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Ecotoxicological information

Long-term toxicity to fish

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Description of key information

Freshwater: Data on 12 fish species: NOECs range between 0.47 and 13.5 µg/l Cd (dissolved concentrations)
Marine waters: Data on 6 fish species belonging to 6 different families are available. Species NOECs range between 10 and 794 µg Cd/L (dissolved concentrations).

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Additional information

Freshwaters:

16 reliable studies on 12 different species were considered for chronic toxicity for species sensitivity distribution.

Fish species NOECs were combined with other marine chronic data in the SSD to give the HC5 from which the PNEC is derived.

Marine waters:

Relevant and reliable chronic toxicity data on marine fish were found in 6 families: Atherinidae, Serranidae, Centropomidae, Atherinidae, Mugilidae and Pleuronectidae.The species are equally distributed over the species sensitivity distribution (SSD). Fish species NOECs were combined with other marine chronic data in the SSD to give the HC5 from which the PNEC is derived.