Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

EC / List no.:
273-796-2
CAS no.:
69029-52-3
Index number:
Molecular formula:
Cu3O3PbSbSnZn
SMILES:
[O--].[O--].[O--].[Cu].[Cu].[Cu].[Zn++].[Sn+4].[Sb].[Pb]
InChI:
InChI=1S/3Cu.3O.Pb.Sb.Sn.Zn/q;;;3*-2;;;+4;+2
Type of substance:
UVCB
Origin:
Inorganic
Registered compositions:
22
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (CLP00) approved by the European Union, this substance may damage the unborn child and is suspected of damaging fertility, is very toxic to aquatic life, is very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects, is harmful if swallowed, is harmful if inhaled and may cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations identifies that this substance is fatal if swallowed, causes severe skin burns and eye damage, is toxic if inhaled, may cause cancer, may damage fertility or the unborn child, causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure, causes serious eye damage, is suspected of causing genetic defects, may cause harm to breast-fed children and may cause an allergic skin reaction.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications identifies that this substance is toxic if swallowed, may cause genetic defects and causes skin irritation.

Breakdown of all 18 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Acute Tox. 3 H331
Carc. 1A H350
Repr. 1A H360Df Harmonised Classification
Aquatic Acute 1 H400 Harmonised Classification
Aquatic Chronic 1 H410 Harmonised Classification
Eye Dam. 1 H318
Acute Tox. 2 H300
Skin Corr. 1B H314
STOT RE 1 H372
Muta. 2 H341
Lact. H362
Skin Sens. 1B H317
Acute Tox. 3 H301
Muta. 1B H340
STOT RE 2 H373 Harmonised Classification
https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/more.png 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

  • C
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Carcinogenic (100% of REACH registrations).
  • R
Officially recognised in the EU as Toxic to Reproduction (Harmonised C&L).
  • R
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Toxic to Reproduction (100% of REACH registrations).
  • Ss
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Skin sensitising (100% of REACH registrations).

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 17 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 1 000 - 10 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or into which articles the substance might have been processed.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the types of manufacture using this substance.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used for the manufacture of: metals.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), open transfer and processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature, transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities, handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders), closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), open transfer and processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature, handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders), closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

ECHA has no data from registration dossiers on the precautionary measures for using this substance. Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • Aurubis AG, Hovestrasse 50 20539 Hamburg Hamburg Germany
  • BMG Metall und Recycling GmbH, Postfach 6 A-9601 Arnoldstein Austria
  • Boliden Mineral AB, Rönnskärsverken 93281 Skelleftehamn Sweden
  • Campine Recycling nv, Nijverheidsstraat 2 2340 Beerse Belgium
  • Clarios Recycling GmbH, Am Leineufer 51 30419 Hannover Germany
  • Ecometal, Kesk 2/26 40231 Sillamäe Estonia
  • Exide Technologies Recycling II, Lda, Estrada Nacional n.º3, Km6,5 Vila Nova da Rainha 2050-306 Azambuja Lisboa Portugal
  • Exide Technologies Recycling, S.L., Ronda de D'alt, s/n. 17.164 Bonmatí (Girona) Spain
  • Exide Technologies, S.L., Ctra. Nacional II km 41,8 19.200 Azuqueca de Henares Guadalajara Spain
  • Jean Goldschmidt International, Place de l'Albertine 2 1000 Bruxelles Belgium
  • Kovohutě Příbram nástupnická, a. s., Příbram VI č.p. 530 26181 Příbram Středočeský kraj Czech Republic
  • Metallo Belgium NV, Nieuwe Dreef 33 B-2340 Beerse Antwerp Belgium
  • MPI Reciklaza d.o.o., Žerjav 79 2393 Črna na Koroškem Slovenia
  • Portovesme s.r.l., S.P. n. 2 Carbonia-Portoscuso km 16.5 09010 Portoscuso Carbonia-Iglesias Italy
  • Umicore NV/SA, Rue du Marais 31 1000 Brussels Belgium
  • Uzimet BV, Delftweg 62 2289 BA Rijswijk Netherlands
  • Weser-Metall GmbH, Johannastrasse 2 26954 Nordenham Germany
  • Azor Ambiental S.A., Ctra. Madrid Km.387 Pol. Ind. La Polvorista 30500 Molina de Segura Murcia Spain
  • Berzelius Stolberg GmbH, Binsfeldhammer 14 52224 Stolberg Germany
  • Boliden Bergsöe AB, Gasverksgatan S-26122 Landskrona Sweden
  • Britannia Refined Metals Ltd., Botany Road Northfleet DA11 9BG Gravesend Kent United Kingdom
  • Envirowales Limited, Plateaux 1 & 2 Rassau Industrial Estate NP23 5SD Ebbw Vale Gwent United Kingdom
  • Feinhütte Halsbrücke GmbH, Krummenhennersdorfer Str. 2 09633 Halsbrücke Germany
  • KCM S.A., Assenovgradsko shosse 4009 Plovdiv Bulgaria
  • KGHM Polska Miedz S.A., ul. M. Skłodowskiej-Curie 48 59-301 Lubin Poland

Substance names and other identifiers

Copper dross (lead refinery)
Other
Decopperizing dross (Secondary nonferrous plant)
Other
Lead dross
Other
Lead kettle dross (Secondary nonferrous plant)
Other
Lead refinery copper dross
Other
Lead refinery pyrite dross
Other
Lead refining caustic dross
Other
Lead smelter copper dross
Other
Lead smelter dross
Other
Lead smelter lead dross
Other
Lead, dross
EC Inventory, REACH pre-registration, Other
Smelter dross (Lead)
Other
Test lead dross
Other
Not assigned.
Registration dossier
tin(4+) zinc(2+) antimony tricopper lead trioxidandiide
Other
69029-52-3
CAS number
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, Registration dossier, REACH pre-registration, Other

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [1]
C Form
Pellets (33%), Powder (33%), Other (33%) [3]
C Odour
Odourless (100%) [1]
C Substance type
Inorganic (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
321 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
321 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Density

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Relative density
5.78 @ 20 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Relative density at 20°C
5.78

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Water solubility

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
200 - 4 530 000 µg/L @ 20 °C and pH 13.25 - 13.33 [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flash point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flammability

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 4
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidising

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Viscosity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Data not provided by the registrant

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 15 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
Bioaccumulation Factor (BCF) - L/kg ww
270 - 1 000 L/kg ww

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 8 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 21 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Henrys law constant (H)

Data not provided by the registrant

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 24 summaries submitted
  • 23 summaries processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 40 - 113 000 ng/L (22)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) 0 - 57 900 ng/L (8)
Marine water 579 - 11 300 ng/L (22)
Intermittent releases (marine water) 0 ng/L (4)
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 20 - 100 000 µg/L (22)
Sediment (freshwater) 1.8 - 438.13 mg/kg sediment dw (21)
Sediment (marine water) 340 - 676 000 µg/kg sediment dw (21)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (23)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 100 - 212 000 µg/kg soil dw (21)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning 120 - 10 900 µg/kg food (10)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (4 days) 1 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (28 days) 100 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 1 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (21 days) 100 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 1 mg/L [2]
EC10 (72 h) 100 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 25 summaries submitted
  • 24 summaries processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 5 µg/m³ carcinogenicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 104 mg/m³ acute toxicity
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 4 µg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 800 µg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 112 µg/kg bw/day carcinogenicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 273 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 440 ng/cm² sensitisation (skin)
Acute /short term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
EYE Exposure
High hazard (no threshold derived)
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 60 ng/m³ developmental toxicity / teratogenicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 8.8 mg/m³ acute toxicity
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 60 ng/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 60 µg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 2.1 µg/kg bw/day -
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 273 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 35 µg/cm² sensitisation (skin)
Acute /short term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 1 µg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 12 µg/kg bw/day sensitisation (skin)
EYE Exposure
High hazard (no threshold derived)

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
M/CInterpretations of results
Category 2 based on GHS criteria [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
M/CInterpretations of results
Category 4 based on GHS criteria [1]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
M/CInterpretations of results
Other [1]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: eye
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
Adverse effect observed (corrosive)
Eye
Adverse effect observed (irritating)

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: respiratory
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: developmental
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant