Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

  • EC / List name: Copper oxide
  • IUPAC name: oxocopper
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
215-269-1
CAS no.:
1317-38-0
Index number:
029-016-00-6
Molecular formula:
CuO
SMILES:
O=[Cu]
InChI:
InChI=1S/Cu.O AuxInfo=1/0/N:1;2/rA:2CuO/rB:d1;/rC:-9.3212,.4607,0;-10.8612,.4607,0;
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Inorganic
Registered compositions:
18
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Warning! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (ATP09) approved by the European Union, this substance is very toxic to aquatic life and is very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications identifies that this substance is harmful if swallowed.

Breakdown of all 782 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Aquatic Acute 1 H400 Harmonised Classification
Aquatic Chronic 1 H410 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 4 H302
Aquatic Chronic 3 H412
Not Classified
Eye Irrit. 2 H319
STOT SE 3 H335
Skin Irrit. 2 H315
Asp. Tox. 1 H304
Flam. Sol. 2 H228
Acute Tox. 2 H302
Acute Tox. 2 H312
Acute Tox. 2 H332
STOT SE 3 H371
STOT RE 2 H373
https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/more.png 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

At least one notifier has indicated that an impurity or an additive present in the substance impacts the notified classification.

Properties of concern

  • Ss
  • Sr

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 59 active registrations under REACH, 2 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
This substance is approved for use as a Biocidal Active Substance
Biocidal Products:
There are 0 authorised Biocidal Product(s) that use this substance as an active ingredient

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:
Nanomaterials in the EU Market

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 1 000+ tonnes per year.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is approved for use as a biocide in the EEA and/or Switzerland, for: wood preservation.

This substance is used in the following products: fertilisers, coating products, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, inks and toners, lubricants and greases, washing & cleaning products and cosmetics and personal care products.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use and outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: industrial abrasion processing with low release rate (e.g. cutting of textile, cutting, machining or grinding of metal) and formulation in materials. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical/electronic products (e.g. computers, cameras, lamps, refrigerators, washing machines) and vehicles. This substance can be found in products with material based on: stone, plaster, cement, glass or ceramic (e.g. dishes, pots/pans, food storage containers, construction and isolation material).

This substance is used in the following products: laboratory chemicals, fertilisers, metal surface treatment products, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, coating products, inks and toners and lubricants and greases.

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging and building & construction work. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals, mineral products (e.g. plasters, cement) and machinery and vehicles.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, treatment of articles by dipping and pouring, non-industrial spraying, the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, mixing in open batch processes, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, hand mixing with intimate contact only with personal protective equipment available, roller or brushing applications and transfer of substance into small containers.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use, outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance is used in the following products: adsorbents, coating products, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, inks and toners, adhesives and sealants, metals, fertilisers, metal surface treatment products, non-metal-surface treatment products, pH regulators and water treatment products, laboratory chemicals, lubricants and greases, polymers, washing & cleaning products and cosmetics and personal care products. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, mixing in open batch processes, transfer of substance into small containers, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation and treatment of articles by dipping and pouring.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, formulation in materials, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), in the production of articles, manufacturing of the substance, in processing aids at industrial sites and as processing aid.

This substance is used in the following products: adsorbents and pH regulators and water treatment products. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals and machinery and vehicles.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, mixing in open batch processes, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, transfer of substance into small containers, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation and treatment of articles by dipping and pouring.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), formulation of mixtures, in processing aids at industrial sites, as processing aid and formulation in materials.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, transfer of substance into small containers, mixing in open batch processes and production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, formulation of mixtures, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), in processing aids at industrial sites, as processing aid, formulation in materials and in the production of articles.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: avoid release to the environment.

Response statements

In case of incident: Collect spillage.

Disposal statements

The substance must be disposed in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulation.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • A.M.P.E.R.E. Deutschland GmbH, Emil-von-Behring Strasse 7-9 63128 DIETZENBACH Germany
  • ALBEMARLE CATALYSTS COMPANY B.V., Nieuwendammerkade 1-3 PO Box 37650 1030 BE Amsterdam Netherlands
  • ALTICHEM, 4 Rue Jacques Vaucanson 95310 SAINT-OUEN-L'AUMÔNE VAL D'OISE France
  • AXENS SA, 89, boulevard Franklin Roosevelt B.P. 50802 F-92508 Rueil-Malmaison Cedex France France
  • Bardyke Chemicals Ltd, Hamilton Road G72 7XJ Cambuslang Scotland United Kingdom
  • BASF Catalysts Germany GmbH, Seligmannallee 1 30173  Hannover Germany
  • BASF Nederland B.V., Groningensingel 1 Postbus 1019 6801 MC Arnhem Netherlands
  • BASF Polska Sp.z o.o., Aleje Jerozolimskie 154 02-326 Warszawa Poland
  • BASF SE, Carl-Bosch-Str. 38 67056 Ludwigshafen am Rhein Rheinland-Pfalz Germany
  • Brenntag Nederland B.V., Donker Duyvisweg 44 3316 BM Dordrecht Netherlands
  • Carus Europe SL, Poligono Industrial Asipo C/ Secundino Roces 3 Planta 1, Oficinas 13-14 33428 Cayés (Llanera) Asturias Spain
  • CATALYST RECOVERY EUROPE S.A., 420, Route de Longwy 4832 Rodange Luxembourg
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • Chemviron Carbon Ltd, Edgar House Lockett Road WN4 8DE Ashton-in-Makerfield Lancashire United Kingdom
  • Chemviron S.A., Zoning Industriel C de Feluy B - 7181 Feluy Belgium
  • Clariant Prodotti (Italia) S.p.A., Via Vittor Pisani 20 IT-20124 Milano Italy
  • Clariant Produkte (Deutschland) GmbH, Am Unisys-Park 1 65843 Sulzbach am Taunus Germany
  • ECOTERM S.r.l., Via Dell'Industria n. 598 41038 San Felice sul Panaro (MO) Modena Italy
  • EMSA TECNOLOGIA QUIMICA S.A., Av. Diagonal 662 - 664 Planta 2 Módulo B 08034 Barcelona Catalunya Spain
  • Euro Support Advanced Materials B.V., Liessentstraat 9f 5405 AH Uden Netherlands
  • Euro Support Manufacturing Czechia, s.r.o., Záluží 1 436 70 Litvínov Czech Republic
  • Evonik Degussa GmbH, Rellinghauser Strasse 1 - 11 C-ES 45128 Essen North Rhine-Westfalia Germany
  • Ferro France S.A.R.L., 43 rue Jeanne d'Arc 52115 Saint-Dizier Cedex France
  • Ferro GmbH, Gutleutstr.215 60327 Frankfurt am Main Germany
  • Future Industrial Services Limited, East Ord Industrial Estate TD15 2XF Berwick upon Tweed Northumberland United Kingdom
  • Glencore Nikkelverk AS, Vesterveien 31 4606 Kristiansand Norway
  • Grupa Azoty S.A., ul. Kwiatkowskiego 8 33-101 Tarnow Poland
  • H.C. Starck Tungsten GmbH, Landsberger Str. 98 80339 München Germany
  • Haldor Topsoe A/S, Nymøllevej 50 DK28000 Lyngby Denmark
  • IBU-tec Advanced Materials AG, Hainweg 9-11 D-99425 Weimar Germany
  • JACOBI CARBONS AB, Slojdaregatan 1 393 53 Kalmar Sweden
  • JACOBI CARBONS FRANCE SASU, 261 boulevard Voltaire 75011 Paris France
  • JACOBI CARBONS Ltd, E12, Croft Court WN7 3PT Leigh Lancashire United Kingdom
  • James M. Brown Limited, Napier Street Fenton ST4 4NX Stoke-on-Trent Staffordshire United Kingdom
  • Jemmtec Ltd T/A Magma Ceramics, Low Road Earlsheaton WF12 8BU Dewsbury W Yorks United Kingdom
  • Johnson Matthey Chemicals GmbH, Wardstrasse 17 D-46446 Emmerich am Rhein Germany
  • Johnson Matthey PLC, 5th Floor, 25 Farringdon Street EC4A 4AB London United Kingdom
  • Kao Chemicals GmbH, Kupferstrasse 1 46446 Emmerich Northrhine-Westfalia Germany
  • KCC Europe GmbH, Hansaring 61 50670 Köln Germany
  • Merck KGaA, Frankfurter Strasse 64293 Darmstadt Germany
  • Nickelhütte Aue GmbH, Rudolf-Breitscheid-Straße 65-75 D-08280 Aue Germany
  • Norkem BV, Het Voert 7 1613 KL Grootebroek Netherlands
  • RCL Ireland (010), 6th Floor, South Bank House Barrow Street D04 TR29 Dublin Ireland
  • RCL Ireland (013), 6th Floor, South Bank House Barrow Street D04 TR29 Dublin Ireland
  • RS Bruce (Metals & Machinery) Ltd, March Street Darnall S9 5DQ Sheffield United Kingdom
  • Shell Catalyst & Technologies Leuna GmbH, Gebaude 8322 Am Haupttor D-06237 Leuna Leuna Germany
  • SHELL CATALYSTS & TECHNOLOGIES BELGIUM, Pantserschipstraat 331 9000 Gent Belgium
  • Shepherd Europe SARL ShN, 275 rue de Lorraine 88500 Juvaincourt France
  • TIB Chemicals AG, Muelheimer Str. 16-22 68219 Mannheim Germany
  • TODINI AND CO. SPA, Corso Milano 46 B 20900 MONZA ITALIA Italy
  • TSGE_2019-008, Lavesstraße 4 31137 Hildesheim Germany
  • TÜV SÜD Iberia S.A.U. (021), Ronda Can Fatjó 13 08290 Cerdanyola del Vallès Barcelona Spain
  • UBE Corporation Europe, S.A.U., Poligono Industrial El Serrallo, s/n 12100 Castellón Spain
  • Unicat Catalyst Technologies, Dr van Peltlaan 13 1861KA Bergen Netherlands
  • UOP B.V.B.A., Noorderlaan 147 B-2030 Antwerp Belgium
  • Wacker Chemie AG, Hanns-Seidel-Platz 4 81737 Muenchen Germany
  • Zeolyst CV - OR1, Oosterhorn 36 9936 HD1 Delfzijl Netherlands
  • [Confidential], [Confidential]
  • Arcerion GmbH, Gabrielenstr. 15 80636 Muenchen Germany
  • BASF Personal Care and Nutrition GmbH, Henkelstr. 67 40589 Düsseldorf Germany
  • Cambridge Environmental Assessments, part of RSK ADAS Europe (Ireland) Ltd, Office Suite B, Bluebell Business Centre Old Naas Road, Dublin D12 XV7K Dublin Ireland
  • Chemservice S.A. (H5P7), 5, an de Laengten 6776 Grevenmacher Luxembourg

Other names

  • -
  • COPPER (II) OXIDE
  • copper (II) oxide equivalent
  • Copper II Oxide
  • Copper monooxide
  • copper monoxide
  • Copper Oxide
  • Copper oxide (II)
  • copper(i)oxide
  • Copper(II) oxide
  • Copper(II)oxide
  • Copperoxide
  • cupric oxide
  • Kupfer(II)-oxid
  • N.A.
  • Oxocopper
  • Reaction mass of dicopper oxide and copper
  • Copper (II) oxide
  • Copper oxide
  • copper(II) oxide
  • 13600 Series Cupric Oxide
  • A/F7830-DARKBROWN
  • A/F795-DARKBROWN
  • Copper (II) Oxide
  • Copper oxide
  • Copper Oxide (Black)
  • Cupric oxide
  • EgisArrow-DARKBROWN
  • EgisArrow-REDBROWN
  • EgisPacific(L)-DARKBROWN
  • EgisPacific(L)-REDBROWN
  • EgisPacific(M)-DARKBROWN
  • EgisPacific(M)-REDBROWN
  • EgisPacific-REDBROWN
  • See section 3.4 for trade names on the mixture.
  • substance only available in mixtures
  • The substance is placed on the market as a part of the chemical matrix of an inorganic catalyst (i.e. regarded as a mixture according to Guidance for Identification and Naming of Substance under REACH and CLP, Feb.2014). Therefore trade name for the substance does not exist.

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [1]
C Form
Powder (100%) [1]
C Odour
Odourless (100%) [1]
C Substance type
Inorganic (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Melting / freezing point
1 326 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Boiling point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Density

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Density
6.31 g/cm³ [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Water solubility

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
10 - 230 000 µg/L @ 20 °C and pH 5.1 - 9 [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flash point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flammability

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidising

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Viscosity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 45 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 26 1
Weight of evidence 13 5
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Study results
  • 14 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 3 1
Weight of evidence 7 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 35 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 24 3
Weight of evidence 3 5
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Henrys law constant (H)

Data not provided by the registrant

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 7.8 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) -
Marine water 5.2 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 230 µg/L (1)
Sediment (freshwater) 87 mg/kg sediment dw (1)
Sediment (marine water) 676 mg/kg sediment dw (1)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 65 mg/kg soil dw (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning No potential for bioaccumulation (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 46 studies submitted
  • 44 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 2.8 - 9 150 µg/L [265]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 7 36
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 25 studies submitted
  • 18 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (11 months) 14.5 - 33 µg/L [3]
NOEC (10.9 months) 10.6 µg/L [3]
NOEC (9 months) 66 µg/L [1]
NOEC (8.133 months) 17.4 µg/L [3]
NOEC (6.3 months) 9.5 µg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 5 2
Weight of evidence 18
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 17 studies submitted
  • 14 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 33.8 - 1 213 µg/L [44]
LC50 (48 h) 7 - 200 µg/L [67]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence 9 5
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 48 studies submitted
  • 42 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (8 months) 8.3 - 13.8 µg/L [2]
NOEC (3.333 months) 11 - 19.1 µg/L [2]
NOEC (63 days) 13 µg/L [1]
NOEC (56 days) 10 µg/L [1]
NOEC (46 days) 9.9 µg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 5 1
Weight of evidence 42
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 16 studies submitted
  • 15 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (10 days) 32 µg/L [1]
EC50 (7 days) 32 µg/L [1]
EC50 (4 days) 47 µg/L [1]
EC50 (72 h) 16.5 - 987 µg/L [68]
NOEC (19 days) 10.2 - 50.1 µg/L [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 9 6
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (7 days) 30 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (3.333 months) 25 µg/L [1]
NOEC (30 days) 230 - 450 µg/L [2]
NOEC (4 days) 3.818 mg/L [1]
NOEC (48 h) 3.563 - 3.8 mg/L [2]
NOEC (24 h) 320 - 640 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence 5
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 or NOEC for microorganisms
230 µg/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (35 days) 30.6 - 97.4 mg/kg sediment dw [4]
NOEC (28 days) 18.3 - 580.9 mg/kg sediment dw [54]
NOEC (21 days) 23.4 - 44.9 mg/kg sediment dw [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 27 studies submitted
  • 21 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (10 years) 42.3 - 105.3 mg/kg soil dw [8]
NOEC (9.8 months) 139.6 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (4.833 months) 34 - 64.6 mg/kg soil dw [3]
NOEC (3.667 months) 73 - 150 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (84 days) 56 - 150 mg/kg soil dw [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence 21
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 12 studies submitted
  • 11 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (56 days) 200 - 800 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (42 days) 200 - 1 000 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (28 days) 27.9 - 1 000 mg/kg soil dw [46]
NOEC (28 days) 177 mg/cm² [1]
NOEC (21 days) 400 - 1 000 mg/kg soil dw [11]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 12
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 19 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (28 days) 42 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (4 days) 42 - 147 mg/kg soil dw [2]
EC10 (7 months) 42 - 158 mg/kg soil dw [2]
EC10 (6.533 months) 181 - 192 mg/kg soil dw [2]
EC10 (5.833 months) 78 mg/kg soil dw [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 10
Weight of evidence 9
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 16 studies submitted
  • 11 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (1.573 years) 400 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (1.479 years) 55 - 400 mg/kg soil dw [3]
NOEC (1.342 years) 150 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (49 days) 118 - 468 mg/kg soil dw [3]
NOEC (28 days) 25 - 2 400 mg/kg soil dw [23]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence 11
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 41 µg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 82 µg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 28 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 26 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 500 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Not classified [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Not classified [1]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 1 000 ppm [1]
NOAEL (mouse): 1 000 ppm [1]
LOAEL (rat): 2 000 ppm [1]
LOAEL (mouse): 2 000 ppm [1]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Study data: inhalation
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 2 mg/m³ air [1]
LOEL (rat): 200 µg/m³ air [1]

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: in vivo
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: developmental
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant