Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

EC / List no.:
240-383-3
CAS no.:
16291-96-6
Index number:
Molecular formula:
SMILES:
*
InChI:
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance, UVCB
Origin:
Organic
Registered compositions:
99
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

According to the notifications provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations no hazards have been classified.
According to the majority of notifications provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications no hazards have been classified.

Breakdown of all 723 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Not Classified
Flam. Sol. 2 H228
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 320 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 30 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 100 000+ tonnes per year.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is used in the following products: fuels, pH regulators and water treatment products, fertilisers, water treatment chemicals and explosives.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use, indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters) and outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, mixing in open batch processes and non-industrial spraying.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation in materials. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use as reactive substance.

This substance can be found in products with material based on: wood (e.g. floors, furniture, toys).

This substance is used in the following products: fuels, fertilisers, pH regulators and water treatment products, explosives and anti-freeze products.

This substance is used in the following areas: agriculture, forestry and fishing. This substance is used for the manufacture of: food products and furniture.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, transfer of chemicals and non-industrial spraying.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use and indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners).

This substance is used in the following products: fuels, explosives and coating products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, transfer of substance into small containers, mixing in open batch processes, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures and formulation in materials.

This substance is used in the following products: metals. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals and plastic products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, transfer of chemicals, potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, transfer of substance into small containers, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation and mixing in open batch processes.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

ECHA has no data from registration dossiers on the precautionary measures for using this substance. Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • S/B SANIBOYS P.C. , Elis Labeti 53 41222 Larissa Greece
  • "Charcoal" Ltd., Lenin str. No 20 2740 Krupnik Bulgaria
  • "Spirov"OOD, Milin kamak 18,Str. 8800 Sliven Sliven Bulgaria
  • A. & G. SIDERIS P.C., Bariam Aga 34600 Nea Artaki Evoia Greece
  • A. KOUNOUSVELI LTD., Vlichada 19100 Megara Attica Greece
  • A. SIDERIS – TH. GERANTONI IKE, Anatolikis Thrakis 18 57009 Kalochori Thessaloniki Greece
  • A. TSOKA AND SIA OE, 16th KM Marathonos Avenue & Altani 15351 Pallini Attica Greece
  • A.Andreou Trading Ltd, Feidia&Polixenis Diamanti 11 Agios Athanasios 4106 Limassol Cyprus
  • AderentiF.lli G. & A. s.n.c., Via Molino, 9-11 25080 Nuvolento Brescia Italy
  • ADM Energy & Environmental systems sa, 6 Kifisou av. 12242 ATHENS EGALEO Greece
  • AFOI CR. TZIMIKA O.E., - 50200 Ptolemaida Anarraxi Eordeas Greece
  • AFOI IR. MEGA OE, Dimitriou Gounari 21-23 18531 Pireus Attica Greece
  • AFOI PAPAGEORGIOU & SIA OE, 2nd klm Goumenisas - Filirias 61300 Goumenissa Greece
  • AGRIOU INDUSTRIAL, 6-7 ΚΜ RHODOS - LINDOS 851 00 RHODOS RHODOS ISLAND - DODECANESE Greece
  • Agrotikos Dasikos Syneterismos Katalonion, Katalonia 60100 Katalonia Pierias Central Macedonia/Pieria Greece
  • AH WORLD TRADE LTD, Arch. Makarios III, 95, CHARITINI BUILDING, 1st Floor, Office 102 1071 Nicosia Cyprus
  • Ahi OÜ, Kabli küla 86002 Häädemeeste vald Pärnumaa Estonia
  • AIBO-S Ltd, Dr Dobrev 3 4002 Plovdiv Bulgaria
  • AKRON Energie e.K., Zimmerau 1a 94269 Rinchnach Germany
  • ALBI Sp. z o.o., ul.Krzywda 37 30-720 Kraków Poland
  • Aleksandar Nedeljkovic e.U., Freudenauer Hafenstr. 24, Obj. F22 1020 Wien Austria
  • ALEVRAS Μ. Β. Ε.Ε., 24 km N.R. Thessalonikis - Polygyrou 57006 Thessaloniki Vasilika Greece
  • ALEXANDROS KITSAKIS, - 57014 THESSALONIKI STAVROS Greece
  • Alhalabi Feras, Sapfous 50 Kallithea 176 76 Athens Greece
  • Almpanis Antonios, Simia Istiaias 34200 Istiaia Evvoia Greece
  • Alschu Chemie GmbH, Industriestr. 6-8 67368 Westheim Germany
  • Alsimac GmbH, Werver Mark 168 59174 Kamen Germany
  • AMISSOS, Ag. Georgiou & Amfiklias 19400 Koropi Attica Greece
  • Anastasis Antoniou Ltd, Ayias Marinas 16 7505 Troulli Cyprus Cyprus
  • Ancolli Mario & C. s.n.c., Via Tito Speri, 10 25080 Nuvolento Brescia Italy
  • ANTIOCHOS NIKOLAOS, Galazias Aktis & Leoforos Souniou 19010 Kalyvia Attica Greece
  • ANTONIOS KARPOUZIS, STAYROS THESSALONIKIS 57014 THESSALONIKI Greece
  • AS GreenCoal, Turba 3 80010 Pärnu Estonia
  • ASLOGLOU SOFIA, Naxou & Metsovou 21 16674 Glyfada Attica Greece
  • ASOND, SIA, Iesalnieki, Dumpisi LV-5316 Jersikas pag., Livanu nov., Latvia
  • ATLANTICO CASTELLANA SL, Calle Julio Larrañaga, 2 -1ºA 16004 Cuenca Spain
  • AUXILMAT SA/NV, Mastellestraat 40 Mastellestraat 40 3020 Winksele (Herent) Belgium
  • BALTIC EXPORT TEAM, SIA, Duntes iela 15a LV-1005 Riga Latvia
  • BELGIUM CHARCOAL COMPANY B.V.B.A., Sint Medardusstraat 3/3 8940 Wervik Belgium
  • Benedetti Fratelli Di Rinaldo & Franco (snc), Via Santella 6 25080 Nuvolento Brescia Italy
  • BENS CONSULTING, kemijsko svetovanje, d.o.o., Bakovniška 7 1241 Kamnik Slovenia
  • Big K Products UK Ltd, Unit 20 Millmead Industrial Centre Mill Mead Road N17 9QU Tottenham Hale London United Kingdom
  • BIO ENERGY GREEN SRL, contrada vicenne snc 65010 civitaquana abruzzo Italy
  • BIOCARBON Kragiopoulos I & C Co., 7th Km Katerini Thesaloniki 60100 Katerini Greece
  • Biolan Baltic Oü, Mäe 17 87001 Lavassaare, Pärnumaa Estonia
  • Biomassehof Achental GmbH & Co. KG , Eichelreuth 20 83224 Grassau Germany
  • Black Energy, 56-58, Krum Popov str. 1421 Sofia Bulgaria
  • BlackSellig GmbH, Dieselstr. 35 60314 Frankfurt Germany
  • Bodei Angelo & Figli s.n.c. di Bodei Mauro e Fabrizio, Via Berana 18 25080 Serle Brescia Italy
  • Boguedo Productos Naturales del Sur S.L., Calle Travesía del Manantío Nº2, 1º 06129 Zahinos Badajoz Spain
  • Boomex Produktions- u. Handelsges. chemisch-technischer Artikel mbH, Ostuferstr. 4 45356 Essen Germany
  • BRILLO, Evrou 2 14121 Irakleio Attiki Greece
  • BULKARBON EOOD, selo Zhitnitca 4172 Zhitnitca Plovdiv Bulgaria
  • Burkhardt GmbH, Kreutweg 2 92360 Mühlhausen Germany
  • Burtnieks-A, Tujas iela 2 LV-1024 Riga Latvia
  • Bürger Energie St. Peter eG, Jörgleweg 1 79271 Sankt Peter Germany
  • Cabot Norit Nederland B.V., Astronaut 34 3824MJ Amersfoort Netherlands
  • CALLEGARI, Chez Faure 17130 COURPIGNAC France
  • CARBO FRANCE, ecurey 55290 MONTIERS SUR SAULX France
  • Carboexpor, S.L., Ctra. Salamanca, Km. 204 49440 Cañizal (Zamora) Spain
  • Carbol EOOD, 165 blvd. 6th September 4000 Plovdiv Bulgaria
  • Carbon Grill S.R.L., Via Trento, 68 25080 Nuvolento (BS) Brescia Italy
  • Carbonera de Zahinos S.L., Encina 75 06129 Zahinos Badajoz Spain
  • CARBONES Y LEÑAS LOS RIVERA, Dr. Fleming 21 06120 Oliva de la Frontera Badajoz Spain
  • carbonex, lieudit cordelon 10250 GYE SUR SEINE France
  • CARBONITO-KRIKRHS A. NIKOLAOS, MACHAIRAS 30009 MACHAIRAS Aetolia-Acarnania Greece
  • CASHMASTER TRADING CO LTD, Archebishop Kyprianou 2059 Strovolos Nicosia Cyprus
  • CH.I.L.MI. SOLID FUELS - TRADING OF FRAMES E.E., NEA MAGNISIA, FARM 651 N 57005 ECHEDOROU NEA MAGNISIA Greece
  • Charcoaltrade International Oliver Peiseler, Krähwinkeler Weg 23 d 42799 Leichlingen NRW Germany
  • CHEMVIRON FRANCE SAS, 58 Avenue Wagram 75017 Paris île de france France
  • Christine Kübler, Heilsbronner Str. 5 91126 Kammerstein Germany
  • CHRISTOS VOULGARAKIS, 73km Thessaloniki - Kavala 57014 STAVROS Greece
  • Claessons Trätjära AB, Järnmalmsgatan 5 SE-417 07 Göteborg Sweden
  • Compañia intermediadora del Suroeste, Avenida de la Ilustración 12, Parque empresarial 11407 Jerez de la Frontera Cádiz Spain
  • Compañía de Intercambio Mercantíl, S.A., \\\"CIMSA\\\", Desengaño, 12 - 2º, 5 28004 Madrid Spain
  • corchosoliva, Camino del pantano s/n 06120 Oliva de la frontera Badajoz Spain
  • CPL Distribution Limited, Mill Lane Wingerworth S42 6NG Chesterfield Derbyshire United Kingdom
  • CSC Consulting, spol. s r.o., Nad Okrouhlíkem Nr. 17/2365 Nad Okrouhlíkem Nr. 17/2365 182 00 Prague Prague Czech Republic
  • D.A.M. KAPETANIOS TRADING LTD, 2, Aphrodite Street 2480 Nicosia Tseri Cyprus
  • Daito Kasei Europe, 62 Bld Henri Navier Taverparc 95150 Taverny France
  • Dancoal Sp. z o.o., Łozienica, Prosta 35 72-100 Goleniów Zachodniopomorskie Poland
  • DECOEXPER SA, Manou Katraki 57 71002 Finikia Crete Greece
  • Densitech BV, Dekkersveldweg 4 7495PS Delden Netherlands
  • DHG Polska Sp. Z. O.O., Kolacz 17A 78-320 Polczyn Zdroj Poland
  • Diamond Fuel Supplies Ltd, The Freight Terminal, The Old Quarry Bicester Road OX7 4NP Enstone Oxfordshire United Kingdom
  • Direct Charcoal limited, Unit 1 Vincent Works Brough S33 9HG Bradwell Derbyshire United Kingdom
  • DORA SA, INDUSTRIAL AREA OF THESSALONIKI 57022 THESSALONIKI Greece
  • DOUKAS KONSTANTINOS SA, ETHNIKIS ANTISTASEOS 144 172 36 AGIOS DIMITRIOS ATTICA Greece
  • DRYCOM, AG.GEORGIOU 2nd PARODOS 6027 Koropi Attica Greece
  • East-West Chemicals Asset Management Limited, Stasinou 1 1505 Nicosia Cyprus
  • Eckerlein Harald, Schwalbenweg 24 86653 Monheim Germany
  • ECOBIOPOL EUROPE Sp.k, Rycerska 1 05-400 Otwock mazowieckie Poland
  • EL.ME.ERG. Ltd, Evripidou 14 10559 Athens Greece
  • Elkem International AS, Drammensveien 169 0277 Oslo Norway
  • ESENCIAS NATURALES HERMANOS NIETO, S.L., CL Ramón y Cajal, 45 02611 Ossa de Montiel Albacete Spain
  • Especialistas en Carbón Procesado S.L., C/ Mina, 19 02600 Villarrobledo Albacete Spain
  • Essing Sprengtechnik GmbH, Brueckenwaage 8 49124 Georgsmarienhuette Germany
  • EVAGGELOS ANASTASIADIS, OLYMPIADA CHALKIDIKIS 57014 OLYMPIADA Greece
  • EVRELKO SA, Agios Loukas 19002 Peania Attica Greece
  • Excarbri S.L., Carretera de Olivenza km. 2 06130 Valverde de Leganés Badajoz Spain
  • EXPORTBRIQ S.L., Carretera Higuera de Vargas - Zahinos km 3.4 06129 Badajoz Spain
  • FENIKS Sp. z o.o., ul. Benedykta Cesarza 11 30-427 Kraków Poland
  • Fille 2000, Salkas LV4220 Kocenu pagasts Valmieras novads Latvia
  • Fire-Up International B.V., De Nedervonder 13 5061 JP Oisterwijk Netherlands
  • Firma Grilex Sp. j. Stanisław Kozioł Jan Szura, Łużna 710 38-322 Łużna Poland
  • FIRMA HANDLOWO-USŁUGOWA FELIX Feliks Galant, Średnia Wieś 173 38-604 HOCZEW Poland
  • FLAMACO BVBA, Robert Klingstraat 33 8940 Wervik Belgium
  • FOCHISTA SRL, via Romagnoli 19 48026 RUSSI Italy
  • Francisco Pozo S.L., Calle Fuente Nueva 11 06120 Oliva de La Frontera Badajoz Spain
  • Fratelli Padovani SRL, Via Trento, 68 25080 Nuvolento Brescia Italy
  • G N Grosvenor Ltd, The Coal Yard, Purbrook Road East Park WV1 2EJ Wolverhampton West Midlands United Kingdom
  • G. Chatzigeorgiou - A. Chatzigeorgiou OE, Dekelias & Tatoiou 13671 Acharnai Greece
  • G. PANOUSOU & SIA EE, Artemisias 54 85300 Kos Greece
  • Garcí­a Murillo Distribuciones y Contrataciones S.L.U., Calle Norte Numero 15 06100 Olivenza Badajoz Spain
  • GARGES HAN. SARWAT, Rouvikonos 193 13122 Ilion Attica Greece
  • Gascogne Wood Products, route de cap de pin 40210 ESCOURCE France
  • Gastronaut as, Vakåsveien 9 1395 Hvalstad Norway
  • GBMF SAS, "Froidvent" 21290 LEUGLAY France
  • General Supply O.E., Thesi Agios Ioannis, Vathi 34100 Avlida Greece
  • GEORGE DIMARHOS, Tatoiou 161 14671 Nea Erythraia Attiki Greece
  • GEORGIOS ARISTIDOU EISAGOGES-EXAGOGES LTD, 10, Konstantinou Koilanioti Str 3115 Limassol Cyprus
  • GEORGIOS VASILEIOU, HRAKLEITOU KAI PYTHAGORA 30100 AGRINIO Greece
  • GIARIMOGLOU VASILEIOS, KAPNERGATON 22 67131 XANTHI Greece
  • GiRo GmbH, Gerberstraße 128 41748 Viersen Germany
  • girondine de carbonisation, Mistre Est - BP16 33680 LACANAU - MEDOC Aquitaine France
  • GORSI OOD, hadji dimityr 4 6800 Momchilgrad Kardzhali Bulgaria
  • GOUVAS VASILEIOS, 23 Km National Road Lamia - Domokos 35010 Domokos Greece
  • GPS TRADING - P. DIMITRIADIS & S. SIDERIS, 58 Komninon Avenue 55236 Panorama Thessaloniki Greece
  • GREEN HOLDING SA, 65 rue Wilmart 6200 CHATELINEAU Belgium
  • GRILL-IMPEX, Sielun 4A 06-231 Młynarze Poland Poland
  • GRILLY DI TONNI GERMANO & C. S.A.S., VIA G. MARCONI 32 25080 Serle Brescia Italy
  • Große Kreisstadt Horb am Neckar, Marktplatz 8 72160 Horb am Neckar Germany
  • GRYFSKAND Sp. z o.o., Fabryczna 4 74-100 Gryfino Poland
  • GT-Emporium Georgios Tzimpilis, Karl-Kuenen-Str. 04 50354 Hürth Germany
  • HANY SAMY MIKHAEIL ELBOSHY, Agiou Riginou kai Oresti 17 4551 Limassol Cyprus
  • Heinrich Schmitz e.K., Hocksteiner Weg 62 41189 Mönchengladbach Germany
  • HERMANOS LOPERIVE S.L., VISTA ALEGRE, 8 06129 ZAHINOS EXTREMADURA Spain
  • Holzkohleverarbeitung Schütte GmbH & Co.KG, Lennestraße 8 57392 Schmallenberg Germany
  • Hälsinge Kol &Trä AB, Stationsgatan 31 82330 Kilafors Sweden
  • IB Holzkohle Vertriebsgesellschaft mbH, Plan 6 20095 Hamburg Germany
  • IBECOSOL, C/ La Granja, 15. Edif. B. 2º - 2 28108 Alcobendas Madrid Spain
  • IMEX-ATLANTIC, 3, La Noë Martin 44170 LA GRIGONNAIS France
  • Industria Boschiva Torracchi SRL, Via Giordano Bruno, 59 51037 Montale Italy
  • Ioanna Hadjiyiorki, 55, Andoni Papadopoulou str. 5282 Paralimni Cyprus
  • IOANNA MPAMPAKOU, - 57014 THESSALONIKI STAVROS Greece
  • IOANNIS CHRYSOSTOMOU AND SONS LTD., , 27A FILLELINON AND GOUTEMVERGIOU .. 3016 LIMASSOL CYPRUS Cyprus
  • ITAL CARBONI SRL, Via Torino, 18 84018 Scafati Salerno Italy
  • Italfruit Srl, Viale Premuda 14 20129 Milan Italy
  • ITM Alimentaire International, 24 rue Auguste Chabrières 75015 Paris France
  • J.L. Dammers, Gein-Zuid 31 1391je Abcoude Netherlands
  • JIMDEL S.L., ALTOZANO, 19 21390 ENCINASOLA HUELVA (ANDALUCIA) Spain
  • Johnson Matthey Battery Materials GmbH, Ostenriederstraße 15 D-85368 Moosburg Germany
  • Josper S.A., Calle Gutemberg 11 08397 Pineda de Mar Barcelona Spain
  • JUAN RODRIGUEZ MACIAS, LA LUZ, 30 06129 ZAHINOS EXTREMADURA Spain
  • K D ENERGY TRADE, Ortansias 66 13677 Menidi Attica Greece
  • K. DRAVILLAS - D. BELLOS & SIA Ε.Ε., LAKKA KALOGYROU - MEGARA 19100 MEGARA ATTICA Greece
  • K.D. DIMAS & SIA ΕΕ, Klisthenous 405Α, Thesi Hostos 15344 Gerakas Attica Greece
  • KALAVRIS DIMITRIOS, PALAION PATRON GERMANOU 5 34100 CHALKIDA Greece
  • Kamado Joe UK Limited, Plym House, Marsh Mills PL6 8LT Plymouth United Kingdom
  • KANAKIS GEORGIOS, KORINTHOU 2 19200 ELEYSINA THESI BLOKO Greece
  • KARAKITSOS CHRISTOS, STAVROS 57014 THESSALONIKI Greece
  • KARALAGOS IOANNIS, Venizelou 76 59100 Veroia Greece
  • KARALIS KONSTANTINOS, 3 km N.R. Artas - Ioanninon 47100 Arta Greece
  • KARYEVA LARYSA, Alexandroupoleos 40 151 27 Melissia Attica Greece
  • Kayser Kohle, Unter Birken 9 50321 Brühl Germany
  • KETESIDOU ANNA, Komara 68006 Orestiada Evros Greece
  • KIRIOU IOANNIS & SIA OE, Argirokastrou 17 18542 Pireus Attica Greece
  • KIST Europe, Campus E7.1 66123 Saarbrücken Germany
  • KMB s.c. Bogdan Rączkowski, Krzysztof Rączkowski, Marcin Rączkowski, Piaski 8A 66-008 Świdnica Poland
  • Kohlenvertrieb Krause, Albrecht Dürer Straße 41 65462 Ginsheim Gustavsburg Hessen Germany
  • KOINONIA KLIRONOMON MELIOPOULOS GEORGIOS, VERGINA IMATHIAS 59100 VEROIA Greece
  • KOM-GRIL LTD, STRATZIMIROVSKA STR. 10-B 3500 BERKOVITZA Bulgaria
  • KOMPANIA GSR SPÓŁKA Z OGRANICZONA ODPOWIEDZIALNOSCIA SPÓŁKA KOMANDYTOWA, Radzikowskiego 106B/46 31-315 Kraków Poland
  • KONSTANTINOS ALEX. BOURLIS, Aristoxenous 9 26335 Perivola Patra Greece
  • KONSTANTINOS TZIMPOULAS & CO O.E., Fytia Imathias 59100 Fytia Imathias Greece
  • KOREKT EOOD, DOLNI GLAVANAK VILLAGE 6483 DOLNI GLAVANAK Bulgaria
  • Kostantinos Pallis, Xefteri-Logkaki Koinotita Aktaion Marmariou 34013 Karystos Greece
  • KOSTOPOULOS SOTIRIOS & SIA EE, - 60100 Elafos Pieria Greece
  • KOULOURIOTIS NIKOLAOS, KAMATRIADES ISTIAIAS 43200 Euboea Greece
  • KRK Vidzeme, Zeltkalni LV4345 Aluksne Latvia
  • La Forestière du Nord, Parc des Bois Brûlés 91430 Igny France
  • La Fornacella S.R.L., Via S. Matarrese, 2/13 70124 Bari Italy
  • LEO VI ΙΚΕ, Anaxagora 9 16675 Glyfada Attica Greece
  • LIOLIOU KYRIAKI, Zeas 3 14451 Metamorfosi Attica Greece
  • Live Coals Trading Ltd., 14C GRIVA DIGENI KOLOSSI 4632 Limassol CYPRUS Cyprus
  • Luxcontrol S.A. (OR54), 1, Avenue des Terres Rouges 4331 Esch-sur-Alzette Luxembourg
  • LuxEnergie S.A., 23, avenue John F. Kennedy 1855 Luxembourg Luxembourg
  • Luxia AB, Kumla gårdsväg 15 14563 Norsborg Sweden
  • MAGKIROGLOU DIM. VASSILIOS, MIKRAS ASIAS 5, EYKARPIA 56429 THESSALONIKI Greece
  • MANOUSOS KLAPAKIS SA, Souliou 40 13461 Zefyri Attica Greece
  • Margaritakis Konstantinos, Thasou 16 13341 Ilion Attica Greece
  • Maria Legga, Terma Trikalon 0 42200 Kalabaka Greece Greece
  • MARINOS EYSTRATIOS - MARINOS THEODOROS & SIA ΟΕ, AGYRAS 46-48 17124 NEA SMYRNI ATTICA Greece
  • MARKOULAKIS KONSTANTINOS, 7th Km HERAKLION-MIRON 71500 HERAKLION CRETE Greece
  • MASTROPETROS CHRISTOS, Thesi Balana 15351 Pallini Attica Greece
  • ME Münsterland Energy GmbH, Am Kanal 45 49549 Ladbergen Germany
  • Meyer Herbert, Gspannberg 24 92348 Berg Germany
  • Mibrycar S.L., Calle Méndez Nuñez 4 060100 Olivenza Badajoz Spain
  • MLV 22 Spółka z ograniczoną odpowiedzialnością, Rondo ONZ 1 lok. XXP 00-124 Warszawa Poland
  • MOTORAIZ Ltd, Stopanski dvor 1 4192 Carimir Bulgaria
  • MOUZOUROS TRADING LIMITED, Iapetou 11A 4101 Limassol Cyprus
  • MPOGIAS EFTHIMIOS, 14 HROON 41 56430 THESSALONIKI Greece
  • Müller-Gei GmbH & Co. KG, Angerstraße 33 96346 Wallenfels Germany
  • Naturpoda y Medio Ambiente SLU, Calle Lucas Bermudo 21 21740 Hinojos Huelva Spain
  • NEW Natur Energie Warburg GmbH & Co. KG, Northeimer Str. 51 34414 Warburg Germany
  • NIKOLAOS KOYTSAKAS, EL. VENIZELOY 151 59300 ALEXANDRIA Greece
  • Nileks SA OOD, 161, Targovska Str 8700 Elhovo Bulgaria
  • Norsilva AS, Langesundveien 109 NO-3961 Stathelle Norway
  • NTAGIAKOS SPYROS, THEMIDOS 21 18233 AGIOS I. RENTIS ATTICA Greece
  • O.S. Olympic Suppliers Ltd., 9 Faleas Street, Agios Athanasios Industrial Area 4101 Limassol Cyprus
  • OMILOS EPIXEIRISEON LIANDRI, TERMA ODOU AG. EIRINIS 19400 KOROPI Greece
  • OMZ TRADE SP. Z O.O., Towarowa 24 41-103 Siemianowice Śląskie Poland
  • Ou Europellet Estonia, Suur-Sojamae 25a 11415 Tallinn Estonia
  • OVERSEAS TRADING @ FORWARDING, 55, Makedonia str 2800 SANDANSKI Bulgaria
  • OZEN PLUS sp. z o.o., Budowlanych 9 78-600 Wałcz Poland
  • P.P.H.U. AKME Export-Import s.c. Bożena Kaszkowiak Monika Kaszkowiak, Sikorskiego 78 64-980 Trzcianka Poland
  • P.P.H.U."CIS"Jadwiga Antosz, ul.Kazimierza Wielkiego 41c 38-606 Baligród Poland
  • Padovani Angelo & C SRL, Via A. Terzi, 19/21 25080 Nuvolento Brescia Italy
  • pagan marketing limited, Soaphouse Farm Blackmore Road CM15 0DR Brentwood Essex United Kingdom
  • Papadogiannis Dimitrios, AGIA PERAMA 74052 Perama Crete Greece
  • PAPALABROU IOANNIS, Eirinis 1 51100 Grevena Greece
  • PATHIN TRADING LTD, NIKITA 6 DHALI 2540 NICOSIA Cyprus
  • PETRO FOTAQ, EYZONON 31 45332 IOANNINA Greece
  • PHU Mirand-Plus, Bondary 25 16-050 Michałowo podlaskie Poland
  • PIWA GmbH, Waldenreuterstraße 10 94157 Perlesreut Germany
  • PLAKIDAS CHRISTOS, Pousi Kalogeri 19003 Markopoulo Attica Greece
  • Pol-Gartenholz GmbH & Co KG, Am Siedlerplatz 1 33014 Bad Driburg Germany
  • Polarson OÜ, Sooküla 65244 Lasva vald Vorumaa Estonia
  • PPH "WEGAS", Topolowa 20 83-010 Straszyn Poland
  • PPHU "POL-DREW" Perzanowski Jacek, Ponikiew Wielka 18 06-232 Czerwonka Mazowieckie Poland
  • PPHU ARKO2 Alicja Kordelewska, Mlynska 8 64-917 Skórka Poland
  • PRALIPORT SL, Calle de Melendez Valdes 3, Piso 3D, 28015 Madrid Spain
  • proFagus GmbH, Uslarer Str. 30 37194 Bodenfelde Germany
  • PROVIROM LTD VASSOS E.-VAROUXIS A. LTD, VARIMATSI AREA 19300 ASPROPYRGOS ATTIKI Greece
  • Przedsiębiorstwo Produkcyjno Handlowo Usługowe Drew-Lech, Szubin Wieś 37 b 89-200 Szubin Poland
  • PRZEDSIĘBIORSTWO PRODUKCYJNO-HANDLOWO-USŁUGOWE "EXTRANS BIS" Monika i Anna Dyrkacz Spółka cywilna, ul.Przemyska 8 38-500 Sanok Poland
  • R&S Versorgungs GmbH, Winterling-Porzellan-Str. 20-25 92670 Windischeschenbach Germany
  • REACHECK OR Services UG_11801, Frohsinnstraße 28 63739 Aschaffenburg Germany
  • REACheck Solutions GmbH, Frohsinnstraße 28 63739 Aschaffenburg Germany
  • Rectella International Limited, Bancroft Road BB10 2TP Burnley Lancashire United Kingdom
  • RELUX SRL, Via G. Mazzini 7/A 35016 Piazzola Padova Italy
  • Rheinbraun Brennstoff GmbH, Stüttgenweg 2 50935 Köln Germany
  • Rivault Michel, La Verrerie 86600 COULOMBIERS France
  • ROMAGNA CARBONE DI GOLFARI ROBERTO E C. SNC, Via Abbadesse 1/B 48012 Bagnacavallo (RA) Italy
  • Rossima Charcoal Ltd, Kosta Bossilkov STR 3-A 2700 Blagoevgrad Bulgaria
  • RUEN LES Ltd, Centralna 8557 ZAICHAR BURGAS Bulgaria
  • RW silicium GmbH, Woehlerstr. 30 94060 Pocking Germany
  • S. ANEROUSIS & SIA OE, 1st KM National Road Agrinio - Ioannina 30100 Agrinio Greece
  • S.C. BIOTEN S.R.L., 15 CRINULUI 605200 Comanesti Romania
  • SA.VI.CHEM S.r.l., Via Emilia, 88 29010 Fontana Fredda di Cadeo Italy
  • SAID SAMY, THIVON 264 12241 EGALEO Greece
  • SAS FLOVAL, La rosière 35340 La Bouëxière France
  • SAS INDUSTRIE BOIS ROUSSEAU, Les Nouhauds 24270 DUSSAC France
  • Schlachtberger e.K., Liebengrabenweg 76 92224 Amberg Germany
  • SCIENCE sprl, Rue culée 57 1410 Waterloo BW Belgium
  • SIA "BOVIS", 50, Daugavpils street LV-4501 Balvi Latvia
  • SIA Baibiņa, "Madoļesje", Stoļerovas pag. LV-4642 - Rēzeknes novads Latvia
  • SIAXRAS MICHAIL, Thesi Potami 20100 Arxaia Korinthos Korinthos Greece
  • SIDENERGIE, Zone Artisanale 46130 LAVAL DE CERE Midi-Pyrénées France
  • Skogens Kol AB, Sibo allé 1 SE-823 91 Kilafors Gävleborg Sweden
  • SOCBA, Lacaussade 47150 Lacaussade France
  • SOCCEM, la garenne 72320 SAINT ULPHACE France
  • Socratis Socratous Chrysi Lava Ltd, 10 Nikiforou Vrettakou 8035 Paphos Cyprus
  • SOULTAN IBRAHIM, MIAOULI 22 10554 ATHENS ATTICA Greece
  • SpecChem GmbH, Robert Bosch Strasse 29a 88131 Lindau Germany
  • Stavros Nikola, 25th March,19 5320 Liopetri Cyprus
  • STOYANOV ALEXANDRE, Marathonos 100 Avenue 19009 Pikermi Attiki Greece
  • Svensk Grillkol AB, Timmeroplan 6 59013 Boxholm Sweden
  • Swedish Charcoal, Verkstadsgatan 2 75323 Uppsala Sweden
  • Swift-Lite International Ltd, 28 Wilton Road TN40 1EZ Bexhill on Sea East Sussex United Kingdom
  • T M ALSAQR LTD, 46 Ag Athanasiou Avenue Office 400 4102 Limassol Cyprus
  • TALIANIS SA, 6th km Irakleiou - Maladon 141 22 Irakleio Crete Greece
  • Tasmania Handel-Maatschappij B.V., Lijnbaansgracht 386 1017 XC Amsterdam Netherlands
  • TEDi GmbH & Co. KG, Brackeler Hellweg 301-305 44309 Dortmund NRW Germany
  • TeKa Food GmbH, Mottmannstr. 5a 53842 Troisdorf Germany
  • The BBQ Shop AS, Vakåsveien 7 1395 Hvalstad Norway
  • The Dorset Charcoal Co, Boundarys Edge Pidney, Hazelbury Bryan DT10 2EB STURMINSTER NEWTON Dorset United Kingdom
  • THEOFILOS KOKORETZAS, VRASNA 57021 VRASNA THESSALONIKIS Greece
  • THEOLOGAKIS DHM. GEORGIOS, ANO STAVROS 57014 STAVROS THESSALONIKI Greece
  • THERMOPELLET S.A., Karaiskaki 113 43100 Karditsa Greece
  • Thomas Siemer Naturstrom , Dünhoop 6 26197 Großenkneten Germany
  • TIGANIS GEORGIOS, - 43060 Mouzaki Karditsa Greece
  • TJARAD BEST PACKAGING SOLUTIONS LTD, 22 GERGIOU VARNAKIOTI STROVOLOS 2045 NICOSIA Cyprus
  • TK Taunus Kaminholz Marcel + Peter Heilhecker GbR, Heidestraße 61 B 61276 Weilrod Germany
  • TOKARSKI JAN Firma "Bracia Tokarscy", Wiejska 12 46-053 Dąbrowice k/Opola Poland
  • Tom Vertriebs GmbH & Co KG, Max-Planck-Ring 19 06188 Landsberg Germany
  • TSEGAS VASILIOS, Leoforos Amarousiou 46 14122 Neo Iraklio Athens Greece
  • TSEKOURAS GEORGIOS, Agia Paraskevi 35100 Lamia Greece
  • TSIAMITROS ANTONIOS, 1st km National road Veria-Thessaloniki 59100 VERIA IMATHIA Greece
  • TZOGIAS FILIPPOS-TZOGIAS EFTHIMIOS LTD, AG VARVARA-TSAIRI 85100 RHODES Greece
  • Uspeh-2005 ltd, str. L.Karavelov 5 8000 Burgas Bulgaria
  • Usługi Leśne Przetwórstwo Drewna Bogdan Mikrut, Polana 10 38-709 Polana Poland
  • VALBOIS, chemin sous rivière 01260 SUTRIEU France
  • Vasileios & Aikaterini Kottaridi OE, 2nd km Kalamatas – Mesinnis Road Asprohoma 24100 Kalamata Greece
  • VASILEIOU GEORG. LAMBROS, NAFPAKTOU (THESI VALTOULIA) 30200 MESOLOGI Aetolia-Acarnania Greece
  • VENITOURAKIS EMMANOUIL, Pindou 155 13341 Ano Liosia Attica Greece
  • VIEROS D. AVGERINOS, TRAPEZOUNTOS 33 18755 KERATSINI - PIRAEUS ATTICA Greece
  • Vindelkol Ab, Östra Fällbäck 111 92293 Vindeln Sweden
  • VISA 1, Pirin 1 5733 Bulgarski izvor Teteven Bulgaria
  • Vlachava Elli, Kerasia 38454 Nea Ionia Volou Magnisias Greece
  • VLIORAS GEORGIOS, Sokratous 9 42100 Trikala Greece
  • WANO Schwarzpulver GmbH, Rohstoffe Kunigunde 14 D38704 Liebenburg Germany
  • WLT S.R.L., Vía Castellani 13 65010 Spoltore Italy
  • WOOLWORTH GmbH, Formerstr.6 59425 Unna NRW Germany
  • WSP UK Ltd (OR24), The Victoria 150-182 The Quays M50 3SP Manchester United Kingdom
  • wspuk20, WSP UK Limited 70 Chancery Lane WC2A 1AF London United Kingdom
  • Wurm Walter, Untere Hauptstraße 7 92364 Deining-Zellermühle Germany
  • XHAFAJ ERION - TORRA BESNIK OE, 18TH OLD NATIONAL ROAD THESSALONIKIS VERIAS 57011 GEFYRA THESSALONIKIS Greece
  • XYLEXPER SA, Evripidou 2 185 32 Peiraias Attica Greece
  • XYLOTHERMIKI LTD, Labrou Katsoni 207 13562 Agioi Anargiroi Attica Greece
  • YGE - YSER GREEN ENERGY,SA, Zona Industrial da Taboeira 3800-055 Esgueira Aveiro Portugal
  • ZACHARIS SA, Odissea Elyti 15 13342 Ano Liosia Attica Greece
  • Zakład Usługowo-Handlowy ''Tandrew" Mariusz Łopuszański, Kazimierza Wielkiego 42a 38-606 Baligród Poland
  • Zanis Christos, Thesi Trikoupi Agias Triados Mideas 21055 Nafplio Greece
  • ZPHU EWA Paweł Kopówka, Łagoszów Wielki14/1 59-160 Radwanice Poland
  • ΔΗΜΗΤΡΟΠΟΥΛΟΣ ΑΘΑΝΑΣΙΟΣ, Λ. Βάρης-Κορωπίου 147 16672 Βάρη Greece
  • Ιερά Μονή Μεταμορφώσεως του Σωτήρος Φλαμουρίου Αγίας Τριάδος Σουρβίας, Κεραμίδι Μαγνησίας 38500 Κεραμίδι Μαγνησίας Μαγνησία Greece
  • ΚΑΜΠΟΥΡΟΓΙΑΝΝΗΣ Γ. ΝΙΚΟΛΑΟΣ ΔΑΣΙΚΑ ΠΡΟΪΟΝΤΑ, ΒΟΛΟΥ 145 ΠΕΡΙΟΧΗ ΑΓΙΑΣ ΜΑΡΙΝΗΣ – ΛΑΡΙΣΑ 41336 ΛΑΡΙΣΑ ΘΕΣΣΑΛΙΑ/ΕΛΛΑΔΑ Greece
  • ΛΑΖΟΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΙΟΣ ΜΟΝΟΠΡΟΣΩΠΗ ΕΤΑΙΡΕΙΑ ΠΕΡΙΟΡΙΣΜΕΝΗΣ ΕΥΘΥΝΗΣ, ΑΡΙΣΤΟΤΕΛΟΥΣ 81 38333 ΒΟΛΟΣ ΒΟΛΟΣ Greece
  • AFOI GEORGIOU SA, FYLLA 34100 CHALKIDA Greece
  • Avella Company s.r.l., via Francesco Faiella, 21 84018 Scafati (SA) Italy
  • B-Lands Consulting (811607-9), World Trade Center, 5 Place Robert Schuman - BP 1516 38025 Grenoble France France
  • CHATZAKIS ALEXANDROS & SIA OE, Roussa Limi, Limenas Hersonisou 72100 Irakleio Crete Greece
  • Dansam Charcoal Ltd, 20 Cornwall House Portland Crescent HG1 2TR Harrogate Yorkshire United Kingdom
  • EC Quality Ltd, Suite 404, 324 regent Street W1B 3HH London United Kingdom
  • KONSTANTIOS ANASTASIOS, Agias Annis 101 18233 Agios Ioannis Rentis Attica Greece
  • MASTROPETROS GEORGIOS, Leoforos Spaton 126 15351 Pallini Attica Greece
  • Sc Halupex SRL, Principala, nr. 194 KALOZ NR 388 537165 Lupeni HARGHITA Romania
  • TOM Produktions GmbH, Max-Planck-Ring 19 06188 Landsberg-Queis Germany

