 20 °C and pH 8.3 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Water solubility
108 ng/L @ 20 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flash point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Non flammable (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Non flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Oxidising

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Viscosity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 141 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 45 1
Supporting study 51 1
Weight of evidence
Other 29 14
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Study results
  • 54 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 11
Supporting study 26 1 3
Weight of evidence
Other 13
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 41 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 19 7 1
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other 11
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Henrys law constant (H)

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Distribution modelling

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other

No summary exists for this scientific endpoint

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 7.1 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) 0 ng/L (1)
Marine water 8.6 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) 0 ng/L (1)
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 330 µg/L (1)
Sediment (freshwater) 109 mg/kg sediment dw (1)
Sediment (marine water) 109 mg/kg sediment dw (1)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 29.9 mg/kg soil dw (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning 120 µg/kg food (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 131 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 15.3 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 60 1
Weight of evidence
Other 10 59
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 33 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (32 days) 35 - 431 000 µg/L [11]
NOEC (30 days) 108.9 µg/L [1]
NOEC (8 days) 40 - 80 µg/L [2]
LOEC (32 days) 35 - 3 730 µg/L [11]
LOEC (30 days) 433.5 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 7
Supporting study 6 1
Weight of evidence
Other 10 9
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 163 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (48 h) 13 - 276 µg/L [17]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 75 12
Weight of evidence
Other 24 48
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 84 studies submitted
  • 24 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (8 months) 66 µg/L [1]
NOEC (4.233 months) 713 µg/L [1]
NOEC (56 days) 40 - 120 µg/L [2]
NOEC (42 days) 40 µg/L [2]
NOEC (36 days) 61 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 21 4
Supporting study 35
Weight of evidence
Other 17 7
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 87 studies submitted
  • 16 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 40.7 - 1 430 µg/L [26]
IC50 (48 h) 456 - 4 400 µg/L [3]
NOEC (72 h) 3.5 - 5 476.8 µg/L [26]
NOEC (48 h) 10 - 110.5 µg/L [2]
LOEC (72 h) 6.2 - 11 551.3 µg/L [26]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5 11
Supporting study 22 2
Weight of evidence
Other 19 28
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Study results
  • 31 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (7 days) 87 - 1 377 µg/L [6]
EC10 (7 days) 3.9 - 435.3 µg/L [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence
Other 3 20
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 61 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (30 min) 33 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 19
Weight of evidence
Other 3 38
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 51 studies submitted
  • 25 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (4 days) 900 µg/L [1]
LOEC (4 days) 1.8 mg/L [1]
EC10 (56 days) 762 - 1 625 mg/kg sediment dw [2]
EC10 (49 days) 210 - 339 mg/kg sediment dw [3]
EC10 (42 days) 160 - 3 307 mg/kg sediment dw [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 12
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence 17
Other 11 5
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 41 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (42 days) 20 - 180 mg/kg soil dw [4]
NOEC (28 days) 100 - 700 mg/kg soil dw [3]
NOEC (21 days) 180 - 800 mg/kg soil dw [4]
LOEC (42 days) 320 mg/kg soil dw [1]
LOEC (28 days) 300 - 1 000 mg/kg soil dw [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study 10 2 1
Weight of evidence
Other 13 9
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 19 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (28 days) 36.4 - 1 140 mg/kg soil dw [2]
LOEC (28 days) 560 mg/kg soil dw [1]
EC50 (28 days) 476 mg/kg soil dw [1]
LC50 (8.167 months) 8 351 mg/kg diet [1]
LC50 (28 days) 1 g/kg soil dw [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other 7 6
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 227 studies submitted
  • 14 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (63 days) 29 - 355 mg/kg soil dw [4]
NOEC (60 days) 88 - 187 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (56 days) 17 - 69 mg/kg soil dw [3]
NOEC (40 days) 67 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (30 days) 13 - 187 mg/kg soil dw [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 14
Supporting study 41
Weight of evidence
Other 94 78
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 39 studies submitted
  • 23 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (8.975 years) 86 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (1.381 years) 59 - 94 mg/kg soil dw [3]
NOEC (28 days) 41 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (7 days) 30 - 770 mg/kg soil dw [13]
EC10 (1.573 years) 295 mg/kg soil dw [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 23
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other 6 6
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 12 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 1 6
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 50 µg/m³ developmental toxicity / teratogenicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 1 403 mg/m³ acute toxicity
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 50 µg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 18.9 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 650 µg/cm² sensitisation (skin)
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 60 ng/m³ developmental toxicity / teratogenicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 159 mg/m³ acute toxicity
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 60 ng/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 1.8 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 11 µg/kg bw/day developmental toxicity / teratogenicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 370 µg/kg bw/day acute toxicity
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 200 - 5 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [7]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 h) 5.08 - 5.15 mg/L air (rat) [2]
M/CInterpretations of results
Other [2]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 2 1 1
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
other routes
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
Adverse effect observed (irritating)
Eye
Adverse effect observed (irritating)

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 1 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: respiratory
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Respiratory sensitisation
Adverse effect observed (sensitising)

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1 1 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEC (rat): 120 µg/m³ air [1]
NOEC (rat): 250 µg/m³ air [1]
LOAEC (rat): 250 µg/m³ air [1]

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 2 1 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Study data: in vivo
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 13 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study 1 1
Weight of evidence
Other 3 1 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 1 2
Weight of evidence
Other 1 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: developmental
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 2
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: other studies
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Immunotoxicity

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant