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Toxicity to soil macroorganisms except arthropods

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According to Fig. 3.2 of the TNsG, long-term tests with earthworm or other soil non target organisms are required when there is an indication of risk for the terrestrial compartment based on the data for aquatic toxicity. The PEC/PNEC for the terrestrial compartment was calculated > 1 for all calculated scenarios.
Therefore, long term effects are not expected and consequently, reproduction tests with earthworms or other soil non-target organisms are not necessary.
Furthermore, Chloramine B trihydrate is not intended for direct use on soils, but it is used in industrial, professional and private facilities. Hence a direct contamination of soil is unlikely.
Indirect contamination of the soil environment is unlikely, too, for the following reasons.
Chloramine B trihydrate is not biodegradable (see DOC IIIA 7.1.1.2). However, during its application and its discharge in wastewaters, complete degradation occurs by fast dechlorination (see DOC III-A_7.3.3_1 and DOC III-A_7.3.3_2), The dechlorinated form of Chloramine B, benzenesulphonamide (BSA), is readily biodegradable (see DOC IVA / A29 and A30). Hence at the proposed use concentrations, chloramine B trihydrate degrades completely and does not enter the environment.
As the substance – via fast dechlorination to its metabolite BSA – is readily biodegradable, further investigations with respect its fate and effects in soil ecosystems are obsolete.

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