Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

  • EC / List name: 2,2'-[(3,3'-dichloro[1,1'-biphenyl]-4,4'-diyl)bis(azo)]bis[3-oxo-N-phenylbutyramide]
  • IUPAC name: 2-[2-(3,3'-dichloro-4'-{2-[2-oxo-1-(phenylcarbamoyl)propyl]diazen-1-yl}-[1,1'-biphenyl]-4-yl)diazen-1-yl]-3-oxo-N-phenylbutanamide
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
228-787-8
CAS no.:
6358-85-6
Index number:
Molecular formula:
C32H26Cl2N6O4
SMILES:
CC(=O)C(N=NC1=CC=C(C=C1Cl)C1=CC=C(N=NC(C(C)=O)C(=O)NC2=CC=CC=C2)C(Cl)=C1)C(=O)NC1=CC=CC=C1
InChI:
InChI=1/C32H26Cl2N6O4/c1-19(41)29(31(43)35-23-9-5-3-6-10-23)39-37-27-15-13-21(17-25(27)33)22-14-16-28(26(34)18-22)38-40-30(20(2)42)32(44)36-24-11-7-4-8-12-24/h3-18,29-30H,1-2H3,(H,35,43)(H,36,44)
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Organic
Registered compositions:
18
Of which contain:
2 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

According to the notifications provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations no hazards have been classified.
According to the majority of notifications provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications no hazards have been classified.

Breakdown of all 716 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Not Classified
Aquatic Chronic 3 H412
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 28 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:
Nanomaterials in the EU Market

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 10 000 - 100 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is used in the following products: coating products, inks and toners and polymers.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use, indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters) and outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical/electronic products (e.g. computers, cameras, lamps, refrigerators, washing machines) and vehicles. This substance can be found in products with material based on: paper (e.g. tissues, feminine hygiene products, nappies, books, magazines, wallpaper), rubber (e.g. tyres, shoes, toys), wood (e.g. floors, furniture, toys), plastic (e.g. food packaging and storage, toys, mobile phones), fabrics, textiles and apparel (e.g. clothing, mattress, curtains or carpets, textile toys), metal (e.g. cutlery, pots, toys, jewellery), plastic used for packaging (excluding food packaging) and plastic used for furniture & furnishings, including furniture coverings.

This substance is used in the following products: coating products, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay and inks and toners.

This substance is used in the following areas: printing and recorded media reproduction and building & construction work. This substance is used for the manufacture of: machinery and vehicles.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, mixing in open batch processes, roller or brushing applications, non-industrial spraying, hand mixing with intimate contact only with personal protective equipment available, treatment of articles by dipping and pouring and high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding).

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use and outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids).

This substance is used in the following products: inks and toners, coating products and polymers.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, mixing in open batch processes, laboratory work, transfer of substance into small containers, production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation and high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures and formulation in materials.

This substance is used in the following products: inks and toners, polymers, finger paints, coating products, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, paper chemicals and dyes, cosmetics and personal care products and leather treatment products.

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging and printing and recorded media reproduction. This substance is used for the manufacture of: plastic products, wood and wood products, pulp, paper and paper products and rubber products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: mixing in open batch processes, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of substance into small containers, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, transfer of chemicals, production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation, industrial spraying and roller or brushing applications.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles and in processing aids at industrial sites.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities, laboratory work and transfer of substance into small containers.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

ECHA has no data from registration dossiers on the precautionary measures for using this substance. Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • BASF Colors & Effects GmbH, An der Rheinschanze 1 67059 Ludwigshafen Germany
  • Brilliant Chem Europe GmbH, Muffeter Weg 37 52064 Aachen Germany
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77, Dublin, Ireland D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin02 Dublin Ireland
  • Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • Clariant Plastics & Coatings (Deutschland) GmbH, Brüningstrasse 50 65929 Frankfurt am Main Germany
  • Clariant SE - CN09, Am Unisyspark 1 65843 Sulzbach am Taunus Germany
  • COVANCE CRS SA 032, Parque Empresarial Las Tablas, Edificio 1 Calle Federico Mompou, 5 – 5 Planta 28050 Madrid Spain
  • Daicolor Italy S.R.L., Via Vittor Pisani 28 20124 Milano Italy
  • Daicolorchem EU S.A. - OR - company 002, Pol. Ind. Baix Ebre 165 43897 Campredo Tortosa Spain
  • EIGENMANN & VERONELLI IBÉRICA, S.L., Polígono Industrial La Pedrosa C/ Miguel Hernández, 42 - 44 Nave A 08908 L’Hospitalet de Llobregat - Barcelona Spain
  • Flint CPS Inks Germany GmbH - CN, Sieglestrasse 25 70464 Stuttgart Germany
  • Hercules Pigments Pvt Ltd (represented by Luxcontrol S.A.), 1, Avenue des Terres Rouges 4331 Esch sur Alzette Luxembourg
  • MHM Holding GmbH, Feldkirchener Straße 15 D-85551 Kirchheim Germany
  • NetSun EU B.V., Blaak 40, Fifth Floor 3011 TA Rotterdam Netherlands
  • NetSun EU B.V., Blaak 40, Fifth Floor 3011 TA Rotterdam Netherlands
  • REACH24H CONSULTING GROUP, Suite 1E, Paramount Court, Corrig Road, Sandyford Dublin 18 Dublin Ireland
  • Sun Chemical A/S, Københavnsvej 112 4600 Køge Denmark
  • Sun Chemical B.V., Leeuwenveldseweg 3-t 1382 LV Weesp Netherlands
  • Toyo Ink Europe Specialty Chemicals, Boulevard Dambourney 76350 OISSEL France
  • Trust Chem Europe B.V., Bergpoortstraat 65 NL-7411 CL Deventer Netherlands
  • UKSEUNG Europe GmbH, Hauptstrasse 14 63860 Rothenbuch Germany
  • Union Colours B.V., ESP 234 5633 AC Eindhoven Netherlands

Other names

  • 2,2'-[(3,3'-dichlorobiphenyl-4,4'-diyl)didiazene-2,1-diyl]bis(3-oxo-N-phenylbutanamide)
  • 2,2'-[(3,3'-dichlorobiphenyl-4,4'-diyl)didiazene-2,1-diyl]bis(3-oxo-N-phenylbutanamide); C. I. Pigment Yellow 12
  • 2-[2-(3,3'-dichloro-4'-{2-[2-oxo-1-(phenylcarbamoyl)propyl]diazen-1-yl}-[1,1'-biphenyl]-4-yl)diazen-1-yl]-3-oxo-N-phenylbutanamide
  • 2-[[2-chloro-4-[3-chloro-4-[[2-oxo-1-(phenylcarbamoyl)propyl]azo]phenyl]phenyl]azo]-3-oxo-N-phenyl-butanamide
  • 2-{2-[2-chloro-4-(3-chloro-4-{2-[2-oxo-1-(phenylcarbamoyl)propyl]diazen-1-yl}phenyl)phenyl]diazen-1-yl}-3-oxo-N-phenylbutanamide
  • C. I. Pigment Yellow 12
  • C.I. Pigment Yellow 0112
  • C.I. Pigment Yellow 12
  • Panax Yellow GF-935F, Panax Yellow 1512, Panax Yellow 920SR
  • PIGMENT YELLOW 12
  • 2,2'-[(3,3'-dichloro[1,1'-biphenyl]-4,4'-diyl)bis(azo)]bis[3-oxo-N-phenylbutyramide]
  • C.I. Pigment Yellow 12
  • P.Y.12
  • Pigment Yellow 12
  • PY 12
  • SEIKAFST YELLOW 2300
  • SYMULER Fast Yellow
  • Butanamide, 2,2'-[(3,3'-dichloro[1,1'-biphenyl]-4,4'-diyl)bis(2,1-diazenediyl)]bis[3-oxo-N-phenyl-
  • pigment yellow 12

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [1]
C Form
Powder (100%) [1]
C Odour
Other (100%) [1]
C Substance type
Organic (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Melting / freezing point
306 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
306 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Density

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Density
1.394 g/cm³ @ 20 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Pow
124.5 @ 23 °C and pH 7 [1]
R Log Pow
2.1 @ 23 °C and pH 7 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Log Kow (Log Pow)
2.1 @ 23 °C

Water solubility

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
400 ng/L @ 24 °C and pH 7 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Water solubility
400 ng/L @ 24 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flash point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
GHS criteria not met (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
GHS criteria not met (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidising

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Viscosity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Data not provided by the registrant

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Under test conditions no biodegradation observed (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 2 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Biodegradation in water
Under test conditions no biodegradation observed (100%)
Type of water
Freshwater (100%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Henrys law constant (H)

Data not provided by the registrant

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater No hazard identified (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) No hazard identified (1)
Marine water No hazard identified (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) No hazard identified (1)
Sewage treatment plant (STP) No hazard identified (1)
Sediment (freshwater) No hazard identified (1)
Sediment (marine water) No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning No potential for bioaccumulation (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 100 mg/L [1]
LC50 (72 h) 100 mg/L [1]
LC50 (48 h) 100 mg/L [1]
LC50 (24 h) 100 mg/L [1]
LC0 (4 days) 100 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
LC50 for freshwater fish
100 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 100 mg/L [1]
NOEC (48 h) 100 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater invertebrates
100 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (21 days) 1 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 100 mg/L [4]
NOEC (72 h) 100 mg/L [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for freshwater algae
100 mg/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
IC50 (3 h) 100 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for microorganisms
100 mg/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (28 days) 1 000 mg/kg sediment dw [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater sediment
1 000 mg/kg sediment dw

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (56 days) 1 g/kg soil dw [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Long-term EC10 / LC10 / NOEC
1 g/kg soil dw

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: Other toxicological threshold
Acute /short term: Other toxicological threshold
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 25 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 13 10
Weight of evidence
Other 1 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Bioaccumulation potential:
No bioaccumulation potential

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 228 - 2 350 mg/kg bw (rat) [2]
M/CInterpretations of results
GHS criteria not met [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 h) 230 mg/m³ air (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
GHS criteria not met [1]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 1 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 3 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
GHS criteria not met [1]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed LD50 2 228 mg/kg bw
Inhalation route:
No adverse effect observed LC50 4 250 mg/m³
Dermal route:
No adverse effect observed LD50 1 710 mg/kg bw

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Eye
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Respiratory
No study available

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
No study available

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 29 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 1 000 mg/kg bw/day [1]
NOAEL (rat): 9 000 ppm [1]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 15 12
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOAEC (rat): 52 mg/m³ air [1]

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 1 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route - systemic effects:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 550 mg/kg bw/day (chronic, rat)

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 5 2
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Toxicity - InVitro
No adverse effect observed (negative)
Toxicity - InVivo
No adverse effect observed (negative)

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 12 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 7 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 1 957 mg/kg bw/day (chronic, mouse)

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: developmental
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Effect on fertility
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 1 000 mg/kg bw/day (subacute, rat)
Effect on developmental toxicity
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 1 000 mg/kg bw/day (subacute, rat)

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant