Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

EC / List no.:
215-235-6
CAS no.:
1314-41-6
Index number:
Molecular formula:
O4Pb3
SMILES:
O1[Pb]2O[Pb]1O[Pb]O2
InChI:
InChI=1S/4O.3Pb
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Inorganic
Registered compositions:
5
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations this substance may damage fertility or the unborn child, causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure, is very toxic to aquatic life, is very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects, is harmful if swallowed, is harmful if inhaled, is suspected of causing cancer and may cause harm to breast-fed children.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications identifies that this substance is suspected of causing genetic defects.

Breakdown of all 149 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Repr. 1A H360
Aquatic Chronic 1 H410
Acute Tox. 4 H302
Acute Tox. 4 H332
Aquatic Acute 1 H400
STOT RE 1 H372
Carc. 2 H351
STOT RE 2 H373
Lact. H362
Muta. 2 H341
Not Classified
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

At least one notifier has indicated that an impurity or an additive present in the substance impacts the notified classification.

Properties of concern

  • R
Officially recognised in the EU as Toxic to Reproduction (Candidate list of SVHCs).
  • R
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Toxic to Reproduction (100% of REACH registrations).

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 9 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Substance of very high concern (SVHC) and included in the candidate list for authorisation.
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
This substance is subject to the Prior Informed Consent regulation and to export notification procedure from 03-Dec-2015
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 10 000 - 100 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is used in the following products: coating products and fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation, high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding) and open transfer and processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, formulation in materials, formulation of mixtures and as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates). Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials), indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment), indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters) and outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids).

This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: electrical batteries and accumulators and machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical/electronic products (e.g. computers, cameras, lamps, refrigerators, washing machines). This substance can be found in products with material based on: metal (e.g. cutlery, pots, toys, jewellery), stone, plaster, cement, glass or ceramic (e.g. dishes, pots/pans, food storage containers, construction and isolation material), rubber (e.g. tyres, shoes, toys) and plastic (e.g. food packaging and storage, toys, mobile phones).

This substance is used in the following products: coating products, laboratory chemicals and adsorbents.

This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals, electrical, electronic and optical equipment, mineral products (e.g. plasters, cement), rubber products and machinery and vehicles.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: industrial spraying, roller or brushing applications, laboratory work, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure and transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates). Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment), outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials), indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters) and outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids).

This substance is used in the following products: explosives and polymers.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders), transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, mixing in open batch processes, production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation and the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, formulation in materials, manufacturing of the substance and as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following products: polymers and adsorbents. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals, mineral products (e.g. plasters, cement), electrical, electronic and optical equipment, machinery and vehicles and plastic products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities, handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders), batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), manufacturing of the substance, of substances in closed systems with minimal release, formulation of mixtures and formulation in materials. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use, indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters) and outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders), transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation, mixing in open batch processes, transfer of substance into small containers and high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, formulation in materials, formulation of mixtures and as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates). Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters) and outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids).

ECHA has no data from registration dossiers on the precautionary measures for using this substance. Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • C.S.B. GmbH, Düsseldorfer Strasse 113 47809 Krefeld Germany
  • colorobbia italia spa, via Pietramarina 53 via Pietamarina 123 50053 Sovigliana - Vinci Firenze Italy
  • COPLOSA, zona franca, sector E, calle L 10-20 08040 Barcelona Spain
  • Glass Service, a.s., Rokytnice 60 75501 Vsetin Czech Republic
  • PENOX GmbH, Gothaer Strasse 39 99885 OHRDRUF Germany
  • SYSTEMS SUNLIGHT S.A., 2 Ermou & Nikis Street, Syntagma Square Neo Olvio 67 200 Xanthi Greece 105 63 Athens Attica Greece
  • TAB d.d., Polena 6 2392 Mezica Slovenia
  • UAB "APLINKOS VADYBA", Vilkpėdės g. 22 03151 Vilnius Lithuania
  • ZM "Silesia" S.A. Ul. Konduktorska 8, 40-155 Katowice, Konduktorska 8 40-155 Katowice Poland
  • Clarios Recycling GmbH, Am Leineufer 51 30419 Hannover Germany
  • Spraylat GmbH (OR for Spraylat Boya), Krantzstrasse 7 52070 Aachen Germany

Substance names and other identifiers

Orange lead
EC Inventory, PIC, REACH pre-registration
Orange lead (lead tetroxide)
Candidate list
Lead oxide (Pb3O4)
Other
bicyclo[3.1.1]triplumboxan-1-yl
Other
Lead Tetraoxide
C&L Inventory
Lead tetroxide
Registration dossier
lead(II,IV)oxide
C&L Inventory
tetraoxo triplumbane
C&L Inventory
Lead tetraoxide; Lead oxide red; Lead orthoplumbate; Lead oxide (3:4); Gold satinobre; Heuconin 5; Mennige; Mineral orange; Mineral red; Minium; Minium red; Paris lead; Pigment red 105; Plumboplumbic oxide; Red lead; Red lead oxide
Registration dossier
Name Lead tetraoxide; Lead oxide red; Lead orthoplumbate; Lead oxide (3:4); Gold satinobre; Heuconin 5; Mennige; Mineral orange; Mineral red; Minium; Minium red; Paris lead; Pigment red 105; Plumboplumbic oxide; Red lead; Red lead oxide
Registration dossier
Red Lead
Registration dossier
Red Lead Pigment Grades
Registration dossier
12684-34-3
Deleted CAS number
Other
1314-41-6
CAS number
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, Candidate list, PIC, Registration dossier, REACH pre-registration, Other
940949-96-2
Deleted CAS number
Other

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [1]
C Form
Solid: particulate/powder (100%) [1]
C Substance type
Inorganic (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Melting / freezing point
550 °C @ 101.3 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Boiling point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Boiling point
550 °C @ 101.3 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Density

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Relative density
8.93 @ 23.8 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Water solubility

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
67.3 mg/L @ 20 °C and pH 10.75 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Water solubility
67.3 mg/L @ 20 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flash point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flammability

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Not classified (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
GHS criteria not met (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oxidising
Non oxidising (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Viscosity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in soil

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 47 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 47
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Bioaccumulation Factor (BCF) - L/kg ww
1 553 L/kg ww

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Study results
  • 28 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 28
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 42 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R log Kd
4.4 - 4.57 dimensionless @ 15 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 18 2 19
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Henrys law constant (H)

Data not provided by the registrant

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 3.1 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) -
Marine water 3.5 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 100 µg/L (1)
Sediment (freshwater) 174 mg/kg sediment dw (1)
Sediment (marine water) 164 mg/kg sediment dw (1)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 212 mg/kg soil dw (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning 10.9 mg/kg food (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 54 studies submitted
  • 46 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (49 days) 280.2 µg/L [1]
LC50 (4 days) 40.8 - 40 540 µg/L [72]
LC50 (48 h) 114 - 610 µg/L [4]
LC10 (49 days) 55.6 µg/L [1]
LC10 (4 days) 304.3 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 8
Weight of evidence 45
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 46 studies submitted
  • 30 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (3 months) 48 µg/L [1]
NOEC (84 days) 39.4 - 176.3 µg/L [2]
NOEC (62 days) 87 µg/L [1]
NOEC (60 days) 70 - 136 µg/L [2]
NOEC (53 days) 13.3 - 26.8 µg/L [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 24
Supporting study 16
Weight of evidence 6
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 96 studies submitted
  • 66 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 35 - 6 820 µg/L [53]
LC50 (48 h) 26 - 3 115.8 µg/L [42]
LC50 (24 h) 280 - 27 850 µg/L [2]
EC10 (72 h) 111.2 - 252.3 µg/L [4]
EC10 (48 h) 9.2 - 1 409.6 µg/L [7]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 8
Supporting study 30
Weight of evidence 58
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 75 studies submitted
  • 49 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (4.2 months) 143.3 - 757.2 µg/L [2]
NOEC (4 months) 12 µg/L [1]
NOEC (56 days) 1 - 2.7 µg/L [4]
NOEC (42 days) 5.9 - 63 µg/L [4]
NOEC (34 days) 109 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 36
Supporting study 26
Weight of evidence 13
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 31 studies submitted
  • 9 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 20.5 - 364 µg/L [15]
EC50 (48 h) 21.7 - 388 µg/L [8]
NOEC (4 days) 22.7 - 192.3 µg/L [2]
LOEC (4 days) 44.3 - 298.1 µg/L [2]
EC10 (4 days) 29.4 - 1 231.8 µg/L [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 9
Supporting study 22
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (7 days) 1.07 - 8.53 µmol/L [7]
IC10 (7 days) 85 - 1 025 µg/L [6]
IC10 (7 days) 0.148 - 6.22 µmol/L [7]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 28 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
IC50 (9 h) 180 mg/L [1]
EC10 (24 h) 7 mg/L [1]
IC10 (24 h) 1 - 2.79 mg/L [3]
IC10 (60 min) 2.92 - 9.59 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 15 1
Weight of evidence 9
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 or NOEC for microorganisms
1 mg/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 16 studies submitted
  • 13 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (35 days) 1 699 mg/kg sediment dw [2]
NOEC (28 days) 503 - 4 719 mg/kg sediment dw [12]
NOEC (21 days) 1 126 - 2 903 mg/kg sediment dw [5]
NOEC (20 days) 3 390 - 5 230 mg/kg sediment dw [2]
LOEC (35 days) 2 734 mg/kg sediment dw [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 13
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 17 studies submitted
  • 10 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (3.733 months) 130 - 564 mg/kg soil dw [3]
NOEC (56 days) 468 - 2 202 mg/kg soil dw [4]
NOEC (28 days) 400 - 6 078 mg/kg soil dw [6]
NOEC (21 days) 608 mg/kg soil dw [1]
EC10 (84 days) 2.03 g/kg soil dw [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 9 1
Supporting study 7
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 7 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (42 days) 400 - 3 000 mg/kg soil dw [3]
NOEC (36 days) 750 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (28 days) 34 - 7 020 mg/kg soil dw [6]
EC10 (35 days) 360 - 1 200 mg/kg soil dw [2]
EC10 (28 days) 193 - 4 718 mg/kg soil dw [19]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 7
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 20 studies submitted
  • 15 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (4.433 months) 150 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (42 days) 150 - 287 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (30 days) 527 - 722 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (21 days) 374 - 7 190 mg/kg soil dw [8]
NOEC (5 days) 89 - 169 mg/kg soil dw [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 15
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 35 studies submitted
  • 22 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (1.726 years) 8.042 g/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (1.534 years) 8.13 g/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (10.033 months) 163 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (28 days) 100 - 810 mg/kg soil dw [4]
NOEC (21 days) 500 - 3 800 mg/kg soil dw [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 12
Supporting study 2 10
Weight of evidence 10
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 14 studies submitted
  • 14 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (7 months) 50 mg/kg diet [3]
NOEC (84 days) 25 - 2 000 mg/kg diet [7]
NOEC (75 days) 100 mg/kg diet [4]
NOEC (70 days) 200 mg/kg diet [1]
NOEC (60 days) 264 mg/kg diet [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 14
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Long-term EC10 / LC10 / NOEC
100 mg/kg food

Toxicity to mammals

Study results
  • 13 studies submitted
  • 13 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (1.227 years) 550 mg/kg diet [2]
NOEC (1.159 years) 64 mg/kg diet [1]
NOEC (11.1 months) 512 mg/kg diet [1]
NOEC (6.3 months) 1 000 mg/kg diet [3]
NOEC (84 days) 1 000 mg/kg diet [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 13
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 8 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 000 - 5 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [8]
M/CInterpretations of results
GHS criteria not met [2]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 7
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 h) 5.05 mg/L air (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Other [1]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [3]
M/CInterpretations of results
Other [3]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw
Inhalation route:
No adverse effect observed LC50 5 000 mg/m³
Dermal route:
No adverse effect observed LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: eye
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Eye
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Respiratory
No study available

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
No study available

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LOAEL (rat): 200 ppm [1]
NOEL (rat): 0.002 mg/kg bw/day [1]
LOEL (rat): 0.005 mg/kg bw/day [1]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 18 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 12 1
Weight of evidence 5
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 17 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study 12
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 12 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 9
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route:
Adverse effect observed NOAEL 7.8 mg/kg bw/day (chronic, rat)

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: developmental
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant