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Toxicological information

Skin irritation / corrosion

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
skin irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
25 May 1995 - 27 July 1995
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
1995
Report Date:
1995

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 404 (Acute Dermal Irritation / Corrosion)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Type:
Constituent
Type:
Constituent
Type:
Constituent
Type:
Constituent
Type:
Constituent
Type:
Constituent
Type:
impurity
Type:
impurity
Type:
impurity
Type:
impurity
Type:
impurity
Test material form:
liquid

Test animals

Species:
rabbit
Strain:
New Zealand White
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: accredited supplier
- Gender: male
- Age upon arrival at test facility: approx. 9-10 weeks
- Weight at study initiation: 2.3 - 2.4 kg
- Housing: individually in stainless steel cages (48 x 59 x 37 cm) with grilled floor
- Diet: ad libitum
- Water: ad libitum
- Acclimation period: 7 days

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 18-22
- Humidity (%): 50-85
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12 / 12

IN-LIFE DATES: From: 30 May 1995 To: 16 June 1995

Test system

Type of coverage:
semiocclusive
Preparation of test site:
shaved
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
no
Amount / concentration applied:
TEST MATERIAL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit): 0.5 mL
Duration of treatment / exposure:
4 hours
Observation period:
72 hours after the end of exposure period (examinations at 60 min, 24, 48 and 72 h)
Number of animals:
3 males
Details on study design:
TEST SITE
- Area of exposure: approx. 6 cm²
- Type of wrap if used: substance placed on 2.5 x 2.5 cm surgical gauze, patch held close to the skin using adhesive tape strips, strip of gauze wrapped around trunk of the animal using additional adhesive tape

REMOVAL OF TEST SUBSTANCE
- Washing (if done): once patch removed, remainder of product eliminated with water
- Time after start of exposure: 4 hours

SCORING SYSTEM: Draize scale

Results and discussion

In vivo

Resultsopen allclose all
Irritation parameter:
erythema score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
0
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
erythema score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
0
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
erythema score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0.67
Max. score:
1
Reversibility:
fully reversible within: 72 h
Remarks on result:
probability of weak irritation
Irritation parameter:
edema score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
0
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
edema score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
0
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritation parameter:
edema score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
0
Max. score:
0
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritant / corrosive response data:
See table below

Any other information on results incl. tables

Animal number

Erythema / Eschar

Edema

60 min

24 h

48 h

72 h

Individual score*

60 min

24 h

48 h

72 h

Individual score*

146

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

912

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

913

1

1

1

0

0.67

0

0

0

0

0

 

Mean score

0.22

Mean score

0

* For the 24, 48 and 72 h timepoints

Details of skin irritation scores (according to Draize)

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met
Conclusions:
Cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine, as a 41.5% solution, is not considered a skin irritant.
Executive summary:

Cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine, as a 41.5% solution, has been tested for acute skin irritation on 3 male New Zealand White rabbits, in accordance with OECD test guideline 404, and in compliance with Good Laboratory Practice.

The test article was applied as such in a single dermal dose of 0.5 mL to a shaved 6 cm² area of the intact skin, for 4 hours under a semi-occlusive dressing. Cutaneous examinations were performed at 1, 24, 48 and 72 hours after the dressing removal.

One hour after dressing removal, very slight erythema (grade 1) was observed in all animals. At examinations carried out 24 and 48 h after dressing removal, only one animal showed very slight erythema (grade 1).

No cutaneous reactions were observed in any of the animals at 72 hours after dressing removal.

Mean scores for erythema and edema (24, 48 and 72 hours after treatment) were 0.22 and 0.00, respectively.

 

Based on these results, Cocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine, as a 41.5% solution, was not considered a skin irritant.