Brief Profile

Diss Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

  • EC / List name:
  • IUPAC name: Aqueous alkaline solution of sodium salts produced by dissolving melt from incineration of spent liquor from sodium based pulping processes.
  • Substance names and other identifiers
EC / List no.:
268-612-2
CAS no.:
68131-30-6
Index number:
Molecular formula:
HNa3OS
SMILES:
[OH-].[Na+].[Na+].[Na+].[S--]
InChI:
InChI=1S/3Na.H2O.S/h;;;1H2;/q3*+1;;-2/p-1
Type of substance:
UVCB
Origin:
Inorganic
Registered compositions:
38
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations this substance causes severe skin burns and eye damage, is toxic if swallowed, is toxic in contact with skin, is very toxic to aquatic life and may be corrosive to metals.

Breakdown of all 393 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Met. Corr. 1 H290
Skin Corr. 1B H314
Aquatic Acute 1 H400
Acute Tox. 3 H311
Acute Tox. 3 H301
Acute Tox. 4 H302
Skin Corr. 1A H314
Acute Tox. 4 H312
Eye Irrit. 2 H319
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

Regulatory context

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 56 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Persistent Organic Pollutants Regulation (POPs)

List of substances subject to the POPs Regulation:
List of substances proposed as POPs:

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
Seveso Annex I:
Notified C&L:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is registered under the REACH Regulation and is manufactured in and / or imported to the European Economic Area, at ≥ 1 000 000 to < 10 000 000 tonnes per annum.

This substance is used at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or into which articles the substance might have been processed.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the types of manufacture using this substance.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

This substance is used in the following products: water treatment chemicals. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used for the manufacture of: pulp, paper and paper products and metals.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities and closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates) and as processing aid.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities and laboratory work.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance and as processing aid.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: do not breathe the dust, fume, gas, mist, vapours or spray; use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area; do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product; avoid release to the environment; wash parts of the body (as specified by manufacturer/supplier)in contact with substance thoroughly after handling; wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier.

Response statements

In case of incident: Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. If on skin (or hair): take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water or shower. If inhaled: remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Immediately call a poison center or doctor/physician. Absorb spillage to prevent material damage. Collect spillage. If swallowed: rinse mouth. Do not induce vomiting. If in eyes: rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do – continue rinsing.

Storage statements

Store this substance in a corrosive resistant container with a resistant inner liner (or in other specified container type).

Disposal statements

The substance must be disposed in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulation.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • Ahlstrom-Munksjö Aspa Bruk AB, Fabriksvägen SE-696 80 Aspabruk Sweden
  • Ahlstrom-Munksjö Paper AB, Billingsfors, Strandvägen 7 660 11 Billingsfors Dalsland Sweden
  • BillerudKorsnäs Skog & Industri Aktiebolag, Korsnäsverken SE 801 81 Gävle Sweden
  • BillerudKorsnäs Sweden AB, Box 703 169 27 Solna Sweden
  • Bukocel, a.s., Hencovska 2073 09302 Hencovce Slovakia
  • Burgo Ardennes, rue de la papeterie, 1 6760 Virton Belgium
  • CELTEJO - Empresa de Celulose do Tejo, SA, Vila Velha de Ródão 6030-223 Vila Velha de Ródão Portugal
  • CELULOSA DE LEVANTE, S.A., C-42 Km 8,5 43500 Tortosa Tarragona Spain
  • Celulosas de Asturias, S.A., Armental s/n 33710 Navia Asturias Spain
  • Celulose Beira Industrial (Celbi), S.A, Leirosa – Marinha das Ondas 3081-853 Figueira da Foz Portugal
  • Domsjö Fabriker, Domsjö Fabriker AB 891 86 Örnsköldsvik Sweden
  • DUNACELL Dunaújvárosi Cellulózgyár Kft., Papírgyári út 42-46. 2400 Dunaújváros Hungary
  • EUROPA&C KRAFT VIANA, S.A., Aptdo. 550 4901-852 Viana do Castelo Portugal
  • Fibre Excellence Provence, Zone Artisanale Chemin des Radoubs 13150 Tarascon France
  • FIBRE EXCELLENCE Saint-Gaudens, rue du président Saragat , BP 149 31803 Saint-Gaudens cedex France
  • GASCOGNE PAPIER, 68 rue de la Papeterie 40200 MIMIZAN FRANCE France
  • Grupo Empresarial ENCE, Paseo de la castellana, 35 1ª Planta 28046 MADRID MADRID Spain
  • Iggesunds Bruk, Brädgårdsgatan 1 SE 82580 Iggesund Hälsingland Sweden
  • International Paper Kwidzyn Sp. z o. o., Lotnicza 1 PL 82-500 Kwidzyn Pomorskie Poland
  • International Paper S.A., Usine de Saillat-sur-Vienne BP 1 - Saillat-sur-Vienne 87206 Saint Junien France
  • Metsä Board Sverige AB, Husums Fabrik 896 80 Husum Sweden
  • Metsä Fibre Oy, Revontulenpuisto 2 P.O.X 30 02100 Espoo Finland
  • MM Kotkamills Absorbex Oy, PL 62 48101 Kotka Finland
  • Mondi Dynäs AB, Mondi Dynäs AB 87381 Väja Ångermanland Sweden
  • Mondi Frantschach GmbH, Frantschach 5 9413 St. Gertraud Carinthia Austria
  • Mondi SCP, a.s., Ružomberok, Tatranská cesta 3 034 17 Ružomberok Slovakia
  • Mondi Stambolijski EAD, Zavodska 1 4210 Stambolijski Bulgaria
  • Mondi Swiecie S.A., Bydgoska1 86-100 Swiecie Kujawsko-Pomorskie Poland
  • Mondi Štětí, a.s., Litoměřická 272 41108 Štětí Czech Republic
  • Navigator Pulp Cacia, Rua Bombeiros da Celulose 3800-536 Cacia Aveiro Portugal
  • Navigator Pulp Figueira, Complexo Industrial da Figueira da Foz, Lavos - Apartado 5 3081-851 Figueira da Foz Portugal
  • Navigator Pulp Setúbal, Apartado 55 - Mitrena 2901-861 Setubal Portugal
  • Nordic Paper Bäckhammar, Bäckhammars Bruk 681 83 Kristinehamn Sweden
  • Papelera Guipuzcoana de Zicuñaga, S.A., Zicuñaga s/n 20120 Hernani Guipuzcoa Spain
  • Peterson Linerboard AS, Verket 22 1501 MOSS Norway
  • SCA Graphic Sundsvall AB, Östrand Pulp mill SE863 36 Timrå Sweden
  • SCA Packaging Munksund AB, Munksundsvägen SE-94187 Piteå Sweden
  • SCA Packaging Obbola AB, Linjevägen 33 SE-913 80 Obbola Sweden
  • Smurfit Kappa Cellulose du Pin, Allée des Fougères Facture 33380 Biganos France
  • Smurfit Kappa Kraftliner, Kolugnsvägen 30 94186 Piteå Sweden Sweden
  • SMURFIT KAPPA NAVARRA S.A., Avda. Raimundo Lumbier s/n 31400 Sangüesa Navarra Spain
  • Smurfit Kappa Nervion, Bº Arriandi s/n 48215 Iurreta Vizcaya Spain
  • Smurfit Kappa Nettingsdorf AG & Co KG, Nettingsdorferstraße 40 4053 Haid / Ansfelden Austria
  • Stora Enso AB, Åsgatan 22 79180 Falun Sweden
  • Stora Enso Oulu Oy, P.O.Box 196 90101 Oulu Finland
  • Stora Enso Oyj, Kanavaranta 1 FI-00160 Helsinki Finland
  • Stora Enso Poland SA, Aleja Wojska Polskiego 21 07-401 Ostroleka Poland
  • Stora Enso Pulp AB, Stora Enso Biomaterials Skutskär Pulp Mill SE-814 81 Skutskär Sweden
  • Stora Enso Veitsiluoto Oy, Veitsiluoto mill 94800 Kemi Finland
  • Södra Skogsägarna ekonomisk förening, Skogsudden SE-35189 Växjö Sweden
  • Torraspapel SA, Llull, 331 08019 Barcelona Spain
  • UPM-Kymmene Oyj, Alvar Aallon katu 1 FI-00100 Helsinki Finland
  • Vallviks Bruk AB, Vallviks Bruk SE-82021 Vallvik Sweden
  • Zellstoff Pöls Aktiengesellschaft, Dr. Luigi-Angeli Straße 9 8761 Pöls Steiermark Austria
  • Zellstoff Stendal GmbH, Goldbecker Straße 1 39596 Arneburg Sachsen-Anhalt Germany
  • Zellstoff- und Papierfabrik Rosenthal GmbH, Hauptstrasse 16 07366 Rosenthal am Rennsteig Germany
  • Södra Cell Tofte AS, Östre Strandvei 52 NO-3482 Tofte Norway

