Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

  • EC / List name: -
  • IUPAC name: 3,6-bis({[1,1'-biphenyl]-4-yl})-1H,2H,4H,5H-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-1,4-dione
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
413-920-6
CAS no.:
-
Index number:
Molecular formula:
C30H20N2O2
SMILES:
O=C1NC(=C2C(=O)NC(=C12)C1=CC=C(C=C1)C1=CC=CC=C1)C1=CC=C(C=C1)C1=CC=CC=C1
InChI:
InChI=1S/C30H20N2O2/c33-29-25-26(28(32-29)24-17-13-22(14-18-24)20-9-5-2-6-10-20)30(34)31-27(25)23-15-11-21(12-16-23)19-7-3-1-4-8-19/h1-18H,(H,31,34)(H,32,33)
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Organic
Registered compositions:
6
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
ELINCS (European LIst of Notified Chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

According to the notifications provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations no hazards have been classified.
According to the majority of notifications provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications no hazards have been classified.

Breakdown of all 176 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Not Classified
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 5 active registrations under REACH, 0 Joint Submission(s) and 5 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:
Nanomaterials in the EU Market

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 100+ tonnes per year.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing and at industrial sites.

This substance is used in the following products: coating products, finger paints, inks and toners, polymers and fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use, outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures and in the production of articles. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials), indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment), indoor use and outdoor use resulting in inclusion into or onto a materials (e.g. binding agent in paints and coatings or adhesives).

This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: vehicles. This substance can be found in products with material based on: wood (e.g. floors, furniture, toys), metal (e.g. cutlery, pots, toys, jewellery), plastic (e.g. food packaging and storage, toys, mobile phones), paper (e.g. tissues, feminine hygiene products, nappies, books, magazines, wallpaper), rubber (e.g. tyres, shoes, toys) and paper used for articles with intense direct dermal (skin) contact during normal use such as printed articles (e.g. newspapers, books, magazines, printed photographs).

This substance is used in the following products: coating products, adhesives and sealants, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, finger paints, inks and toners and polymers. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used for the manufacture of: rubber products and plastic products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: roller or brushing applications, the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, transfer of chemicals, non-industrial spraying, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, mixing in open batch processes, hand mixing with intimate contact only with personal protective equipment available, high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding) and hot work operations with metals (e.g. welding, soldering, gouging, brazing, flame cutting).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation in materials and in the production of articles. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use, outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance is used in the following products: polymers, biocides (e.g. disinfectants, pest control products), coating products, inks and toners, leather treatment products, plant protection products and textile treatment products and dyes.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of chemicals, transfer of substance into small containers, mixing in open batch processes, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure and production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, formulation in materials and in the production of articles. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance is used in the following products: polymers, coating products, inks and toners, adhesives and sealants, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay and finger paints. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging and building & construction work. This substance is used for the manufacture of: plastic products, rubber products, pulp, paper and paper products and machinery and vehicles.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, mixing in open batch processes, transfer of substance into small containers, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding), roller or brushing applications, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation and treatment of articles by dipping and pouring.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles, formulation in materials, formulation of mixtures and manufacturing of the substance. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials), indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment), indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners) and outdoor use.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no data from registration dossiers on the precautionary measures for using this substance. Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • BASF Colors & Effects GmbH, An der Rheinschanze 1 67059 Ludwigshafen Germany
  • CINIC Chemicals Europe Sárl, 9 Croisée Des Lys 68300 Saint Louis France
  • Heubach Research Centre s. r. o., S. K. Neumanna 1316 53207 Pardubice Czech Republic
  • Sudarshan Europe B.V., Kingsfordweg 151 1043 GR Amsterdam Noord-Holland Netherlands
  • Thomas Swan & Co. Ltd., Rotary Way DH8 7ND Consett Co. Durham United Kingdom
  • BASF Lampertheim GmbH OR04, Chemiestrasse 21 68623 Lampertheim Germany

Other names

  • 3,6-bis({[1,1'-biphenyl]-4-yl})-1H,2H,4H,5H-pyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-1,4-dione
  • 3,6-Bis-biphenyl-4-yl-2,5-dihydro-pyrrolo[3,4-c]-pyrrole-1,4-dione
  • 3,6-bis-biphenyl-4-yl-2,5-dihydropyrrolo[3,4-c]pyrrole-1,4-dione
  • C.I. Pigment Red 264
  • IRGAZIN DPP RUBINE TR
  • Pigment Red 264
  • -
  • IRGAZIN DPP ROT 4013A
  • CASACOLOUR RED 2640
  • IRGAZIN DPP ROT 4013A
  • IRGAZIN DPP RUBINE TR

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [5]
C Form
Powder (60%), Not specified (40%) [5]
C Odour
Odourless (67%), Faint (33%) [3]
C Substance type
Organic (100%) [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3 2
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Boiling point

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 4
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Density

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
R Density
1.41 g/cm³ @ 20 °C [2]
R Relative density
1.4 @ 20 °C [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
Relative density at 20°C
1.4 - 1.41

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 5
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 7 studies processed
R Log Pow
0.7 - 5.3 @ 20 - 25 °C and pH 7 [9]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 2
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Log Kow (Log Pow)
0.7 @ 20 °C

Water solubility

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
50 - 400 µg/L @ 20 - 25 °C and pH 7 [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Surface tension

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Surface tension
72.7 mN/m @ 400 µg/L and 20 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Surface tension at 20 °C
72 mN/m

Flash point

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 4
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flammability

Study results
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
Non flammable (100%) [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 4
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
Flammability
Non flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
Non-explosive (100%) [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
Oxidising
No (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Viscosity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Data not provided by the registrant

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 3
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
Under test conditions no biodegradation observed (100%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
Biodegradation in water
Under test conditions no biodegradation observed (100%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Bioaccumulation Factor (BCF) - dimensionless
6.3

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Koc at 20°C
6.818

Henrys law constant (H)

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater No data: aquatic toxicity unlikely (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) No data: aquatic toxicity unlikely (1)
Marine water No data: aquatic toxicity unlikely (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) No data: aquatic toxicity unlikely (1)
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 1 - 10 mg/L (3)
Sediment (freshwater) Insufficient data available (further information necessary) (1)
Sediment (marine water) Insufficient data available (further information necessary) (1)
Hazard for Air
Air -
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 1 mg/kg soil dw (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning No potential for bioaccumulation (2)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 100 mg/L [3]
LC50 (72 h) 100 mg/L [1]
LC50 (48 h) 100 mg/L [1]
LC50 (24 h) 100 mg/L [1]
NOEC (4 days) 100 mg/L [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
LC50 for freshwater fish
100 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 100 mg/L [4]
EC50 (24 h) 100 mg/L [2]
NOEC (48 h) 45 - 100 mg/L [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater invertebrates
100 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (21 days) 20 - 100 000 µg/L [8]
LOEC (21 days) 100 mg/L [5]
EC50 (21 days) 100 mg/L [2]
LC50 (21 days) 100 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 100 - 100 000 µg/L [8]
NOEC (72 h) 100 - 3 200 µg/L [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (30 min) 100.1 mg/L [1]
IC50 (30 min) 100 mg/L [1]
NOEC (3 h) 100 mg/L [1]
NOEC (30 min) 100 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for microorganisms
100 mg/L
EC10 or NOEC for microorganisms
100 mg/L

Sediment toxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (14 days) 1 g/kg soil dw [2]
LC0 (14 days) 1 g/kg soil dw [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EC0 (15 days) 1 g/kg soil dw [2]
EC100 (15 days) 1 g/kg soil dw [2]
LC0 (15 days) 1 g/kg soil dw [2]
LC100 (15 days) 1 g/kg soil dw [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to birds

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 11.75 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary)
Local Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary)
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary)
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 6.672 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary)
Local Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary)
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 2.9 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary)
Local Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary)
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary)
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 3.33 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary)
Local Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary)
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 1.67 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Bioaccumulation potential:
No bioaccumulation potential

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [3]
LD0 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [2]
M/CInterpretations of results
Practically nontoxic [2]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 h) 2.25 mg/L air (rat) [2]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
dermal
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]
LD0 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [2]
M/CInterpretations of results
Practically nontoxic [2]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: eye
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
Skin
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Eye
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Respiratory
No study available

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 1 000 mg/kg bw/day [1]
NOEL (rat): 200 - 1 000 mg/kg bw/day [3]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Study data: inhalation
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route - systemic effects:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 1 000 mg/kg bw/day (subacute, rat)

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 12 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 9
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: in vivo
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 3
Study data: developmental
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant