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EC number: 931-801-1
CAS number: -
Components of bile synthesised in the liver from cholesterol. They can
be subdivided into primary bile salts cholate and chenodeoxycholate and
the secondary bile salts deoxycholate and lithocholate. They can be
conjugated to glycine or taurine forming glycocholate and taurocholate,
respectively, and are recycled 6-8 times per day in the enterohepatic
cycle. Functions: They aid in the emulsification of triglycerides,
activate digestive enzymes by shift of the pH-value and have an
influence on the peristalsis of small intestines and colon (inhibition
and stimulation, respectively).
Lipoprotein particles of low density with a high level of lipids
(98-99.5%; remaining fraction: apolipoproteins) which are synthesised in
the gut mucosa. They are transported into the blood via the lymphatic
system (thoracic duct) and carry triglycerides absorbed from foods. The
triglycerides in the chylomicrons are degraded by endothelial
lipoprotein lipase in the blood vessels, leading to formation of
chylomicron remnants, which are precursors for VLDL and HDL in the liver.
The thoracic duct drains the lymph of the complete lower and left upper
parts of the body into the bloodstream at the left venous angle.
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Tällä verkkosivustolla käytetään evästeitä parhaan mahdollisen käyttäjäkokemuksen varmistamiseksi.
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