Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Endpoint:
acute toxicity: dermal
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
The study was conducted between 14 May 2015 and 28 May 2015
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: GLP guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2015
Report Date:
2014

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 402 (Acute Dermal Toxicity)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method B.3 (Acute Toxicity (Dermal))
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)
Test type:
standard acute method
Limit test:
yes

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
solid: particulate/powder
Remarks:
migrated information: powder

Test animals

Species:
rat
Strain:
Wistar
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
Five male and five female Wistar (RccHan™:WIST) strain rats were supplied by Harlan Laboratories UK Ltd., Oxon, UK. On receipt the animals were randomly allocated to cages. The females were nulliparous and non pregnant. After an acclimatization period of at least 5 days the animals were selected at random and given a number unique within the study by indelible ink marking on the tail and a number written on a cage card. At the start of the study the animals weighed at least 200 g, and were 8 to 12 weeks of age. The weight variation did not exceed ±20% of the mean weight for each sex.
The animals were housed in suspended solid floor polypropylene cages furnished with woodflakes. The animals were housed individually during the 24 Hour exposure period and in groups of five, by sex, for the remainder of the study. Free access to mains drinking water and food (2014C Teklad Global Rodent diet supplied by Harlan Laboratories UK Ltd., Oxon, UK) was allowed throughout the study. The diet, drinking water and bedding were routinely analyzed and were considered not to contain any contaminants that could reasonably be expected to affect the purpose or integrity of the study.

The temperature and relative humidity were set to achieve limits of 19 to 25 °C and 30 to 70% respectively. The rate of air exchange was at least fifteen changes per hour and the lighting was controlled by a time switch to give 12 hours continuous light (06:00 to 18:00) and 12 hours darkness.

The animals were provided with environmental enrichment items which were considered not to contain any contaminant of a level that might have affected the purpose or integrity of the study.

Justification
Rats are the preferred species of choice as historically used for safety evaluation studies and are specified in the appropriate test guidelines.

Administration / exposure

Type of coverage:
semiocclusive
Vehicle:
water
Remarks:
the test item was moistened with distilled water.
Details on dermal exposure:
On the day before treatment the back and flanks of each animal were clipped free of hair.

Using available information on the toxicity of the test item, a group of five male and five female rats was treated with the test item at a dose level of 2000 mg/kg.

The appropriate amount of test item, moistened with distilled water, was applied as evenly as possible to an area of shorn skin (approximately 10% of the total body surface area). A piece of surgical gauze was placed over the treatment area and semi occluded with a piece of self adhesive bandage. The animals were caged individually for the 24 Hour exposure period. Shortly after dosing the dressings were examined to ensure that they were securely in place.

After the 24 Hour contact period the bandage was carefully removed and the treated skin and surrounding hair wiped with cotton wool moistened with distilled water to remove any residual test item. The animals were returned to group housing for the remainder of the study period.

The animals were observed for deaths or overt signs of toxicity 30 minutes, 1, 2 and 4 hours after dosing and subsequently once daily for 14 days.

After removal of the dressings and subsequently once daily for fourteen days, the test sites were examined for evidence of primary irritation and scored.
Any other skin reactions, if present were also recorded.

Individual body weights were recorded prior to application of the test item on Day 0 and on Days 7 and 14.

At the end of the study the animals were killed by cervical dislocation. All animals were subjected to gross necropsy. This consisted of an external examination and opening of the abdominal and thoracic cavities. The appearance of any macroscopic abnormalities was recorded. No tissues were retained.
Duration of exposure:
24 hours
Doses:
2000 mg/kg body weight
No. of animals per sex per dose:
Five per sex per dose
Control animals:
no
Details on study design:
For the purpose of the study the test item was weighed out according to each animal’s individual body weight and moistened with distilled water prior to application.
The absorption of the test item was not determined.
Statistics:
No data

Results and discussion

Preliminary study:
Not applicable
Effect levels
Sex:
male/female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
> 2 000 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
Mortality:
There were no deaths.
Clinical signs:
No signs of systemic toxicity were noted during the observation period.

Dermal reactions
Pink colored staining was noted at the test sites of all animals during the study. The staining persisted at the test sites of males until Day 7 and of females up to 13 days after dosing and prevented accurate evaluation of erythema at the test sites of all animals 1 and 2 days after dosing.

Hemorrhage of dermal capillaries was noted at the test sites of all animals 1 day after dosing. Small superficial scattered scabs were also noted at the test sites of four males and four females. Glossy skin and/or scab lifting to reveal glossy skin was noted at the test sites of three females.
Body weight:
Three females showed body weight loss during the first week with expected gain in body weight during the second week. The remaining animals showed expected gains in body weight over the study period.
Gross pathology:
No abnormalities were noted at necropsy.
Other findings:
No data

Any other information on results incl. tables

Individual Clinical Observations and Mortality Data

Dose Level mg/kg

Animal Number and Sex

Effects Noted After Dosing
(Hours)

Effects Noted During Period After Dosing
(Days)

½

1

2

4

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

2000

1-0

Male

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1-1

Male

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1-2

Male

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1-3

Male

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1-4

Male

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2-0

Female

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2-1

Female

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2-2

Female

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2-3

Female

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

2-4

Female

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0=   No signs of systemic toxicity

Individual Dermal Reactions - Males

Dose Level mg/kg

Animal Number and Sex

Observation

Effects Noted After Initiation of Exposure (Days)

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

2000

1-0

Male

Erythema

?s

?s

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Edema

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Other

Hd

Ss

STASs

STASs

STASs

STA

STA

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1-1

Male

Erythema

?s

?s

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Edema

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Other

Hd

Ss

STA

STA

STA

STA

STA

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1-2

Male

Erythema

?s

?s

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Edema

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Other

Hd

0

STA

STA

STA

STA

STA

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1-3

Male

Erythema

?s

?s

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Edema

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Other

Hd

Ss

STA

STA

STA

STA

STA

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1-4

Male

Erythema

?s

?s

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Edema

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Other

Hd

Ss

STASs

STASs

STASs

STA

STA

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0= No reactions

STA = Pink colored staining

?s = Pink colored staining prevented accurate evaluation of erythema

Hd = Hemorrhage of dermal capillaries

Ss = Small superficial scattered scabs

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
not classified
Remarks:
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
Conclusions:
The acute dermal median lethal dose (LD50) of the test item in the Wistar strain rat was found to be greater than 2000 mg/kg body weight.
Executive summary:

Introduction

The study was performed to assess the acute dermal toxicity of the test item in the Wistar strain rat.    

Methods

A group of ten animals (five males and five females) was given a single, 24 hour, semi‑occluded dermal application of the test item to intact skin at a dose level of 2000 mg/kg body weight. Clinical signs and body weight development were monitored during the study. All animals were subjected to gross necropsy.    

Results

Mortality. There were no deaths.  

Clinical Observations. There were no signs of systemic toxicity.  

Dermal Irritation. Pink colored staining was noted at the test sites of all animals during the study and prevented accurate evaluation of erythema at the test sites of all animals 1 and 2 days after dosing. Signs of dermal irritation noted were hemorrhage of the dermal capillaries, small superficial scattered scabs, glossy skin and/or scab lifting to reveal glossy skin.

 

Body Weight. Three females showed body weight loss during the first week with expected gain in body weight during the second week. The remaining animals showed expected gains in body weight over the study period.  

Necropsy. No abnormalities were noted at necropsy.    

Conclusion

The acute dermal median lethal dose (LD50) of the test item in the Wistar strain rat was found to be greater than 2000 mg/kg body weight.