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Cobalt

EC / List no.: 231-158-0

CAS no.: 7440-48-4

Mol. formula: Co

formula
GHS08: Serious Health Hazard

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (CLP00) approved by the European Union, this substance may cause long lasting harmful effects to aquatic life, may cause an allergic skin reaction and may cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled.

GHS07: Health hazard GHS06: Acute Toxicity GHS09: Hazardous to the Environment

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations identifies that this substance is fatal if inhaled, is very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects, may cause cancer, is very toxic to aquatic life, is harmful if swallowed, is suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child, causes serious eye irritation and may cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.

At least one company has indicated that the substance classification is affected by impurities or additives.

  • C

A majority of data submitters agree this substance is Carcinogenic

  • Ss

Skin sensitising

  • Sr

Respiratory sensitising

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 10 000+ tonnes per year.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

Consumer Uses

This substance is used in the following products: metals and metal surface treatment products.
Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use and outdoor use resulting in inclusion into or onto a materials (e.g. binding agent in paints and coatings or adhesives).

Article service life

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: industrial abrasion processing with low release rate (e.g. cutting of textile, cutting, machining or grinding of metal).
Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment) and outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials).
This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical/electronic products (e.g. computers, cameras, lamps, refrigerators, washing machines), vehicles and electrical batteries and accumulators.
This substance can be found in products with material based on: metal (e.g. cutlery, pots, toys, jewellery).

Widespread uses by professional workers

This substance is used in the following products: metals.
This substance is used for the manufacture of: furniture.
Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use, outdoor use in long-life materials with high release rate (e.g. tyres, treated wooden products, treated textile and fabric, brake pads in trucks or cars, sanding of buildings (bridges, facades) or vehicles (ships)), indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment) and indoor use in long-life materials with high release rate (e.g. release from fabrics, textiles during washing, removal of indoor paints).

Formulation or re-packing

This substance is used in the following products: metals, metal surface treatment products, welding & soldering products, coating products, inks and toners, pH regulators and water treatment products, laboratory chemicals, polymers and semiconductors.
This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).
Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, formulation in materials, manufacturing of the substance, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), in the production of articles and industrial abrasion processing with low release rate (e.g. cutting of textile, cutting, machining or grinding of metal).

Uses at industrial sites

This substance is used in the following products: metal surface treatment products, metals, laboratory chemicals, pH regulators and water treatment products and semiconductors.
This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).
This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging.
This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals, fabricated metal products, electrical, electronic and optical equipment and metals.
Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates) and manufacturing of the substance.

Manufacture

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), formulation in materials and formulation of mixtures.

The InfoCard summarises the non-confidential data on substances as held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The InfoCard is automatically generated. Information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be up–to–date or complete. Substance manufacturers and importers are responsible for consulting official publications. This InfoCard is covered by the ECHA Legal Disclaimer.

ECHA logo about INFOCARD - Last updated: 10/10/2019

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