Substance names and other identifiers

Sulfite liquors and Cooking liquors, green
EC Inventory
Sulfite liquors and Cooking liquors, green
A solution obtained by dissolving the chemicals recovered in the alkaline pulping process in water.
REACH pre-registration
Sulfite liquors and Cooking liquors, green
Other
Aqueous alkaline solution of sodium salts produced by dissolving melt from incineration of spent liquor from sodium based pulping processes.
Registration dossier
green liquor
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
Green Liquor
Registration dossier
Sodium salts produced by incineration of spent liquor from sodium based pulping processes
Registration dossier
Sodium salts produced by incineration of spent liquor from sodium based pulping processes.
Registration dossier
Sodium salts produced by incineration of spent liquor from sodium basedpulping processes
Registration dossier
Sulfite liquors and Cooking liquors, green
Registration dossier
Sulphite liquors and Cooking liquors, green
Registration dossier
trisodium hydroxide sulfanediide
Other
Green liquor
Registration dossier
Grünlauge
Registration dossier
68131-30-6
CAS number
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, Registration dossier, REACH pre-registration, Other

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%) [1]
C Form
Other (100%) [1]
C Odour
Characteristic of sulfur-containing compounds (100%) [1]
C Substance type
Other (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Melting / freezing point
-15 - -6.5 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
-15 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Boiling point
105.3 °C @ 99.6 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
105.3 °C

Density

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Relative density
1.15 @ 20 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Relative density at 20°C
1.151

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Vapour pressure
24.25 - 30.73 hPa @ 20 - 25 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Vapour pressure
24.25 hPa @ 20 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Log Pow
1 @ 25 °C and pH 7 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Log Kow (Log Pow)
0 @ 20 °C

Water solubility

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Water solubility
250 g/L @ 20 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flash point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Non flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oxidising
No (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Viscosity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R dynamic viscosity (in mPa s)
2.712 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Dynamic viscosity at 20 °C
2.712 mPa.s

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Henrys law constant (H)

Data not provided by the registrant

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 16 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) 32 µg/L (1)
Marine water 1.6 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 30 mg/L (1)
Sediment (freshwater) No data available: testing technically not feasible (1)
Sediment (marine water) No data available: testing technically not feasible (1)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil Insufficient data available (further information necessary) (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning No potential for bioaccumulation (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (72 h) 9.2 mg/L [1]
LC50 (48 h) 9.2 mg/L [1]
LC50 (24 h) 9.2 mg/L [1]
LC0 (4 days) 9.2 mg/L [1]
LC100 (4 days) 9.2 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 9 - 40 mg/L [2]
EC50 (24 h) 11 - 43 mg/L [2]
EC0 (48 h) 3.1 - 6.2 mg/L [2]
EC0 (24 h) 6.3 - 25 mg/L [2]
EC100 (48 h) 25 - 100 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (21 days) 2.4 mg/L [2]
LOEC (21 days) 4.7 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 208.9 - 1 380.4 mg/L [4]
NOEC (72 h) 71.5 - 331.8 mg/L [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (3 h) 1.7 g/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 73.2 mg/m³ acute toxicity
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 3.2 mg/m³ irritation (respiratory tract)
Acute /short term: - -
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
EYE Exposure
High hazard (no threshold derived)
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Acute /short term: (High hazard (no threshold derived)) -
Local Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Acute /short term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Local Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Acute /short term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Acute /short term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
EYE Exposure
High hazard (no threshold derived)

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 500 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]
LD0 300 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]
LD100 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Toxic [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
inhalation
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
M/CInterpretations of results
Very toxic [1]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route:
Adverse effect observed LD50 500 mg/kg bw

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
Adverse effect observed (corrosive)
Eye
Adverse effect observed (irritating)
Respiratory
Adverse effect observed (irritating)

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Study data: inhalation
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route - systemic effects:
Adverse effect observed LOAEL 80 mg/kg bw/day (subacute, rat)
Inhalation route - systemic effects:
Adverse effect observed NOAEC 14 mg/m³ (subacute, rat)

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: in vivo
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Toxicity - InVivo
No adverse effect observed (negative)

Carcinogenicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 1 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: developmental
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: other studies
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Effect on fertility
Inhalation route:
No adverse effect observed NOAEC 112 mg/m³ (subchronic, rat)

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

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