Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

  • EC / List name: Chlorine
  • IUPAC name: dichlorine
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
231-959-5
CAS no.:
7782-50-5
Index number:
017-001-00-7
Molecular formula:
Cl2
SMILES:
ClCl
InChI:
InChI=1S/Cl2/c1-2
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Element, Inorganic
Registered compositions:
19
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (ATP01corr) approved by the European Union, this substance is toxic if inhaled, is very toxic to aquatic life, may cause or intensify fire (oxidiser), causes serious eye irritation, causes skin irritation and may cause respiratory irritation.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations identifies that this substance is fatal if inhaled, is very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects and contains gas under pressure and may explode if heated.

Breakdown of all 1130 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Aquatic Acute 1 H400 Harmonised Classification
Eye Irrit. 2 H319 Harmonised Classification
Skin Irrit. 2 H315 Harmonised Classification
STOT SE 3 H335 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 2 H330
Acute Tox. 1 H330
Acute Tox. 3 H331 Harmonised Classification
Ox. Gas 1 H270 Harmonised Classification
Press. Gas (Comp.) H280
Aquatic Chronic 1 H410
Acute Tox. 4 H302
Press. Gas (Liq.) H280
STOT RE 2 H373
Press. Gas Harmonised Classification
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 82 active registrations under REACH, 2 Joint Submission(s) and 1 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
This substance is approved for use as a Biocidal Active Substance
Biocidal Products:
There are 0 authorised Biocidal Product(s) that use this substance as an active ingredient

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 1 000 000 - 10 000 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is approved for use as a biocide in the EEA and/or Switzerland, for: disinfection, drinking water.

This substance is being reviewed for use as a biocide in the EEA and/or Switzerland, for: preservation for liquid systems.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or into which articles the substance might have been processed.

This substance is used in the following products: biocides (e.g. disinfectants, pest control products) and washing & cleaning products.

This substance is used for the manufacture of: rubber products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, mixing in open batch processes, transfer of chemicals at non-dedicated facilities, transfer of substance into small containers, roller or brushing applications, non-industrial spraying, treatment of articles by dipping and pouring, production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation, hand mixing with intimate contact only with personal protective equipment available and the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use as processing aid, outdoor use as processing aid and indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters).

This substance is used in the following products: laboratory chemicals and semiconductors. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities, transfer of substance into small containers, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation and batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures and manufacturing of the substance.

This substance is used in the following products: semiconductors, metal surface treatment products, laboratory chemicals, water treatment chemicals and paper chemicals and dyes. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals, electrical, electronic and optical equipment, pulp, paper and paper products, metals, textile, leather or fur and mineral products (e.g. plasters, cement).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of chemicals, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, transfer of substance into small containers and batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), as processing aid, in processing aids at industrial sites and manufacturing of the substance.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of substance into small containers and batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, formulation of mixtures, in processing aids at industrial sites, as processing aid and as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates).

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: do not breathe the dust, fume, gas, mist, vapours or spray; keep away from clothing or other combustible materials; keep valves and fittings free from oil and grease; use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area; keep container tightly closed; avoid release to the environment; wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier; avoid breathing the dust, fume, gas, mist, vapours or spray.

Response statements

In case of incident: Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. In case of fire: stop leak if safe to do so. If inhaled: remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Collect spillage. If in eyes: rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do – continue rinsing. If on skin: wash with soap and water.

Storage statements

Store this substance protected from sunlight and in a well-ventilated place; locked up; in a well-ventilated place and keeping container tightly closed.

Disposal statements

The substance must be disposed in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulation.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • ALBEMARLE EUROPE SPRL, Parc Scientifique (Einstein) Rue du Bosquet 9 1348 LOUVAIN-LA-NEUVE Belgium
  • ANWIL SA, Torunska 222 87-805 Wloclawek kuj-pom Poland
  • ARKEMA FRANCE, 420 rue d'Estienne d'Orves 92700 COLOMBES France
  • ARLANXEO Canada Inc, Chempark 51369 Leverkusen NRW Germany
  • B.I.G. - OR634, Technische Schoolstraat 43A 2440 Geel Belgium
  • BASF SE, Carl-Bosch-Str. 38 67056 Ludwigshafen am Rhein Rheinland-Pfalz Germany
  • Bison International B.V., Dr. A.F. Philipsstraat 9 4462 EW Goes Netherlands
  • BOC Ltd, 10 Priestley Road The Surrey Research Park GU2 7XY Guildford Surrey United Kingdom
  • BONDALTI CHEMICALS, S.A., Quinta da Industria Beduido 3860-680 Estarreja Portugal
  • BorsodChem, Bolyai ter 1 3700 Kazincbarcika Hungary
  • CABB GmbH, Ludwig-Hermann-Str. 100 86368 Gersthofen Germany
  • CAFFARO BRESCIA S.r.l, via del Brennero n° 48 56100 PISA Italy
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77, Dublin, Ireland D02 Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 D02 Dublin Ireland
  • Chemra GmbH, Max-Planck-Strasse 12 54296 Trier Germany
  • Chimcomplex S.A. Borzesti, 3, Industriilor Street 601124 Onesti Bacau Romania
  • CHS Epi, a.s., Revoluční 1930/6 40032 Ústí nad Labem Czech Republic
  • Covestro Deutschland AG, Kaiser-Wilhelm-Allee 60 51373 Leverkusen Germany
  • DKSH GmbH, Baumwall 3 20459 Hamburg Germany
  • DniproAZOT Trade, Stochovska 50/821 16100 Praha Czech Republic
  • Donau Chemie Aktiengesellschaft, Am Heumarkt 10 1037 Vienna Vienna Austria
  • DOW BENELUX B.V., Postbus 48 4530 AA Terneuzen Netherlands
  • DOW DEUTSCHLAND ANLAGENGESELLSCHAFT mbH, Am Kronberger Hang 4 D-65824 Schwalbach Germany
  • DSP S.A.S., 23, avenue Jules Rimet 93200 La Plaine Saint Denis France
  • Eastman Chemical B.V., Watermanweg 70 3067 GG Rotterdam Netherlands
  • ELECTROQUÍMICA DE HERNANI, S.A., EPELE 20120 HERNANI Spain
  • Electroquímica Onubense, S.L., Industrial Nuevo Puerto, 0 21810 Palos de la Frontera Huelva Spain
  • Ercros SA, Avenida Diagonal 593-595 08014 Barcelona Spain
  • Evonik Functional Solutions GmbH, Rellinghauser Strasse 1-11 45128 Essen Germany
  • FORTISCHEM a.s., M.R.Stefanika 1 972 71 Novaky Slovakia
  • HALO INDUSTRY S.P.A, piazzale Franco Marinotti 1 33050 TORVISCOSA (UD) Italy
  • HydroChem Italia S.r.l., Via Mario Massari, 30/32 IT-28886 Pieve Vergonte VB Italy
  • INEOS Chlor Atlantik GmbH, Inhausersieler Str. 25 26388 Wilhelmshaven Niedersachsen Germany
  • INOVYN Belgium SA, Avenue des Olympiades 20 1140 BRUSSELS Belgium
  • INOVYN Deutschland GmbH, Luwigstrasse 12 47495 Rheinberg Germany
  • INOVYN France S.A.S., Avenue de la République 39500 Tavaux France
  • INOVYN Manufacturing Belgium SA, Rue Solvay 39 5190 Jemeppe Sur Sambre Belgium
  • INOVYN Norge AS, Rafnes N-3966 STATHELLE Norway
  • INOVYN Produzione Italia S.p.A, VIA PIAVE, 6 57013 ROSIGNANO SOLVAY LIVORNO Italy
  • INOVYN Sverige AB, Hjälmarevägen 444 83 Stenungsund Sweden
  • Kaustik Europe b.v., Stockholm 26 2993 LM Barendrecht Netherlands
  • Kem One, IMMEUBLE LE QUADRILLE 19 RUE JACQUELINE AURIOL 69008 LYON France
  • KRONOS EUROPE S.A./N.V., Langerbruggekaai 10 9000 Gent Belgium
  • KRONOS TITAN GmbH, Peschstrasse 5 51373 Leverkusen Germany
  • Linde Aktiengesellschaft, Seitnerstrasse 70 D 82049 Pullach Germany
  • Lubrizol Advanced Materials Europe B.V.B.A, Nijverheidsstraat 30 2260 Westerlo-Oevel Belgium
  • Martin Grima Ltd, Ghajn Astas, St. Paul's Bay SPB 6930 Ghajn Astas Malta
  • Momentive Performance Materials GmbH, Chempark Building V7 51368 Leverkusen NRW Germany
  • MSSA, Pombliere 73600 Saint Marcel France
  • Neolyse Ibbenbüren GmbH, Hauptstraße 47 49479 Ibbenbüren Germany
  • NetSun EU B.V., Blaak 40, Fifth Floor 3011 TA Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Nouryon Industrial Chemicals B.V., Velperweg 76 6824 BM Arnhem Netherlands
  • Nouryon Industrial Chemicals GmbH, Hauptstraße 47 49462 Ibbenbüren Germany
  • OQEMA GmbH, Aachener Str. 258 41061 Moenchengladbach Germany
  • Oy Nizhex Scandinavia Ltd, Wavulinintie 10 00210 HELSINKI Finland
  • PCC Rokita SA, Sienkiewicza 4 56-120 Brzeg Dolny Poland
  • PETROCHINA INTERNATIONAL (LONDON) CO., LTD, 11th Floor, The Adelphi, 1-11 John Adam Street, WC2N 6HT LONDON United Kingdom
  • QUÍMICA DEL CINCA, S.L., Avda. Diagonal 352 08013 Barcelona Barcelona Spain
  • REACH COMPLIANCE SERVICES LIMITED, Suite 1E, Paramount Court, Corrig Road, Sandyford Dublin 18 Dublin Ireland
  • REACH24H CONSULTING GROUP, Suite 1E, Paramount Court, Corrig Road, Sandyford, Dublin 18, Ireland Dublin 18 Dublin Ireland
  • REACH24H CONSULTING GROUP, Paramount Court, Corrig Road, Sandyford Dublin18 Dublin Ireland
  • REACH24H CONSULTING GROUP, Suite 1E, Paramount Court, Corrig Road, Sandyford Dublin 18 Dublin Ireland
  • REACH24H CONSULTING GROUP, Paramount Court, Corrig Road, Sandyford Dublin 18 Dublin Ireland
  • Runcorn MCP Limited, PO Box 9 South Parade WA7 4JE Runcorn Cheshire United Kingdom
  • SABIC Innovative Plastics BV, Plasticslaan 1 4612 PX Bergen op Zoom Netherlands Netherlands
  • SHOWA DENKO EUROPE GmbH, KONRAD-ZUSE-PLATZ 3 81829 München Germany
  • Specialty Electronic Materials Netherlands B.V. OR-4, Herbert H. Dowweg 5 4542NM Hoek Netherlands
  • SPOLANA s.r.o., Ul. Práce 657 277 11 Neratovice Czech Republic
  • Sustainability Support Services (Europe) AB, Markaskälsvägen 6 22647 Lund Sweden
  • TKI Hrastnik d.d., Za Savo 6 1430 Hrastnik Slovenia
  • TOSOH EUROPE B.V., Amstelplein 1 1096 HA Amsterdam Netherlands
  • TramacoGmbH, Lise-Meitner-Allee 8 25411 Tornesch Germany
  • Vencorex France_1, 196 Allée Alexandre Borodine 69800 Saint Priest France
  • VESTOLIT GmbH, Paul-Baumannstr. 1 45772 Marl Germany
  • Vinnolit GmbH & Co. KG, Carl-Zeiss-Ring 25 85737 Ismaning Germany
  • Vynova PPC SAS, 95 rue du Général de Gaulle BP 60090 68802 THANN CEDEX France
  • Wacker Chemie AG, Hanns-Seidel-Platz 4 81737 Muenchen Germany
  • Yordas GmbH, Äußere Nürnberger Str. 6 91301 Forchheim Germany
  • Arcerion GmbH, Gabrielenstr. 15 80636 München Germany
  • Bondalti Cantábria S.A, Avenida Rey Alberto I de Bélgica s/n, 39300 Torrelavega Cantábria Spain
  • Borregaard AS, Hjalmar Wessels vei 6 1701 Sarpsborg Norway
  • ELNOSA – ELECTROQUÍMICA DEL NOROESTE, SA, MARISMA DE LOURIZÁ S/N APT. 265 36153 PONTEVEDRA Spain
  • Hellenic Petroleum S.A., 8Α Chimarras st. GR 15125 Maroussi Attica Greece
  • Kemira Chemicals Oy, Harmajantie 3 P.O Box 7 FI-32741 SASTAMALA Finland
  • REACH COMPLIANCE SERVICES LIMITED, Suite 1E, Paramount Court, Corrig Road, Sandyford Dublin 18 Dublin Ireland
  • Syndial, Piazza Boldrini 1 20097 San Donato Milanese Milano Italy
  • YANG BUSINESS CONSULTANCY LIMITED, 53 RODNEY STREET, LIVERPOOL, MERSEYSIDE L1 9ER LIVERPOOL MERSEYSIDE, ENGLAND United Kingdom
  • ZACHEM S.A., Wojska Polskiego 65 85-825 Bydgoszcz Poland

Other names

  • -
  • Bondalti Chlorine
  • Chlor
  • CHLORINE
  • dichlorane
  • dichlorine
  • molecular chlorine
  • Active chlorine released from chlorine
  • Chlorine
  • caswellno179
  • chlor
  • chlor gazowy
  • chlor kapalný
  • chlor plynný
  • chlor skroplony
  • Chlorinated polyethylene
  • Chlorine
  • Chlorine (6CI, 7CI, 8CI, 9CI)
  • Chlorine mol.
  • Chlorine molecule (Cl2)
  • Cl2
  • Diatomic chlorine
  • Dichlorine
  • Liquid Chlorine
  • Liquid chlorine technical
  • Molecular chlorine

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Gaseous (100%) [2]
C Form
Liquified gas (100%) [2]
C Odour
Other (100%) [2]
C Substance type
Element (100%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Gaseous (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
-101.03 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
-34.03 °C

Density

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Relative density
3.21 @ 0 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Vapour pressure
678 - 778.7 kPa @ 20 - 25 °C [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Vapour pressure
678 kPa @ 20 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Log Pow
-0.85 @ 20 °C and pH 7 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Log Kow (Log Pow)
-0.85 @ 20 °C

Water solubility

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
5.91 - 9.78 g/L @ 10 - 30 °C and pH 7 [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Water solubility
7.41 g/L @ 20 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Surface tension

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Surface tension at 20 °C
82.4 mN/m @ 316 mg/L

Flash point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flammability

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Flammability
Non flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Oxidising
Yes (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Dissociating properties
Yes (100%) [2]
R Dissociation constant
7 @ 20 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Viscosity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R dynamic viscosity (in mPa s)
0.013 - 13.3 [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Dynamic viscosity at 20 °C
0.013 - 13.3 mPa.s

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Dissipation half life (DT50)
78 - 11 436 min [20]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Dissipation Half-life (DT50)
12 - 60 min [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Henrys law constant (H)

Data not provided by the registrant

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 210 ng/L (2)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) 260 ng/L (2)
Marine water 42 ng/L (2)
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 30 µg/L (2)
Sediment (freshwater) No exposure of sediment expected (2)
Sediment (marine water) No exposure of sediment expected (2)
Hazard for Air
Air Hazard related to composition of atmosphere identified (1)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil No exposure of soil expected (2)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning 11.1 mg/kg food (2)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 76 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (5 days) 50 µg/L [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 7
Supporting study 66
Weight of evidence
Other 3
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
LC50 for freshwater fish
60 µg/L
LC50 for marine water fish
32 µg/L

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC for marine water fish
40 µg/L

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 84 studies submitted
  • 11 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 26 - 141 µg/L [7]
LC50 (72 h) 90 - 180 µg/L [4]
LC50 (48 h) 29 - 260 µg/L [14]
LC50 (24 h) 70 - 55 000 µg/L [14]
NOEC (48 h) 25 - 50 µg/L [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 4
Supporting study 72
Weight of evidence 6
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater invertebrates
35 - 141 µg/L
EC50 / LC50 for marine invertebrates
26 µg/L

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 15 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 12
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC for marine invertebrates
7 µg/L

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 32 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (24 h) 400 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 26
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
EC50 for freshwater algae
23 µg/L
EC50 for marine water algae
400 µg/L
EC10 or NOEC for freshwater algae
2.1 µg/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (4 days) 100 - 400 µg/L [2]
NOEC (4 days) 20 - 50 µg/L [10]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
EC50 for freshwater plants
100 µg/L
EC10 or NOEC for freshwater plants
20 µg/L

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (3 h) 3 - 563 mg/L [5]
NOEC (3 h) 41.1 - 300 mg/L [2]
EC10 (3 h) 46.9 - 342 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 3
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
EC50 for microorganisms
3 mg/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other 1
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 2
Other 2
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other 1
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 3
Other 1
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 2
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (70 days) 200 mg/L drinking water [2]
LOEC (70 days) 400 mg/L drinking water [2]
NOEL (70 days) 200 mg/L drinking water [1]
LOEL (70 days) 400 mg/L drinking water [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Long-term EC10 / LC10 / NOEC
200 mg/kg food

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 750 µg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 1.5 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 750 µg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 1.5 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
High hazard (no threshold derived)
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 750 µg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 1.5 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 750 µg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 1.5 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 250 µg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
EYE Exposure
High hazard (no threshold derived)

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 14 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 10
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 1 100 mg/kg bw (rat) [2]
LD0 626 mg/kg bw (rat) [2]
M/CInterpretations of results
Study cannot be used for classification [2]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 8
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 28 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (60 min) 834 - 1 321 mg/m³ air (rat) [2]
LC50 (30 min) 1.248 - 2.033 mg/L air (rat) [2]
LC50 (10 min) 2.986 - 5.642 mg/L air (rat) [2]
LC50 (5 min) 7.26 - 15.949 mg/L air (rat) [2]
LC50 (30 min) 1.462 mg/L air (mouse) [2]
M/CInterpretations of results
Category 3 based on GHS criteria [2]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 24
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 20 000 mg/kg bw (rabbit) [2]
LD0 14 420 mg/kg bw (rabbit) [2]
M/CInterpretations of results
Not classified [2]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 27 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 24
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 2
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Skin
Adverse effect observed (irritating)
Eye
Adverse effect observed (irritating)
Respiratory
Adverse effect observed (irritating)

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 29 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 16.7 - 57.2 mg/kg bw/day [8]
NOAEL (mouse): 34.4 mg/kg bw/day [2]
LOAEL (rat): 16.7 - 114.4 mg/kg bw/day [8]
LOAEL (mouse): 34.4 mg/kg bw/day [2]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 2 4
Supporting study 22
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (monkey): 0.5 ppm [2]
LOAEL (monkey): 2.3 ppm [2]

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 8
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 42 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 10
Supporting study 30
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: in vivo
  • 24 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 1 14
Supporting study 9
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 22 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4 10
Supporting study 8
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 2 4
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: developmental
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant