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Physical & Chemical properties

Water solubility

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Reference
Endpoint:
water solubility
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
Testing was conducted between 06 October 2009 and 04 December 2009.
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method A.6 (Water Solubility)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)
Remarks:
Date of inspection: 2009-09-15 Date of Signature: 2009-11-26
Type of method:
flask method
Remarks:
EXAMPLE: The determination was carried out using the flask method, Method A6 Water Solubility of Commission Regulation (EC) No 440/2008 of 30 May 2008.
Water solubility:
170 g/L
Temp.:
20 °C
pH:
>= 3.8 - <= 3.9
Details on results:
Please see section Remarks on results including tables and figures.

Results

Preliminary test

The preliminary estimates of water solubility in un-buffered glass double-distilled water, pH 4 and pH 9 buffered solutions are shown in the following table:

Sample Number

Test Media

Time shaken at ~ 30ºC (hours)

Time equilibrated at 20ºC (hours)

Concentration (g/l)

Solution pH

A

glass double - distilled water

19

3

175

3.66

B

pH 4 buffer

19

3

174

3.65

C

pH 9 buffer

19

3

172

3.67

 

Definitive test

The mean peak areas relating to the standard and sample solutions are shown in the following table:

Solution

Mean peak area

Standard 29.9 mg/l

4.550

Standard 29.9 mg/l

4.504

Sample 1A

4.053

Sample 1B

4.049

Sample 2A

3.971

Sample 2B

3.992

Sample 3A

4.067

Sample 3B

4.094

Standard 29.9 mg/l

4.562

Standard 29.9 mg/l

4.519

Sample 4A

4.010

Sample 4B

4.040

Sample 5A

4.083

Sample 5B

4.149


The concentration (g/l) of test material in the sample solutions is shown in the following table:

Sample Number

Test Media

Time shaken at ~ 30ºC (hours)

Time equilibrated at 20ºC (hours)

Concentration (g/l)

Solution pH

1

glass double-distilled water

24

20.0

171

3.84

2

glass double-distilled water

48

20.0

168

3.82

3

glass double-distilled water

72

20.0

172

3.92

4

glass double-distilled water

72

10.0

169

3.93

5

glass double-distilled water

72

30.0

173

3.74

Overall result (mean of samples 1 to 3): 170 g/l at 20.0 ± 0.5°C

Validation

The linearity of the detector response with respect to concentration was assessed over the nominal concentration range of 0 to 50 mg/l (as pyrophosphate anion). This was satisfactory with a correlation coefficient of 0.999 being obtained.

Conclusions:
Interpretation of results (migrated information): very soluble (> 10000 mg/L)
The water solubility of the test material has been determined to be 170 g/l of solution at 20.0 ± 0.5°C in un-buffered glass double-distilled water, resulting in sample solution pH’s of approximately 3.8 to 3.9.
This study is conducted according to the appropriate guidelines (EU ) and under the conditions of GLP and therefore the study is considered to be acceptable and to adequately satisfy both the guideline requirement and the regulatory requirement as a key study for this endpoint.
Executive summary:

Method

The determination was carried out using the flask method, Method A6 Water Solubility ofCommissionRegulation (EC) No 440/2008 of 30 May 2008.

Conclusion

The ion chromatography method applied directly quantified the dissolved pyrophosphate content of each sample solution and these have been corrected to equivalent test material concentrations based on the theoretical pyrophosphate content of the test material.

The water solubility of the test material has been determined to be 170 g/l of solution at 20.0 ± 0.5°C in un-buffered glass double-distilled water, resulting in sample solution pH’s of approximately 3.8 to 3.9.

The effect of temperature over the range 10 to 30°C has been considered not to have had a significant influence on the solubility of the test material (range 169 to 173 g/l). 

The solubility of the test material over the environmentally relevant pH range of 4 to 9 gave solubility results and final solution pH’s similar to those obtained using unbuffered water (range 172 to 175 g/l). Thus, it can be anticipated that the water solubility of the test material over the pH range 4 to 9 would be constant, essentially due to the low buffering activities seen in the environment.


Description of key information

The water solubility of disodium dihydrogenpyrophosphate was determined according to EU Method A.6 (Water solubility) and under the conditions of GLP. 

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Water solubility:
170 g/L
at the temperature of:
20 °C

Additional information

The water solubility of the test material has been determined to be 170 g/l of solution at 20.0 ± 0.5°C in un-buffered glass double-distilled water, resulting in sample solution pH’s of approximately 3.8 to 3.9.