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Description of key information

2-phenoxyethyl acrylate demonstrate a low acute oral and dermal toxicity. No conclusive inhalation study is available.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Acute toxicity: via oral route

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
acute toxicity: oral
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 401 (Acute Oral Toxicity)
Deviations:
yes
Remarks:
two doses were used
Principles of method if other than guideline:
14 days acut toxicity study with one oral exposure, two doses 2150 and 5000 mg/kg.
GLP compliance:
no
Test type:
standard acute method
Limit test:
no
Species:
rat
Strain:
Sprague-Dawley
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
5 males and 5 females per concentration, approximately 12 weeks at start. At least one week acclimatization.
Food; SSNIFF R; FA.SSNIFF, Versuchstierdiaeten; 4470 Soest
Route of administration:
oral: gavage
Vehicle:
olive oil
No. of animals per sex per dose:
5
Control animals:
no
Sex:
female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
5 000 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
Mortality:
No mortality was observed
Clinical signs:
At highest dose, 5000 mg/kg bw; Dyspnea, staggering and overall bad condition were observed after one hour and untill 2 days. Shaggy fur was observed between 1 and 13 days.
Apathy, anormalous behavior, signs of pain, spastic walking, redness of skin, dry skin, and hemiparesis were observed from 1 to 5 hours after exposure.
For the low dose, 2150 mg/kg; Hemiparesis of hindlegs was observed from 1 hour to 5 hour. Dyspnea, apathy and staggering were observed after one hour and untill 1 day. Shaggy fur, as well as general bad condition were observed between 1hour and 1 day.
Body weight:
Males; at start 180 gram for 5000 mg/kg dose and 210 gram for 2150 mg/kg dose. at end, day 13; 280 and 300, respectively.
Females; at start 180 gram for 5000 mg/kg dose and 190 gram for 2150 mg/kg dose. at end, day 13; 221 and 227, respectively.
Interpretation of results:
sligthly toxic
Remarks:
Migrated information
Conclusions:
No mortality were observed in any of the two doses tested. The acute LD50 value is therefore above 5000 mg/kg
Executive summary:

The acute toxicity of phenoxyethyl acrylate was tested in a single dose acute toxicity test, comparable to OECD Guideline 401. Two doses were tested 2150 and 5000 mg/kg. The substance was giving orally dissolved in olive oil, total volume was 5 and 10 ml/kg bw, which is acceptable according to the OECD guideline. Several clinical signs were observed, such as dyspnoea, shaggering, shaggy fur, redness of skin and hemi paralysis. The symptoms gradually ceased within hours to two days, except shaggy fur in the highest dose. No mortality was observed at any of the doses, therefore the acute LD50 value is above 5000 mg/kg.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
adverse effect observed
Dose descriptor:
discriminating dose
Value:
5 000 mg/kg bw

Acute toxicity: via inhalation route

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Acute toxicity: via dermal route

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
acute toxicity: dermal
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: The study was performed according to the relevant guideline under GLP conditions, inclusive certificate
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method B.3 (Acute Toxicity (Dermal))
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)
Test type:
fixed dose procedure
Limit test:
yes
Species:
rat
Strain:
Sprague-Dawley
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
Male and female rats obtained from Harlan Olac Ltd, Bicester Oxon, England.
Rats were housed individually in metal cages with wiremesh floor. Standard rodent diet and water were provided ad libitum.
Temperature was 21C, relative humidity was 50-51%, and 12:12 light:dark period.
Type of coverage:
semiocclusive
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Details on dermal exposure:
Five males and five females were treated. The day before treatment, the hair was removed from the dorso-lumbar region, approximately 10% of bodysurface (5*5 cm). The test substance was applied, by spreading it evenly, and then covered by gauze, and kept in place with a non-irritative dressing, encircled firmly around the trunk.
Duration of exposure:
14 days
Doses:
2.9 g/kg
No. of animals per sex per dose:
5
Control animals:
no
Sex:
male/female
Dose descriptor:
LD0
Effect level:
2 000 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
Mortality:
No mortality was observed during the experiment
Clinical signs:
No signs of systemic reactions to treatment
Body weight:
Slightly low bodyweight gains were recorded for one male and three females on day 8, and two males and four females at day 15
Gross pathology:
No macroscopic abnormalities onserved at day 15
Other findings:
Slight or well-defined erythema was observed at the site of application, for two male and three female rats on day 2. No other dermal changes and irritation has resolved at day 3.
Interpretation of results:
relatively harmless
Remarks:
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
Conclusions:
The substance can not be considered acutely toxic via the dermal route.
Executive summary:

Rats of both sexes were given 2 g/kg as a single dermal exposure and followed 14 days after exposure.

No mortality was observed . I addition no clinical signs nor macroscopic abnormalities were observed. A slight or well defined erythema was observed at the site of application for 2 and 3 male and females rats on day 2, respectively. No other dermal changes was observed, and irritation had resolved at day 3.

The substance can not be considered acutely toxic via the dermal route.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed
Dose descriptor:
discriminating dose
Value:
2 000 mg/kg bw

Additional information

The available studies on acute toxicity of 2-phenoxyethyl acrylate show that the substance has low acute toxicity. No mortality was observed in the studies available (oral and dermal). In the oral toxicity study using single dose levels of 2150 and 5000 mg/kg, several clinical signs of toxicity were observed including dyspnoea, shaggering, shaggy fur, redness of skin and hemi paralysis. The symptoms gradually ceased within hours to two days except for the highest dose level. In the dermal toxicity study, rats were given 2000 mg/kg as a single dermal exposure. Neither clinical signs nor macroscopic abnormalities were observed. A slight or well defined erythema was observed at the site of application on day 2. No other dermal changes were observed and irritation had resolved at day 3.

Supplementary information available from non-GLP studies using inhalation (rat) and interperitoneal (mice) exposure routes. Using doses of 215, 464 and 700 mg/kg bw interperitoneally the LD50 was identified as 464 mg/kg bw 700 mg/kg bw based on no deaths at 215 and 464 mg/kg bw and 10/10 deaths at 700 mg/kg bw after 14 days. For the inhalational study, detailed information on doses not available. After 7h exposure, no deaths observed (3M/3F).

Overall, 2-phenoxyethyl acrylate demonstrates a low acute oral and dermal toxicity. No conclusive inhalation key study is available.


Justification for selection of acute toxicity – oral endpoint
The study is an OECD Guideline 401 study

Justification for selection of acute toxicity – inhalation endpoint
No conclusive inhalation study available. Annex VIII requirement for second exposure route is fulfilled as both an acute oral and an acute dermal expossure study is availabe.

Justification for selection of acute toxicity – dermal endpoint
The study was performed according to EU Method B 3, under GLP conditions

Justification for classification or non-classification

The available data on acute toxicity indicate that 2-phenoxyethyl acrylate should not be CLP classified for acute toxicity in relation to oral, dermal or inhalationl exposure.