Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Endpoint:
acute toxicity: oral
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
1982
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Study similar to OECD Guideline and subject to GLP audit

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
1982
Report Date:
1982

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
equivalent or similar to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 423 (Acute Oral toxicity - Acute Toxic Class Method)
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Limit test at 1 dose level
GLP compliance:
yes
Test type:
acute toxic class method
Limit test:
yes

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
other: clear viscous honey-like liquid
Details on test material:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report): Zonarez A-25
- Physical state: Clear viscous honey-like liquid
- Analytical purity: Not reported
- Lot/batch No.: AIA804

Test animals

Species:
rat
Strain:
Sprague-Dawley
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Charles River Breeding Laboratories, Wilmington, Massachusetts
- Age at study initiation: Not reported
- Weight at study initiation: Male: 225-275 grams (before fasting)
- Fasting period before study: 18 hrs
- Housing: Individual stainless steel1/2 wire mesh cages.
- Sanitization: Waste material was removed daily. Cages and feeders were sanitized every two weeks
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): Purina Certified Rodent Meal #5002, ad libitum, checked daily.
- Food analysis: No contaminants were detected.
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): Fresh tap water, fit for human consumption, ad libitum, using an automatic watering system supplied by Edstrom Industries Inc.
- Water analysis: Conducted by Pennsylvania Gas and Water Company
- Acclimation period: at least one week

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 22°C +/- 3°C
- Humidity (%): 30-70%
- Air changes (per hr): Not reported
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12 hrs light, 12 hrs dark

Administration / exposure

Route of administration:
oral: gavage
Details on oral exposure:
VEHICLE
- Information not reported

MAXIMUM DOSE VOLUME APPLIED:

CLASS METHOD (if applicable)
- Rationale for the selection of the starting dose: Potential route for human exposure
Doses:
Dose administration: 5000 mg/kg
Volume administration: 5 ml/kg
No. of animals per sex per dose:
5 females and 5 males
Details on study design:
- Frequency and duration administration: Once
- Length of the study: 15 days
- Frequency of observations and weighing: Weight and death body weights were recorded on Days -1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 11.
- Necropsy of survivors performed: yes
- Other examinations performed: Twice daily rats were observed for clinical effects, CNS effects and mortality.
Statistics:
Not reported

Results and discussion

Effect levels
Sex:
male/female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
> 5 000 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
Mortality:
No mortality occurred during the study
Clinical signs:
5 hrs after dosing: piloerection was observed in 7/10 rats
At Day 2: Diarrhea and piloerection, and decreased body were observed in 2 different rats.
At Day 3: Decreased body tone was observed in 1 rat.
Body weight:
No significant changes
Gross pathology:
No visible lesions

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
not classified
Remarks:
Migrated information
Conclusions:
The estimated acute oral LD50 in rats for Terpenes and terpenoids, turpentine oil, alpha-pinene fraction oligomers was determined to be greater than 5000 mg/kg.
Executive summary:

The study investigated the Acute oral toxicity of Terpenes and terpenoids, turpentine oil, alpha-pinene fraction oligomers on female and male Sprague-Dawley rat. A single dose of 5000 mg/kg was administered orally by gavage and animals were observed for 14 days. No mortality occurred during the study and no visible lesions were recorded at necroscopic analysis. Piloerection and diarrhea were observed in 7 rats after dosing. After 2 days diarrhea and piloerection, and decreased body were observed in 2 different rats, while after 3 days decreased body tone was observed in 1 rat.

In conclusion, the acute oral toxicity in rats was determined to be greater than 5000 mg/kg.