Other names

  • Carbon
  • Carbones y Leñas Los Rivera S.A.L.
  • Carbón vegetal
  • Carbón vegetal comercializado por Atlántico Castellana
  • Carbón vegetal comercializado por Carbones Fergón
  • CHARCOAL
  • charcoal (methane)
  • Charcoal / Carbón vegetal
  • charcoal for barbecue
  • Charocal
  • Excarbri S.L.
  • methane
  • R_JS_Charcoal_Iera_Moni_Flamouriou
  • R_JS_Charcoal_Kampourogiannis N.
  • R_JS_Charcoal_Lazos_Vasileios_Ltd
  • R_JS_Charcoal_Papadogiannis
  • Shisha Charcoal; Hookah Charcoal
  • WOOD CHARCOAL
  • Charcoal
  • Charcoal (An amorphous form of carbon produced by partially burning or oxidizing wood or other organic matter.)
  • BRYKIET DO GRILLA
  • Brykiet z węgla drzewnego
  • charcoal
  • Charcoal C Powder 200
  • Charcoal Powder 200
  • Lump wood charcoal
  • wood charcoal
  • Węgiel drzewny

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 160 studies submitted
  • 156 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [156]
C Form
Compact (37%), Pellets (32%), Powder (32%) [424]
C Odour
Odourless (74%), Slight (13%), Other (13%) [156]
C Substance type
Other (99%) [156]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3 157
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 107 summaries submitted
  • 107 summaries processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 170 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 121 12
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 37
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 107 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Boiling point

Study results
  • 160 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 150
Exposure cons.
Other 10
Summaries
  • 107 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Density

Study results
  • 170 studies submitted
  • 167 studies processed
R Bulk density
0.135 - 0.7 g/cm³ @ 20 °C [22]
R Density
0.2 - 1 g/cm³ @ 25 °C [32]
R Relative density
1.06 - 2.1 @ 20 °C [153]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 121 44
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 107 summaries submitted
  • 106 summaries processed
Relative density at 20°C
1.06 - 2

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 160 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 120
Exposure cons.
Other 40
R Summaries
  • 107 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Vapour pressure
0 Pa @ 20 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 176 studies submitted
  • 139 studies processed
R Log Pow
0.3 - 3.48 @ 25 °C and pH 5.5 - 7 [139]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 121 12
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 6
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 37
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 107 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Log Kow (Log Pow)
1.474 @ 20 °C

Water solubility

Study results
  • 170 studies submitted
  • 133 studies processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
0 - 4 600 000 ng/L @ 20 - 22.5 °C and pH 6 - 8 [133]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 121 12
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 16
Exposure cons.
Other 21
R Summaries
  • 107 summaries submitted
  • 56 summaries processed
Water solubility
3.8 mg/L @ 20 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Surface tension

Study results
  • 160 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 139
Exposure cons.
Other 21
Summaries
  • 107 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flash point

Study results
  • 160 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 18
Sci. unjustified 119
Exposure cons.
Other 23
Summaries
  • 107 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 626 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 121 12
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 456
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other 35
Summaries
  • 107 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flammability

Study results
  • 170 studies submitted
  • 133 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
Non flammable (100%) [133]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 121 12
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 24
Exposure cons.
Other 13
C Summaries
  • 107 summaries submitted
  • 107 summaries processed
Flammability
Non flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 189 studies submitted
  • 153 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
Non-explosive (100%) [153]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 121 20 12
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 24
Exposure cons.
Other 12
C Summaries
  • 107 summaries submitted
  • 107 summaries processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 171 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 121 20 12
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 7
Exposure cons.
Other 11
C Summaries
  • 107 summaries submitted
  • 107 summaries processed
Oxidising
No (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 160 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 119
Exposure cons.
Other 41
Summaries
  • 107 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Viscosity

Study results
  • 160 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 114
Sci. unjustified 5
Exposure cons.
Other 41
Summaries
  • 107 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Data not provided by the registrant

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 160 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 139
Exposure cons.
Other 21
Summaries
  • 106 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 164 studies submitted
  • 127 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
Under test conditions no biodegradation observed (100%) [127]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 123 4
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 5
Exposure cons.
Other 28
C Summaries
  • 107 summaries submitted
  • 107 summaries processed
Biodegradation in water
Under test conditions no biodegradation observed (100%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 392 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 346
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 25
Exposure cons.
Other 21
Summaries
  • 106 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 160 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 25
Exposure cons.
Other 135
Summaries
  • 107 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 164 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 123 16
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 25
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 106 summaries submitted
  • 105 summaries processed
Koc at 20°C
31.6

Henrys law constant (H)

Data not provided by the registrant

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 150 summaries submitted
  • 150 summaries processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater No data: aquatic toxicity unlikely (37)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) No data: aquatic toxicity unlikely (37)
Marine water No data: aquatic toxicity unlikely (41)
Intermittent releases (marine water) No data: aquatic toxicity unlikely (41)
Sewage treatment plant (STP) No data: aquatic toxicity unlikely (28)
Sediment (freshwater) No or insufficient data available at present (1)
Sediment (marine water) No or insufficient data available at present (1)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (150)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil No or insufficient data available at present (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning No potential for bioaccumulation (137)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 160 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 114
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 24
Exposure cons.
Other 22
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 160 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 114
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 25
Exposure cons.
Other 21
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 160 studies submitted
  • 110 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (48 h) 500 - 4 000 mg/L [110]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 114
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 5
Exposure cons.
Other 41
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 160 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 5
Exposure cons.
Other 155
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 388 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 342
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 25
Exposure cons.
Other 21
Summaries
  • 107 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 159 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 114
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 23
Exposure cons. 1
Other 21
Summaries
  • 107 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 1,179 studies submitted
  • 220 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (14 days) 4 - 60 g/L [220]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1140
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 6
Exposure cons.
Other 33
Summaries
  • 107 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 274 studies submitted
  • 110 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (28 days) 20 g/kg soil dw [110]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 228
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 25
Exposure cons.
Other 21
Summaries
  • 106 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 151 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 25
Exposure cons.
Other 126
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 388 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 342
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 25
Exposure cons.
Other 21
Summaries
  • 106 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 388 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 342
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 5
Exposure cons.
Other 41
Summaries
  • 106 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 837 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 798
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 6
Exposure cons.
Other 33
Summaries
  • 106 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 150 summaries submitted
  • 150 summaries processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 10 mg/m³ acute toxicity
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 10 mg/m³ acute toxicity
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Local Effects
Long-term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
EYE Exposure
Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 10 µg/m³ acute toxicity
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 10 mg/m³ acute toxicity
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Local Effects
Long-term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
EYE Exposure
Low hazard (no threshold derived)

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 367 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study 20
Supporting study 228
Weight of evidence 114
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 5
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 108 summaries submitted
  • 107 summaries processed
Bioaccumulation potential:
No bioaccumulation potential

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 160 studies submitted
  • 134 studies processed
P/RResults
monkey 28 days () [4]
M/CInterpretations of results
Not classified [134]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 20
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 114
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other 24
inhalation
  • 166 studies submitted
  • 131 studies processed
P/RResults
rat (28 days) 20 g/kg soil dw () [6]
LC50 (4 h) 4.968 - 4.97 mg/L air (rat) [114]
M/CInterpretations of results
Practically nontoxic [131]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 59 72
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 5
Exposure cons.
Other 30
dermal
  • 160 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 5
Exposure cons.
Other 155
other routes
  • 114 studies submitted
  • 114 studies processed
P/RResults
mouse 4 h () [114]

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 114
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 107 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 285 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 54 85
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 13
Exposure cons.
Other 133
Study data: eye
  • 285 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 69 70
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 32
Exposure cons.
Other 114
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Eye
Adverse effect observed (irritating)

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 390 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 52 81
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other 255
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 160 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 20
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 5
Exposure cons. 2
Other 133
Study data: inhalation
  • 145 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 5
Exposure cons.
Other 140
Study data: dermal
  • 145 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 25
Exposure cons. 2
Other 118
Summaries
  • 108 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 477 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 363 40
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 30
Exposure cons.
Other 44
Study data: in vivo
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 166 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 31
Exposure cons.
Other 135
Study data: developmental
  • 280 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 34
Exposure cons.
Other 246
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 106 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant