Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

  • EC / List name: Ethylenediamine
  • IUPAC name: ethane-1,2-diamine
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
203-468-6
CAS no.:
107-15-3
Index number:
612-006-00-6
Molecular formula:
C2H8N2
SMILES:
NCCN
InChI:
InChI=1S/C2H8N2/c3-1-2-4/h1-4H2
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Organic
Registered compositions:
17
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (CLP00) approved by the European Union, this substance causes severe skin burns and eye damage, is a flammable liquid and vapour, is harmful if swallowed, is harmful in contact with skin, may cause an allergic skin reaction and may cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations identifies that this substance is toxic in contact with skin, is harmful if inhaled and is harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications identifies that this substance causes serious eye damage.

Breakdown of all 1484 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Flam. Liq. 3 H226 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 4 H302 Harmonised Classification
Skin Corr. 1B H314 Harmonised Classification
Resp. Sens. 1 H334 Harmonised Classification
Skin Sens. 1 H317 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 4 H312 Harmonised Classification
Aquatic Chronic 3 H412
Eye Dam. 1 H318
Acute Tox. 3 H311
Acute Tox. 4 H332
Skin Sens. 1B H317
Resp. Sens. 1B H334
STOT RE 2 H373
Acute Tox. 4 H331
Acute Tox. 3 H312
https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/more.png 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

  • Ss
  • Sr

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 35 active registrations under REACH, 2 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Substance of very high concern (SVHC) and included in the candidate list for authorisation.
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 10 000+ tonnes per year.

This substance is used by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or into which articles the substance might have been processed.

This substance is used in the following products: adhesives and sealants, coating products, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay and pH regulators and water treatment products.

This substance is used in the following areas: municipal supply (e.g. electricity, steam, gas, water) and sewage treatment, health services and scientific research and development.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: roller or brushing applications, non-industrial spraying, transfer of chemicals, mixing in open batch processes, high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding), treatment of articles by dipping and pouring, heat / pressure transfer fluids in closed systems, production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation and hand mixing with intimate contact only with personal protective equipment available.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters), outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids) and outdoor use resulting in inclusion into or onto a materials (e.g. binding agent in paints and coatings or adhesives).

This substance is used in the following products: fuels. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of substance into small containers, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, mixing in open batch processes and laboratory work.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures.

This substance is used in the following products: pH regulators and water treatment products, adhesives and sealants, coating products, heat transfer fluids and hydraulic fluids. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following areas: municipal supply (e.g. electricity, steam, gas, water) and sewage treatment, health services and scientific research and development. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, laboratory work, roller or brushing applications, treatment of articles by dipping and pouring and high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), in processing aids at industrial sites, for thermoplastic manufacture, of substances in closed systems with minimal release and in the production of articles.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, laboratory work, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation and batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

General statements

If medical advice is needed, have product container or label at hand. Keep out of reach of children.

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: do not breathe the dust, fume, gas, mist, vapours or spray; keep away from heat, sparks, open flames and/or hot surfaces – No smoking; avoid release to the environment; wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier.

Response statements

In case of incident: Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. If exposed or concerned: get medical advice/attention. If on skin (or hair): take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water or shower. If inhaled: remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Immediately call a poison center or doctor/physician. If swallowed: rinse mouth. Do not induce vomiting. If in eyes: rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do – continue rinsing.

Storage statements

Store this substance in a well-ventilated place and Keeping it cool; locked up.

Disposal statements

The substance must be disposed in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulation.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • 3M Belgium BVBA/SPRL, Hermeslaan 7 1831 Diegem Belgium
  • BASF Antwerpen N.V., Haven 725, Scheldelaan 600 2040 Antwerpen 4 Antwerpen Belgium
  • BASF SE, Carl-Bosch-Str. 38 67056 Ludwigshafen am Rhein Rheinland-Pfalz Germany
  • Bayer AG, Kaiser-Wilhelm-Allee 51373 Leverkusen Germany
  • Cardolite Specialty Chemicals Europe NV, Wijmenstraat 21 K bus 2 B-9030 Mariakerke (Gent) Belgium
  • Cardolite Specialty Chemicals Europe NV (OR for IXE), Wijmenstraat 21 K bus 2 B-9030 Mariakerke (Gent) Belgium
  • Cardolite Specialty Chemicals Europe NV (OR for ZUH), Wijmenstraat 21 K bus 2 B-9030 Mariakerke (Gent) Belgium
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • Covestro Deutschland AG, Kaiser-Wilhelm-Allee 60 51373 Leverkusen Germany
  • CS Regulatory Ltd 1L-12, The Old Courthouse St Peters Churchyard DE1 1NN Derby Derbyshire United Kingdom
  • CS Regulatory Ltd 1L-26, The Old Courthouse St Peters Churchyard DE1 1NN Derby United Kingdom
  • Delamine B.V., Stationsplein 121 P.O. Box 473 3800 AL Amersfoort Netherlands
  • DOW AGROSCIENCES B.V. (BE), Sneeuwbeslaan 20 – bus 10 2610 Wilrijk Belgium
  • DOW AGROSCIENCES LIMITED, CPC2 Capital Park, Fulbourn Cambridge CB21 5XE Cambridgeshire United Kingdom
  • DOW BENELUX B.V., Postbus 48 4530 AA Terneuzen Netherlands
  • DOW BENELUX B.V. - OR2, Postbus 48 4530 AA Terneuzen Netherlands
  • DOW BENELUX B.V. OR -30, Postbus 48 4530 AA Terneuzen Netherlands
  • Henkel Global Supply Chain B.V., Gustav Mahlerlaan 2970 1081 LA Amsterdam Netherlands
  • Hexion B.V., Seattleweg 17, building 4 3195 ND Pernis-Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Huntsman Advanced Materials (Europe) BVBA, Everslaan 45 B-3078 Everberg Belgium
  • HUNTSMAN HOLLAND BV, Merseyweg 10 3197 KG Botlek-Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Infineum Italia, Strada di Scorrimento 2 17047 Vado Ligure (SV) Italy
  • Infineum Italia, Strada di Scorrimento 2 17047 Vado Ligure (SV) Italy
  • Infineum Italia, Strada di Scorrimento 2 17047 Vado Ligure (SV) Italy
  • Lawter BVBA, Haven 1520 Ketenislaan 1 B-9130 Kallo East Flanders Belgium
  • MHM Holding GmbH, Feldkirchener Straße 15 D-85551 Kirchheim Germany
  • Momentive Performance Materials GmbH, Chempark Building V7 51368 Leverkusen NRW Germany
  • Nalco Europe B.V., Oude Rhijnhofweg 17 2342 BB Oegstgeest Netherlands
  • Nalco Limited, P.O. Box 11, Winnington Avenue, CW8 4DX Northwich, Cheshire United Kingdom
  • Nouryon Functional Chemicals AB, Stenunge Allé 3 - SE-444 85 Stenungsund - Sweden
  • SI Group-Béthune S.A.S., 1111 Avenue George Washington Boite Postale 237 62404 Cedex Béthune France
  • SIGMA-ALDRICH CHEMIE GMBH, Riedstrasse 2 89555 Steinheim Germany
  • SUEZ Water Technologies & Solutions Belgium BVBA, Toekomstlaan 54 2200 Herentals Belgium
  • SUEZ WTS France, Tour CB21 16 Place de l’Iris 92040 Paris La Défense France
  • Clariant Produkte (Deutschland) GmbH, Am Unisys-Park 1 65843 Sulzbach am Taunus Germany
  • Lanxess Deutschland GmbH, Kennedyplatz 1 50569 Köln Germany

Other names

  • -
  • 1,2,-Diaminoethane
  • 1,2-Diaminoethane
  • 1,2-Diaminoethane, 1,2-Ethanediamine
  • 1,2-Ethanediamine
  • 20193_107-15-3
  • Diaminoethane
  • Ethane-1,2-diamine
  • Ethylendiamin
  • Ethylene diamine
  • Ethylenediamine
  • Ethylenediamine (EDA) - OR30
  • ethylenediamine 1,2-diaminoethane
  • Ethylenediamine Anhydrous
  • ethylenediamine; 1,2-diaminoethane
  • 1,2-diaminoethane (EDA)
  • Ethylenediamine
  • Ethylenediamine (EDA)
  • EDA
  • Ethylenediamine
  • ETHYLENEDIAMINE (EDA)
  • ETHYLENEDIAMINE.

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%) [1]
C Odour
Ammonia-like (100%) [1]
C Substance type
Organic (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Melting / freezing point
11.1 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
11 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Boiling point
117.1 °C @ 101.325 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
117 °C

Density

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Density
0.897 g/cm³ @ 20 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Relative density at 20°C
0.897

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Vapour pressure
12.458 - 13.3 hPa @ 20 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Vapour pressure
13 hPa @ 20 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Log Pow
-7.02 - -1.62 @ 25 °C and pH 4 - 12 [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Log Kow (Log Pow)
-1.6 @ 20 °C

Water solubility

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
1 000 g/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Water solubility
1 000 g/L @ 20 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flash point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Flash point
38 - 42 °C @ 101.325 kPa [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flash point at 101 325 Pa
37.85 °C

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Autoflammability / self-ignition
405 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Autoflammability / self-ignition at 101 325 Pa
384.85 °C

Flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oxidising
No (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Dissociating properties
Yes (100%) [1]
R Dissociation constant
7.23 - 10.18 @ 25 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Viscosity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R dynamic viscosity (in mPa s)
1.265 - 1.725 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Dynamic viscosity at 20 °C
1.265 mPa.s

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Dissipation half life (DT50)
6.076 h [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Half life in air
6 h

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Phototransformation in water

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in soil

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Readily biodegradable (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Biodegradation in water
Readily biodegradable (100%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Koc at 20°C
4 766

Henrys law constant (H)

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Henry's law constant
0.6 Pa.m³.mol-1 @ 25 °C

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 16 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) 167 µg/L (1)
Marine water 2 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 500 µg/L (1)
Sediment (freshwater) 7.68 mg/kg sediment dw (1)
Sediment (marine water) 768 µg/kg sediment dw (1)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 4.36 mg/kg soil dw (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning 4.9 mg/kg food (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 640 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 7
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
LC50 for freshwater fish
640 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (28 days) 10 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC for freshwater fish
10 mg/L

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 16.7 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 3
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater invertebrates
16.7 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (21 days) 160 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC for freshwater invertebrates
160 µg/L

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 71 - 645 mg/L [2]
NOEC (72 h) 3.2 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for freshwater algae
645 mg/L
EC10 or NOEC for freshwater algae
3.2 mg/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (2 h) 3.2 mg/L [1]
EC10 (2 h) 500 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for microorganisms
3.2 mg/L
EC10 or NOEC for microorganisms
500 µg/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 25 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: Medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Local Effects
Long-term: Medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Medium hazard (no threshold derived)
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 3.6 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No DNEL required: short term exposure controlled by conditions for long-term
Local Effects
Long-term: Medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Medium hazard (no threshold derived)
EYE Exposure
Medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 12.5 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 275 µg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Bioaccumulation potential:
Low bioaccumulation potential

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 841 - 893 mg/kg bw (rat) [3]
M/CInterpretations of results
Toxicity Category IV [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (8 h) 7.35 mg/L air (rat) [1]
LC50 (4 h) 14.7 mg/L air (rat) [1]
LC0 (8 h) 4.9 mg/L air (rat) [1]
LC100 (8 h) 9.8 mg/L air (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Toxicity Category IV [1]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 560 mg/kg bw (rabbit) [1]
approx. LD50 1 520 mg/kg bw (rabbit) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Toxicity Category III [1]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route:
Adverse effect observed LD50 866 mg/kg bw
Inhalation route:
Adverse effect observed LC50 14 700 mg/m³
Dermal route:
Adverse effect observed LD50 560 mg/kg bw

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: eye
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
Adverse effect observed (corrosive)
Eye
Adverse effect observed (irritating)
Respiratory
No study available

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
Adverse effect observed (sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
Adverse effect observed (sensitising)

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 22 mg/kg bw/day [1]
LOAEL (rat): 114 mg/kg bw/day [1]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 48 mg/kg bw/day (actual dose received) [1]
LOAEL (rat): 107 mg/kg bw/day (actual dose received) [1]
NOAEC (rat): 144 mg/m³ air [1]
NOAEC (rat): 59 ppm [1]
LOAEC (rat): 323 mg/m³ air [1]

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (mouse): 8.3 mg/kg bw/day [1]

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route - systemic effects:
Adverse effect observed NOAEL 22 mg/kg bw/day (subchronic, rat)
Dermal route - systemic effects:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 8 mg/kg bw/day (chronic, mouse)
Inhalation route - systemic effects:
Adverse effect observed NOAEC 144 mg/m³ (subacute, rat)

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 7
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Toxicity - InVivo
No adverse effect observed (negative)

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 159 mg/kg bw/day (chronic, rat)
Dermal route:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 8 mg/kg bw/day (chronic, mouse)

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: developmental
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Effect on fertility
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 500 mg/kg bw/day (subchronic, rat)
Effect on developmental toxicity
Oral route:
Adverse effect observed NOAEL 250 mg/kg bw/day (subacute, rat)

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant