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First-aid measures

First Aid: Eyes

In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water for at least 20 minutes. Seek immediate medical attention.

First Aid: Skin

Remove all contaminated clothing. For skin contact, wash thoroughly with soap and water for at least 20 minutes. Seek immediate

medical attention if irritation develops or persists. Completely decontaminate clothing, shoes, and leather goods before reuse.

First Aid: Ingestion

Have victim rinse mouth thoroughly with water. DO NOT INDUCE VOMITING. Immediately give large amounts of water. If

vomiting occurs naturally, rinse mouth and repeat administration of water. Obtain medical advice immediately. Never give

anything by mouth to a victim who is unconscious or having convulsions.

First Aid: Inhalation

Remove source of contamination or move victim to fresh air. Apply artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Do not use

mouth-to-mouth method if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; induce artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask

equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult. Get

immediate medical attention.

First Aid: Notes to Physician

Provide general supportive measures and treat symptomatically

Fire-fighting measures

Flash Point: Not flammable Method Used: Not applicable

Upper Flammable Limit (UEL): Not applicable Lower Flammable Limit (LEL): Not applicable

Auto Ignition: Not applicable Flammability Classification: Not applicable

Rate of Burning: Not applicable

General Fire Hazards

Sodium Erythorbate may burn but does not ignite readily. This compound has been tested by the Bureau of Mines Relative Hazard

Rating and has been found to have no explosion detected at dust levels up to 200 g/ft3. Prudent practice would be to minimize

potential explosion hazard by controlling dusts. When involved in a fire, this material may decompose and produce irritating vapors,

acrid smoke and toxic gases, including carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide. Refer to NFPA 654, Standard for the Prevention of

Fire and Dust Explosions from the Manufacturing, Processing, and Handling of Combustible Particulate Solids, for comprehensive

guidance.

Hazardous Combustion Products

Carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide.

Extinguishing Media

Use methods for the surrounding fire including water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or foam.

Fire Fighting Equipment/Instructions

Firefighters should wear full protective clothing including self-contained breathing apparatus. If possible control runoff from fire

control or dilution water to prevent environmental contamination.

Accidental release measures

Containment Procedures

Stop the flow of material, if this can be done without risk. Contain the discharged material. If sweeping of a contaminated area is

necessary use a dust suppressant agent, which does not react with product (see Section 10 for incompatibility information).

Clean-Up Procedures

Small releases can be cleaned-up wearing gloves, goggles and suitable body protection. In case of a large spill (in which excessive

dusts can be generated), clear the affected area, protect people, and respond with trained personnel. If a vacuum is used for spill

clean-up, only an explosion-proof vacuum should be used, due to the possibility for dust explosion. Do not allow the spilled

product to enter public drainage system or open water courses. Place all spill residues in an appropriate container and seal.

Thoroughly wash the area after a spill or leak clean-up. Avoid contamination of soil, and prevent spill residue from running to

groundwater or storm drains.

Evacuation Procedures

Evacuate the area promptly and keep upwind of the spilled material. Isolate the spill area to prevent people from entering. In case

of large spills, follow all facility emergency response procedures.

Special Procedures

Remove soiled clothing and launder before reuse. Avoid all skin contact with the spilled material. Have emergency equipment

readily available.

Handling and storage

Handling Procedures

All employees who handle this material should be trained to handle it safely. Do not breathe dust. Avoid all contact with skin and eyes.

Wherever dust clouds may be generated, eliminate sparks, flames and other ignition sources. Use this product only with adequate

ventilation. Areas in which this compound is used should be wiped down periodically so that this substance is not allowed to accumulate.

Dry powders can build static electricity charges when subjected to the friction of transfer and mixing operations. Provide adequate

precautions, such as electrical grounding and bonding, or inert atmospheres. Wash thoroughly after handling.

Storage Procedures

Keep container tightly closed when not in use. Store containers in a cool, dry location, away from direct sunlight, sources of intense

heat, or where freezing is possible. Material should be stored in secondary containers or in a diked area, as appropriate. Store

containers away from incompatible chemicals (see Section 10, Stability and Reactivity). Storage areas should be made of fireresistant

materials. Post warning and “NO SMOKING” signs in storage and use areas, as appropriate. Refer to NFPA 654, Prevention

of Fire and Dust Explosions from the Manufacturing, Processing and Handling of Combustible Particulate Solids for additional

information on storage. Containers of this material should be separated from oxygen, or other oxidizers, by a minimum distance of 20

ft., or by a barrier of non-combustible material at least 5 ft. high, having a fire-resistance rating of at least 0.5 hours. Additional

information can be found the OSHA Safety and Health Information Bulletin: Combustible Dust in Industry: Preventing and

Mitigating the Effects of Fire and Explosions. Use only appropriately classified electrical equipment and powered industrial

trucks. Use corrosion-resistant structural materials, lighting, and ventilation systems in the storage area. Floors should be sealed to

prevent absorption of this material. Inspect all incoming containers before storage, to ensure containers are properly labeled and not

damaged. Have appropriate extinguishing equipment in the storage area (i.e., sprinkler system, portable fire extinguishers).

Empty containers may contain residual particulates; therefore, empty containers should be handled with care. Never store food, feed,

or drinking water in containers that held this product. Keep this material away from food, drink and animal feed. Do not store this

material in open or unlabeled containers. Limit quantity of material stored.

Transport information

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Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

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Exposure controls / personal protection

Stability and reactivity

Disposal considerations