Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

  • EC / List name: Potassium sulfate
  • IUPAC name: dipotassium sulfate
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
231-915-5
CAS no.:
7778-80-5
Index number:
Molecular formula:
K2O4S
SMILES:
[K+].[K+].[O-]S([O-])(=O)=O
InChI:
InChI=1S/2K.H2O4S/c;;1-5(2,3)4/h;;(H2,1,2,3,4)/q2*+1;/p-2
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Inorganic
Registered compositions:
44
Of which contain:
17 impurities relevant for classification
1 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

According to the majority of notifications provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications no hazards have been classified.

Breakdown of all 377 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Not Classified
Eye Dam. 1 H318
Eye Irrit. 2 H319
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

At least one notifier has indicated that an impurity or an additive present in the substance impacts the notified classification.

Properties of concern

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 90 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 1 000 000 - 10 000 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is used in the following products: fertilisers and plant protection products.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use, indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners) and indoor use in long-life materials with high release rate (e.g. release from fabrics, textiles during washing, removal of indoor paints).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: industrial abrasion processing with high release rate (e.g. sanding operations or paint stripping by shot-blasting). Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use, indoor use, indoor use in long-life materials with high release rate (e.g. release from fabrics, textiles during washing, removal of indoor paints) and outdoor use in long-life materials with high release rate (e.g. tyres, treated wooden products, treated textile and fabric, brake pads in trucks or cars, sanding of buildings (bridges, facades) or vehicles (ships)).

This substance can be found in products with material based on: stone, plaster, cement, glass or ceramic (e.g. dishes, pots/pans, food storage containers, construction and isolation material).

This substance is used in the following products: fertilisers, plant protection products, washing & cleaning products and laboratory chemicals.

This substance is used in the following areas: agriculture, forestry and fishing and formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, non-industrial spraying, transfer of substance into small containers, hand mixing with intimate contact only with personal protective equipment available, handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders), laboratory work, treatment of articles by dipping and pouring, roller or brushing applications and high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding).

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use and indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners).

This substance is used in the following products: paper chemicals and dyes, fertilisers, plant protection products, pH regulators and water treatment products, leather treatment products and textile treatment products and dyes.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, mixing in open batch processes, transfer of substance into small containers, laboratory work, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation and production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures and formulation in materials.

This substance is used in the following products: pH regulators and water treatment products, leather treatment products, paper chemicals and dyes and textile treatment products and dyes. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging, mining, building & construction work, health services and agriculture, forestry and fishing. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals, mineral products (e.g. plasters, cement) and food products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, treatment of articles by dipping and pouring, handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders), roller or brushing applications, industrial spraying, the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, calendering operations and high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles, in processing aids at industrial sites, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates) and industrial abrasion processing with high release rate (e.g. sanding operations or paint stripping by shot-blasting).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, laboratory work, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure and transfer of substance into small containers.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, formulation of mixtures and formulation in materials.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier.

Response statements

In case of incident: Immediately call a poison center or doctor/physician. If in eyes: rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do – continue rinsing. If eye irritation persists get medical advice/attention.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • "Alventa" Spółka Akcyjna, Karola Olszewskiego 25 32-566 Alwernia Małopolskie Poland
  • Adesso BioProducts AS, Öraveien 2 1630 Gamle Fredrikstad Norway
  • Anorel NV, Lintsesteenweg 632 2540 Hove Antwerpen Belgium
  • Argent Energy (UK) Ltd, Biggar Road ML1 5FA Motherwell United Kingdom
  • Arysta LifeScience Germany GmbH, Kölnstr. 107 50321 Brühl Germany Germany
  • BASF SE, Carl-Bosch-Str. 38 67056 Ludwigshafen am Rhein Rheinland-Pfalz Germany
  • Beiersdorf Manufacturing Hamburg GmbH, Troplowitzstraße 10 22529 Hamburg Germany
  • BIO-Diesel Krems GmbH, Karl-Mierka-Strasse 7-9 3500 Krems Nierderösterreich Austria
  • Biodiesel Argent B.V., Hornweg 61 1044 AN Amsterdam Netherlands
  • Biodiesel Kärnten GmbH, Industriestrasse 29 9601 Arnoldstein Austria
  • Bioeton Deutschland GmbH, Pritzwalker Straße 18 16866 Kyritz Germany
  • Biosint S.p.A., Via Murillo 16 04013 Sermoneta Italy
  • Borealis Agrolinz Melamine GmbH, St. Peter-Str. 25 4021 Linz Austria
  • CF Fertilisers UK Ltd, Ince CH2 4LB Chester Cheshire United Kingdom
  • Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited (Beijing Leili Marine Bioindustry Inc.), Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • Chevron Oronite SA M/I, Le Corosa 1, rue Eugène et Armand Peugeot CS10022 92508 Rueil-Malmaison Cedex France
  • Covestro Deutschland AG, Kaiser-Wilhelm-Allee 60 51373 Leverkusen Germany
  • Daka Denmark A/S, Dakavej 10 DK-8723 Loesning Denmark
  • DeltaChem GmbH, Gildenstrasse 36 D-48157 Münster Germany
  • EAI Thüringer Methylesterwerke GmbH, Am Bahnhof 13 07570 Harth-Pöllnitz / OT Niederpöllnitz Thüringen Germany
  • EASTCHEM SP. Z O.O., ul. Kromołowska 78 42-400 ZAWIERCIE SLASKIE Poland
  • Eco FUELS netherlands B.V, Westlob 6 NL-9979 XJ Eemshaven Netherlands
  • ecoMotion GmbH, Brüeler Chaussee 3 19406 Sternberg Germany
  • Elin Verd SA, Pigon 33 14564 Athens Greece
  • ENERFUEL, S.A., Lote 17 do Loteamento da Parcela E da ZILS Monte Feio, Sines 7520-064 Sines Portugal
  • ESTENER, 4270 route de la Brèque 76600 Le Havre France
  • EuroChem Agro GmbH, Reichskanzler-Müller-Staße 23 68165 Mannheim Baden-Württemberg Germany
  • Fertinagro Tecnos Máxima S.L.U., Ctra. Mora de Rubielos, km 1,8 44424 Teruel Sarrión Spain
  • German Biofuels GmbH, Am Hünengrab 9 16928 Pritzwalk OT Falkenhagen Germany
  • GLACONCHEMIE GmbH, Beunaer Straße 4 06217 Merseburg Germany
  • Green Biofuels Ireland Ltd, Marshmeadows Y34 TV72 New Ross Co. Wexford Ireland
  • Greenergy Biofuels Teesside Limited, 198 High Holborn WC1V 7BD London United Kingdom
  • Grupa Azoty Zaklady Chemiczne "POLICE" Spolka Akcyjna, Kuznicka 1 72-010 Police Poland
  • Haifa North West Europe BVBA-SO, Generaal de Wittelaan 17, bus 16 B-2800 Mechelen Belgium
  • Haldor Topsoe A/S, Nymøllevej 50 DK28000 Lyngby Denmark
  • Heliopotasse SA, 25 place de la réunion 68100 Mulhouse France
  • HH Compliance Ltd., Rubicon Building, CIT Campus Bishopstown none Cork Ireland
  • HOESCH Metallurgie GmbH, Birkesdorfer Strasse 5 52353 Düren Germany
  • ICL Fertilizers Europe C.V., Fosfaatweg 48 1013BM Amsterdam Noord-Holland Netherlands
  • INTERTEC srl, Via Nazionale, 3 52011 BIBBIENA (AR) Italy
  • K+S KALI GmbH, Bertha-von-Suttner-Straße 7 34131 Kassel Hessen Germany
  • Kemira Kemi AB, Industrigatan 83 SE-25109 HELSINGBORG Sweden
  • Knoell NL-OR-S33, Agro Business Park 75 6708 PV Wageningen Netherlands
  • LCP Leuna Carboxylation Plant GmbH, Am Haupttor Bau 7629 06237 Leuna Sachsen-Anhalt Germany
  • Lifosa-6, Juodkiskio 50 LT-57502 Kedainiai Lithuania
  • MARCHI INDUSTRIALE SPA, via Trento 16 50139 FIRENZE TOSCANA Italy
  • Mercuria Biofuels Brunsbüttel GmbH & Co. KG, Fährstrasse 51 D-25541 Brunsbüttel Germany
  • Münzer Bioindustrie GmbH, Ölhafen Lobau, Uferstr. 12 1220 Wien Austria
  • Münzer Paltental GmbH, Loebenerbrückenweg 206 8783 Gaishorn am See Austria
  • North Sea Biodiesel AS, Øraveien 2 1630 Gamle Fredrikstad Norway
  • Oligo SA, Poligono Industrial Nuevo Puerto Calle A s/n 21810 Palos de la Frontera (Huelva) Spain
  • ORLEN Południe S.A., Fabryczna 22 32-540 Trzebinia Malopolska Poland
  • Petrokemija d.d. Kutina, Aleja Vukovar 4 HR-44320 Kutina Croatia
  • PHOSINT LIMITED, 21 Vasili Michailidi 3026 Limassol Cyprus
  • Prefere Melamines GmbH, Alt Fechenheim 34 60386 Frankfurt am Main Germany Germany
  • PURITY CHEMICALS S.L., Av. Tren Expreso, Parcelas 82-84 34200 Venta de Baños Palencia Spain
  • Ramboll Environment & Health GmbH, Werinherstraße 79 Gebäude 32a 81541 München Germany
  • REACH24H CONSULTING GROUP, Paramount Court, Corrig Road, Sandyford Dublin18 Dublin Ireland
  • REACH24H CONSULTING GROUP, Paramount Court, Corrig Road, Sandyford Dublin 18 Dublin Ireland
  • Rosier Nederland B.V., Westkade 38a 4551 BV Sas van Gent Netherlands
  • ROSIER S.A., 11a, Route de Grandmetz 7911 Moustier Hainaut Belgium
  • SAINT-GOBAIN ABRASIVES SP Z.O.O., 239 - 241 UL.TORUNSKA VOIVIDIE WIELKOPOLSKIE 62600  KOLO Poland
  • SAINT-GOBAIN ABRASIVI SPA, 4 VIA PER CESANO BOSCONE 20094 CORSICO Italy
  • Salinen Austria AG, Steinkogelstrasse 30 4802 Ebensee Austria
  • SC AZOMURES SA, Gheorghe Doja 540237 TARGU MURES MURES Romania
  • SEGE SA, Ethnikis Antistaseos 84 15231 Chalandri Greece
  • SIA "BIO-VENTA", Ziemeļu Street 21F LV 3602 Ventspils Latvia
  • SMAR SRL, via G. Cesare 21 C.da boscorotondo 97013 Comiso RG Italy
  • Soda Blaster International B.V., Silodam 102 1013 AS Amsterdam Netherlands
  • SQM Europe N.V., Houtdok – Noordkaai 25a 2030 Antwerpen Belgium
  • SQM International N.V., Houtdok-Noordkaai 25a 2030 Antwerp Belgium
  • SUCRERIE DE TOURY ET USINES ANNEXES, Avenue de la sucrerie 28310 TOURY France
  • Syngenta Hellas AEBE, Anthousas Avenue 153 49 Anthousa-Attiki Greece
  • Tecosol GmbH, Marktbreiter Str. 74 97199 Ochsenfurt Germany
  • TEREOS FRANCE, 11 rue pasteur 02390 Origny sainte Benoîte France
  • Tessenderlo Group N.V., Troonstraat 130 BE-1050 Brussel Belgium
  • The Acta Group EU BVBA (BE35), Place du Luxembourg 2 1050 Brussels Belgium
  • TIMAC AGRO, 27 Avenue Franklin Roosevelt BP 70158 35408 SAINT-MALO France
  • TIMAC AGRO ITALIA SPA, Strada Montodine Gombito 26010 Ripalta Arpina Cremona Italy
  • Tyrolit Schleifmittelwerke Swarovski K.G., Swarovskistrasse 33 6130 Schwaz Tirol Austria
  • UAB " Mestilla", Kretainio g.5 LT-94103 Klaipeda Lithuania
  • UmEnA GmbH, Bachfeld 17 4211 Alberndorf Austria
  • Uralchem Assist, Johannssenstrasse 10 30159 Hannover Germany
  • Vital Fettrecycling GmbH, Fürst-zu-Salm-Straße 18 46325 Borken Germany
  • Yara France, IMMEUBLE OPUS 12 77 ESPLANADE DU GENERAL DE GAULLE CS 90047 92914 PARIS LA DEFENSE CEDEX France
  • Yara Suomi Oy, Bertel Jumgin aukio 9 FI-02600 Espoo Finland
  • Latochema Co Ltd, 98,Georgiou Papandreou 54655 Thessaloniki Greece
  • Produits Chimiques de Loos SAS, 22, rue Clémenceau - BP 39 FR-59374 Loos Nord Pas-de-Calais France
  • Trammo SARL, 23 Rue Balzac 75008 Paris France

Other names

  • -
  • Dipotassium sulfate
  • dipotassium sulphate
  • Potassium Sulfate
  • Potassium sulfate (KHSO4<1%)
  • POTASSIUM SULPHATE
  • Sels de potasse
  • SOP
  • Sulphate of Potash
  • Potassium sulfate
  • ABS-P69
  • Acid potassium sulfate
  • Arcanite
  • Dipotassium sulfate
  • Dipotassium sulphate
  • Extraits de vinasses
  • HORTISUL
  • K2SO4
  • KALISOP
  • Kalium sulphuricum
  • Kaliumsulfat
  • MagPlon NPK 5-9-18
  • MagPlon NPK z borem 5-9-23 + 0,1
  • MagPlon PK 11-24
  • Monopotassium hydrogen sulfate
  • Monopotassium sulfate
  • Multi-SOP
  • Multi-SOP 0-0-51+42.5SO3
  • potash of sulfur
  • Potassium acid sulfate
  • Potassium bisulfate
  • Potassium bisulphate
  • Potassium hydrogen sulfate
  • Potassium hydrogensulphate
  • Potassium hydrosulfate (KHSO4)
  • Potassium Sulfate
  • Potassium Sulfate soluble grade
  • Potassium Sulphate
  • Potassium sulphate (technical grade)
  • Sels de potassium
  • soluSOP
  • SOP
  • SOP-3 MC
  • Sulfate of potash
  • Sulfato de potasa
  • Sulfato de potasio
  • Sulfuric acid dipotassium salt
  • Sulfuric acid potassium salt
  • sulfuric acid, potassium salt
  • Sulphate of Potash
  • ®. SOP
  • Potassium sulfate
  • potassium sulphate
  • Sulfuric acid potassium salt (1:2)

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [1]
C Form
Crystalline (50%), Powder (25%), Other (25%) [4]
C Odour
Odourless (100%) [1]
C Substance type
Inorganic (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Melting / freezing point
1 067 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
1 067 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Density

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Density
2.66 g/cm³ [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Relative density at 20°C
2.66

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Water solubility

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
120 g/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Water solubility
120 g/L @ 25 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flash point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flammability

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Non flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oxidising
No (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers

No summary exists for this scientific endpoint

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Viscosity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Henrys law constant (H)

Data not provided by the registrant

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 680 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) 6.8 mg/L (1)
Marine water 68 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 10 mg/L (1)
Sediment (freshwater) Insufficient data available (further information necessary) (1)
Sediment (marine water) Insufficient data available (further information necessary) (1)
Hazard for Air
Air -
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil Insufficient data available (further information necessary) (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning No potential for bioaccumulation (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 680 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
LC50 for freshwater fish
680 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (48 h) 720 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater invertebrates
720 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (18 days) 2.7 g/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for freshwater algae
2.7 g/L
EC10 or NOEC for freshwater algae
100 mg/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for microorganisms
100 mg/L
EC10 or NOEC for microorganisms
100 mg/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 37.6 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 21.3 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
EYE Exposure
-
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 11.1 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 12.8 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 12.8 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: - -
EYE Exposure
-

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC0 (4 h) 3.6 mg/m³ air (rat) [1]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Study cannot be used for classification [1]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Eye
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 256 - 1 500 mg/kg bw/day [4]
LOAEL (rat): 1 500 mg/kg bw/day [1]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 2 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: developmental
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant