Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Description of key information

Based on expert judgment,  there is no evidence that members of the Polyol category cause carcinogenicity.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Carcinogenicity: via oral route

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Carcinogenicity: via inhalation route

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Carcinogenicity: via dermal route

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Additional information

Justification for grouping of substances and read-across

The polyol esters category comprises of 51 aliphatic esters of polyfunctional alcohols containing two to six reactive hydroxyl groups and one to four fatty acid chains. The category contains mono constituent, multi-constituent and UVCB substances with fatty acid carbon chain lengths ranging from C5 - C28, which are mainly saturated but also mono unsaturated C16 and C18, polyunsaturated C18, branched C5 and C9,branched C14 – C22 building mono-, di-, tri-, and tetra esterswith an alcohol (i.e.polyol). Fatty acid esters are generally produced by chemical reaction of an alcohol (e.g. pentaerythritol, trimethylolpropane or neopentylglycol) with an organic acid (e.g. oleic acid) in the presence of an acid catalyst (Radzi et al., 2005). The esterification reaction is started by a transfer of a proton from the acid catalyst to the acid to form an alkyl oxonium ion. The acid is protonated on its carbonyl oxygen followed by a nucleophilic addition of a molecule of the alcohol to a carbonyl carbon of acid. An intermediate product is formed. This intermediate product loses a water molecule and a proton to give an ester (Liu et al, 2006; Lilja et al., 2005; Gubicza et al., 2000; Zhao, 2000).The final products of esterification of an alcohol and fatty acids are esters ranging from monoesters to tetra-esters.

The available data allows for an accurate hazard and risk assessment of the category and the category concept is applied for the assessment of environmental fate, environmental and human health hazards. Thus where applicable, environmental and human health effects are predicted from adequate and reliable data for source substance(s) within the group by interpolation to the target substances in the group (read-across approach) applying the group concept in accordance with Annex XI, Item 1.5, of Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006. In particular, for each specific endpoint the source substance(s) structurally closest to the target substance is/are chosen for read-across, with due regard to the requirements of adequacy and reliability of the available data. Structural similarities and similarities in properties and/or activities of the source and target substance are the basis of read-across.

A detailed justification for the grouping of chemicals and read-across is provided in the technical dossier (see IUCLID Section 13) and within Chapter 5.1 of the CSR.

In accordance with Column 2 of Annex X, 8.9.1, of Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006, a carcinogenicity study may be proposed by the registrant or may be required by the Agency in accordance with Articles 40 or 41 if: the substance has a widespread dispersive use or there is evidence of frequent or long-term human exposure, and the substance is classified as germ cell mutagen category 2 or there is evidence from the repeated dose study(ies) that the substance is able to induce hyperplasia and/or pre-neoplastic lesions.

There is no evidence that the members of the Polyol category induce gene mutations in bacteria or chromosome aberrations in mammalian cells, as the results of all genotoxicity studies were consistently negative. Furthermore, in the available repeated dose toxicity studies and developmental studies, no substance-related increases in the incidence of hyperplasia or pre-neoplastic lesions were observed.

The available and relevant studies do not indicate that the members of the Polyol category fulfil the criteria for classification as germ cell mutagen or that they are able to induce hyperplasia and/or pre-neoplastic lesions. Therefore, the conditions for a carcinogenicity study to be proposed or required set out in Column 2 of Annex X, 8.9.1, are not met. Furthermore, the weight of evidence from all available information leads to the conclusion that the members of the Polyol category are not carcinogenic. Therefore, a carcinogenicity study is scientifically unjustified, will not be proposed and shall be omitted for reasons of animal welfare in accordance with Annex XI, 1.2, of Regulation (EC) 1907/2006.


Justification for selection of carcinogenicity via oral route endpoint:
No carcinogenicity study is required, since the substance is not mutagenic and no hyperplasia or pre-neoplastic lesions were observed in any of the available studies.

Justification for selection of carcinogenicity via inhalation route endpoint:
No carcinogenicity study is required, since the substance is not mutagenic and no hyperplasia or pre-neoplastic lesions were observed in any of the available studies.

Justification for selection of carcinogenicity via dermal route endpoint:
No carcinogenicity study is required, since the substance is not mutagenic and no hyperplasia or pre-neoplastic lesions were observed in any of the available studies.

Justification for classification or non-classification

According to Article 13 of Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006 "General Requirements for Generation of Information on Intrinsic Properties of substances", information on intrinsic properties of substances may be generated by means other than tests e.g. from information from structurally related substances (grouping or read-across), provided that conditions set out in Annex XI are met. Annex XI, "General rules for adaptation of this standard testing regime set out in Annexes VII to X” states that “substances whose physicochemical, toxicological and ecotoxicological properties are likely to be similar or follow a regular pattern as a result of structural similarity may be considered as a group, or ‘category’ of substances. This avoids the need to test every substance for every endpoint". Since the group concept is applied to the members of the Polyol category, data will be generated from data for reference source substance(s) to avoid unnecessary animal testing. Additionally, once the group concept is applied, substances will be classified and labelled on this basis.

Based on expert judgement, a testing proposal for a carcinogenicity study within the Polyol category would be scientifically unjustified.