Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

  • EC / List name: Ethyl acrylate
  • IUPAC name: ethyl prop-2-enoate
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
205-438-8
CAS no.:
140-88-5
Index number:
607-032-00-X
Molecular formula:
C5H8O2
SMILES:
CCOC(=O)C=C
InChI:
InChI=1S/C5H8O2/c1-3-5(6)7-4-2/h3H,1,4H2,2H3
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Organic
Registered compositions:
23
Of which contain:
1 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (CLP00) approved by the European Union, this substance is a highly flammable liquid and vapour, is harmful if swallowed, is harmful in contact with skin, causes serious eye irritation, is harmful if inhaled, causes skin irritation, may cause an allergic skin reaction and may cause respiratory irritation.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations identifies that this substance is toxic if inhaled and is harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

Breakdown of all 3188 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Flam. Liq. 2 H225 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 4 H312 Harmonised Classification
Eye Irrit. 2 H319 Harmonised Classification
Skin Irrit. 2 H315 Harmonised Classification
STOT SE 3 H335 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 4 H302 Harmonised Classification
Skin Sens. 1 H317 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 3 H331
Aquatic Chronic 3 H412
Acute Tox. 4 H332 Harmonised Classification
Skin Sens. 1B H317
STOT SE 3 H370
Not Classified
Skin Corr. 1C H314
Eye Dam. 1 H318
https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/more.png 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

  • Ss

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 74 active registrations under REACH, 2 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 100 000 - 1 000 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used in articles, in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: laboratory work and the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), for thermoplastic manufacture and as processing aid. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance can be found in products with material based on: paper (e.g. tissues, feminine hygiene products, nappies, books, magazines, wallpaper).

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the types of manufacture using this substance.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

This substance is used in the following products: paper chemicals and dyes.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure and laboratory work.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures and formulation in materials.

This substance is used in the following products: polymers and perfumes and fragrances. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following areas: municipal supply (e.g. electricity, steam, gas, water) and sewage treatment. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals and plastic products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, mixing in open batch processes and transfer of substance into small containers.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: for thermoplastic manufacture, as processing aid, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates) and of substances in closed systems with minimal release.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, transfer of substance into small containers, laboratory work, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and mixing in open batch processes.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: ground and bond container and receiving equipment; do not breathe the dust, fume, gas, mist, vapours or spray; keep away from heat, sparks, open flames and/or hot surfaces – No smoking; wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier.

Response statements

In case of incident: If on skin (or hair): take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water or shower. If in eyes: rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do – continue rinsing.

Storage statements

Store this substance in a well-ventilated place and keeping container tightly closed.

Disposal statements

The substance must be disposed in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulation.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • 3M Belgium BVBA/SPRL, Hermeslaan 7 1831 Diegem Belgium
  • Afton Chemical S.P.R.L. (Woluwe), Alma Court Lenneke Marelaan, 8 B-1932 St-Stevens-Woluwe Belgium
  • Akzo Nobel Surface Chemistry AB, Stenunge Allé 3 - S-44485 Stenungsund - Sweden
  • Allnex Belgium NV/SA OR, Anderlechtstraat 33 1620 Drogenbos Belgium
  • Allnex Belgium NV/SA OR1, Anderlechtstraat 33 1620 Drogenbos Belgium
  • ARKEMA FRANCE, 420 rue d'Estienne d'Orves 92700 COLOMBES France
  • ARKEMA S.R.L. Socio Unico, Via Pregnana 63 20017 Rho Milano Italy
  • Ashland Services BV (0311), Noordweg 9 3336 LH Zwijndrecht Netherlands
  • BASF Agricultural Specialities S.A.S., Z.I.En Jacca 10 Chemin de la Plaine 31770 Colomiers Toulouse France
  • BASF SE, Carl-Bosch-Str. 38 67056 Ludwigshafen am Rhein Rheinland-Pfalz Germany
  • BCS Only Representative Services Ltd, Pembroke House 30 Upper Pembroke Street Dublin 2 Dublin Ireland
  • BorsodChem Zrt. - OR, Bolyai ter 1. H-3700 Kazincbarcika Hungary
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 D02 Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77, Dublin, Ireland D02 Dublin Ireland
  • Chemservice S.A. (H5P7), 5, an de Laengten 6776 Grevenmacher Luxembourg
  • COATEX SAS, 35 rue AMPERE 69730 GENAY France
  • Dow Belgium B.V.B.A., Sneeuwbeslaan 20, bus 10 2610 Wilrijik Belgium Belgium
  • DOW BENELUX B.V., Postbus 48 4530 AA Terneuzen Netherlands
  • DOW BENELUX B.V. - OR2, Postbus 48 4530 AA Terneuzen Netherlands
  • DOW BENELUX B.V. OR-10, Postbus 48 4530 AA Terneuzen Netherlands
  • DOW BENELUX B.V. OR-11, Postbus 48 4530 AA Terneuzen Netherlands
  • DOW BENELUX B.V. OR-12, Postbus 48 4530 AA Terneuzen Netherlands
  • DOW BENELUX B.V. OR-5, Postbus 48 4530 AA Terneuzen Netherlands
  • DOW BENELUX B.V. OR-7, Postbus 48 NL-4530 AA Terneuzen Netherlands
  • Dow Benelux B.V. OR-20, Postbus 48 4530 AA Terneuzen Netherlands
  • Dow Benelux B.V. OR-51, Postbus 48 4530 AA Terneuzen Netherlands
  • DOW BENELUX B.V. OR-52, Postbus 48 4530 AA Terneuzen Netherlands
  • Du Pont (U.K.) Limited, London Road 4th Floor, Kings Court SG1 2NG Stevenage Hertfordshire United Kingdom
  • ECEM, Hogehilweg 18 1101CD Amsterdam Noord Holland Netherlands
  • Elementis UK Ltd., Caroline House 55 - 57 High Holborn WC1V 6DX London United Kingdom
  • ENVIGO CRS SAU 104, Centro Industrial Santiga - Carrer Argenters, 6 08130 Santa Perpetua de Mogoda Barcelona Spain
  • ENVIGO CRS SAU 108, Centro Industrial Santiga - Carrer Argenters, 6 08130 Santa Perpetua de Mogoda Barcelona Spain
  • ENVIGO CRS SAU 160, Centro Industrial Santiga- Carrer Argenters, 6 08130 Santa Perpetua de Mogoda Barcelona Spain
  • Evonik Performance Materials GmbH - OR R1, Kirschenallee 64293 Darmstadt Germany
  • Huntsman Textile Effects (Germany) GmbH, Rehlinger Str. 1 D-86462 Langweid a.Lech Germany
  • INEOS Styrolution Belgium, Haven 725, Scheldelaan 600 Scheldelaan 600 2040 Antwerpen 4 Belgium
  • LG Chem Europe GmbH, Lyoner str 15, Atricom C6, D-60528 Frankfurt am Main Germany
  • Lubrizol Advanced Materials Europe B.V.B.A, Nijverheidsstraat 30 2260 Westerlo-Oevel Belgium
  • Lubrizol Deutschland GmbH, Max-Planck-Strasse 6 27721 RITTERHUDE Germany
  • Lubrizol Europe Coordination Center BVBA 02 , Chaussee De Wavre 1945 Brussels Belgium
  • Lubrizol France SAS, 25 Quai de France 76100 ROUEN France
  • Lubrizol Limited, The Knowle, Nether Lane Hazelwwod DE56 4AN Derby Derbyshire United Kingdom
  • Malgrat Pharma Chemicals, S.L.U., Camí de la Pomereda, 13 08380 Malgrat de Mar (Barcelona) Spain
  • Miki Europe GmbH, Immermannstr. 35 40210 Düsseldorf Germany
  • Mitsubishi Polyester Film GmbH, Kasteler Str. 45 65203 Wiesbaden Germany
  • Momentive Performance Materials GmbH, Chempark Building V7 51368 Leverkusen NRW Germany
  • Novasol S.A., Mechelsesteenweg 455 1950 Kraainem Belgium
  • OMNOVA Solutions SAS (OR of OMNOVA Solutions Inc), 14 avenue des Tropiques ZA de Courtaboeuf 2, Villejust 91955 Courtaboeuf Cedex France
  • Performance Specialty Products Italy Srl , Via Pontaccio 10 20121 Milano Lombardia Italy
  • Pioneer Solutions Europe BVBA, De Roskam 13 2970 Schilde Belgium
  • Plaskolite, Inc., Brasem 204 7008BP Doetinchem Netherlands
  • PPG Coatings BV, Papesteeg 102 4006 WC Tiel Netherlands
  • PPG Europe B.V. - OR1, Amsterdamseweg 14 1422 AD Uithoorn Netherlands
  • PPG Europe B.V. - OR3, Amsterdamseweg 14 1422 AD Uithoorn Netherlands
  • PPG Europe B.V. - OR7, Amsterdamseweg 14 1422 AD Uithoorn Netherlands
  • PPG Industries Italia Srl Società soggetta a direzione e coordinamento da parte di PPG Industries Inc., Via Serra, 1 15028 Quattordio Italy
  • REACH24H CONSULTING GROUP, Paramount Court, Corrig Road, Sandyford Dublin 18 Dublin Ireland
  • Sasol Chemie GmbH & Co. KG, Anckelmannsplatz 1 20537 Hamburg Germany
  • SCAS Europe S.A./N.V., Leonardo Da Vincilaan 19 B-1831 Diegem Belgium
  • Showa Denko Europe GmbH OR1, Konrad-Zuse-Platz 3 D-81829 Munich Germany
  • Stahl Europe B.V., Sluisweg 10 5145PE Waalwijk Noord Brabant Netherlands
  • Sumitomo Electric Schrumpf-Produkte GmbH, Oststrasse 89 22844 Norderstedt Germany
  • Synthomer (UK) Limited, Central Road, Templefields CM20 2BH Harlow Essex United Kingdom
  • Synthomer a.s., Tovární 2093 356 01 Sokolov Czech Republic
  • TFL ITALIA SpA, Via dei Campacci 11 20010 Buscate MI Italy
  • TOSOH EUROPE B.V., Amstelplein 1 1096 HA Amsterdam Netherlands
  • TÜV SÜD Iberia S.A.U. (052), Ronda Can Fatjó 13 08290 Cerdanyola del Vallès Barcelona Spain
  • UMCO GmbH, Georg-Wilhelm-Straße 187 21107 Hamburg Germany
  • Zeon Europe GmbH, Hansaallee 249 40549 Düsseldorf NRW Germany
  • Zeon Europe GmbH, Hansaallee 249 40549 Düsseldorf Germany
  • [Confidential], [Confidential]
  • Bidachem S.p.A., S.S. 11 Padana Superiore No. 8 24040 Fornovo San Giovanni BG Italy

Other names

  • -
  • 2-PROPENOIC ACID, ETHYL ESTER
  • acrilato de etilo
  • Ethyl 2-propenoate
  • ETHYL ACRYLATE
  • Ethyl Acrylate (EA)
  • Ethyl Acrylate (stabilized with MEHQ)
  • ethyl acylate
  • Ethyl prop-2-enoate
  • Ethyl propenoate
  • Ethyl-prop-2-enoate
  • Ethylacrylat
  • ethylacrylate
  • Norsocryl AE
  • 2-Propenoic Acid Ethyl Ester
  • 2-Propenoic acid, ethyl ester
  • 2-Propenoic acid, ethyl ester (9CI)
  • Acrylate d'éthyle
  • Acrylic acid ethyl ester (6CI, 8CI)
  • Acrylic acid ethyl ester; EA; Ethoxycarbonylethylene Ethyl Acrylate Monomer
  • EA
  • Ethoxycarbonylethylene
  • Ethyl 2-Propenoate
  • Ethyl Acrylate
  • Ethyl Acrylate Monomer
  • Ethyl acrylic ester
  • ethyl prop-2-enoate
  • Ethyl Propenoate
  • Ethylacrylat

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%) [1]
C Odour
Pungent (100%) [1]
C Substance type
Organic (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 3
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Melting / freezing point
-71.2 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 3
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Boiling point

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Boiling point
99.8 °C @ 101.3 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 4
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Density

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Density
0.92 g/cm³ @ 20 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Vapour pressure
40 hPa @ 20.9 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 4
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Log Pow
1.18 @ 25 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1 1
Weight of evidence
Other 1 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Water solubility

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
20 g/L @ 20 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 3
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Surface tension

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flash point

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Flash point
9 °C @ 101.325 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 3
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Autoflammability / self-ignition
372 °C @ 101.325 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flammability

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Highly flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oxidising
No (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Viscosity

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R dynamic viscosity (in mPa s)
0.535 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1 1
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Dissipation half life (DT50)
35.4 h [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2 6
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 13 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Readily biodegradable (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 12
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Biodegradation in water
Readily biodegradable (100%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 3 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Koc at 20°C
42.2

Henrys law constant (H)

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R H - (pressure) m³/mol
12.5 Pa m³/mol @ 25 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1 1
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Henry's law constant
12.5 Pa.m³.mol-1 @ 20 °C

Distribution modelling

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
% Distribution in Media:
R Air 87.5 - 95 % [2]
R Water 4.6 - 12.4 % [2]
R Soil 0.01 % [1]
R Sediment 0.02 % [1]
R Suspended sediment 0 % [1]
R Biota 0 % [1]
R Aerosol 0 % [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers

No summary exists for this scientific endpoint

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 2.72 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) 11 µg/L (1)
Marine water 270 ng/L (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 10 mg/L (1)
Sediment (freshwater) 21.3 µg/kg sediment dw (1)
Sediment (marine water) 21.3 µg/kg sediment dw (1)
Hazard for Air
Air -
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 1 mg/kg soil dw (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning 10 mg/kg food (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 13 studies submitted
  • 9 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 1.1 - 56.2 mg/L [11]
LC0 (4 days) 890 - 46 400 µg/L [6]
LC100 (4 days) 3.32 - 68.1 mg/L [4]
NOEC (4 days) 381 - 3 800 µg/L [7]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 9
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 4
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
LC50 for freshwater fish
4.6 mg/L
LC50 for marine water fish
2 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 1.3 - 19 mg/L [6]
LC50 (4 days) 1.6 mg/L [1]
EC0 (48 h) 700 - 12 500 µg/L [5]
LC0 (4 days) 990 µg/L [1]
EC100 (48 h) 2.8 - 50 mg/L [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater invertebrates
7.9 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (21 days) 136 - 457 µg/L [3]
LOEC (21 days) 450 - 1 226 µg/L [3]
EC50 (21 days) 500 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (4 days) 2.65 - 11 mg/L [4]
EC50 (72 h) 1.71 - 14.6 mg/L [9]
NOEC (4 days) 1.8 - 3.8 mg/L [2]
NOEC (72 h) 450 - 3 850 µg/L [3]
LOEC (72 h) 900 - 7 700 µg/L [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for freshwater algae
4.5 mg/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC10 (72 h) 100 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 4
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 or NOEC for microorganisms
100 mg/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (28 days) 1 g/kg soil dw [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 21 mg/m³ irritation (respiratory tract)
Acute /short term: - -
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 920 µg/cm² sensitisation (skin)
EYE Exposure
-
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 2.5 mg/m³ irritation (respiratory tract)
Acute /short term: - -
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 920 µg/cm² sensitisation (skin)
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
EYE Exposure
-

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 17 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence
Other 9
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 13 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 1 120 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Harmful [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 10
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 16 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 h) 9.137 mg/L air (rat) [1]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence
Other 9
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 3 049 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Practically nontoxic [1]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 9
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 5
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 7
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: eye
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 7
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
Adverse effect observed (sensitising)

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 18 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 55 mg/kg bw/day [1]
LOAEL (rat): 20 - 110 mg/kg bw/day [2]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 15
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 13 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEC (rat): 20 - 100 mg/m³ air [3]
NOAEC (mouse): 20 - 100 mg/m³ air [2]
LOAEC (rat): 100 - 310 mg/m³ air [3]
LOAEC (mouse): 100 - 310 mg/m³ air [2]

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 8
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 31 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 6
Other 21
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 16 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 13
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: developmental
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant