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According to Article 1(5)(e) of CLP, the CLP Regulation does not apply to food, as defined in Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 (Food Safety Regulation), which is in the finished state intended for the final user.
The CLP Regulation does not define the term 'intended for final user', but Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 defines 'final consumer' as 'the ultimate consumer of a foodstuff who will not use the food as part of any food business operation or activity'. The same concept can be applied in the context of CLP, i.e. intended for the final user should be read as intended for the 'ultimate consumer of a foodstuff who will not use the food as part of any food business operation or activity'. This also applies to the use of a substance or a mixture
- as a food additive in foodstuffs within the scope of Directive 89/107/EEC,
- as a flavouring in foodstuffs within the scope of Directive 88/388/EEC and Decision 1999/217/EC.
Since Article 1(5)(e) of CLP only refers to food in the finished state, intended for the final user, substances or mixtures used in food at any stage of production are not exempt from CLP and therefore must be classified, packaged, labelled and notified. For instance, the CLP Regulation applies to the manufacturer/supplier of a food additive (e.g. preservative) who supplies the substance to another company that uses it in the production of food. In such a case, the chemical substance in the form in which it is supplied should not be regarded as a product being in the finished state intended for the final user, and the exemption stated in Art. 1(5)(e) CLP is not applicable (see also FAQ ID 179).