Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

  • EC / List name: Lead sulfochromate yellow
  • IUPAC name: lead(2+) ion dioxochromiumbis(olate)
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
215-693-7
CAS no.:
1344-37-2
Index number:
082-009-00-X
Molecular formula:
CrH2O4Pb
SMILES:
[PbH2++].[O-][Cr]([O-])(=O)=O
InChI:
InChI=1S/Cr.4O.Pb.2H/q;;;2*-1;+2;; AuxInfo=1/0/N:2;3;4;5;6;1;7;8/rA:6Pb2+2CrOOO-O-/rB:;d2;d2;s2;s2;/rC:0,-1.54,0;4.62,-1.54,0;4.62,0,0;4.62,-3.08,0;6.16,-1.54,0;3.08,-1.54,0;
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Inorganic
Registered compositions:
7
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (ATP01) approved by the European Union, this substance may cause cancer, may damage the unborn child and is suspected of damaging fertility, is very toxic to aquatic life, is very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects and may cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations identifies that this substance may damage fertility or the unborn child, may cause an allergic skin reaction and may cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled.

Breakdown of all 329 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Aquatic Acute 1 H400 Harmonised Classification
STOT RE 2 H373 Harmonised Classification
Carc. 1B H350 Harmonised Classification
Repr. 1A H360Df Harmonised Classification
Aquatic Chronic 1 H410 Harmonised Classification
Skin Sens. 1 H317
Resp. Sens. 1 H334
Not Classified
Carc. 2 H351
Repr. 2 H361
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

  • C
  • R
  • Ss
  • Sr

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 6 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Substance of very high concern (SVHC) and included in the candidate list for authorisation.
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Substance of very high concern requiring authorisation before it is used (Annex XIV of REACH).
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
This substance is subject to the Prior Informed Consent regulation and to export notification procedure from 03-Dec-2015
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 1 000 - 10 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation, the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding) and hot work operations with metals (e.g. welding, soldering, gouging, brazing, flame cutting).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, formulation in materials and in the production of articles. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: vehicles and machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical/electronic products (e.g. computers, cameras, lamps, refrigerators, washing machines). This substance can be found in products with material based on: plastic (e.g. food packaging and storage, toys, mobile phones), stone, plaster, cement, glass or ceramic (e.g. dishes, pots/pans, food storage containers, construction and isolation material), rubber (e.g. tyres, shoes, toys) and wood (e.g. floors, furniture, toys).

This substance is used in the following products: coating products and polymers.

This substance is used in the following areas: building & construction work. This substance is used for the manufacture of: plastic products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of substance into small containers, transfer of chemicals, non-industrial spraying, mixing in open batch processes, industrial spraying, production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation, calendering operations, roller or brushing applications, treatment of articles by dipping and pouring and hand mixing with intimate contact only with personal protective equipment available.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles, formulation of mixtures and formulation in materials. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use, outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials), indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment) and outdoor use resulting in inclusion into or onto a materials (e.g. binding agent in paints and coatings or adhesives).

This substance is used in the following products: polymers, coating products and textile treatment products and dyes.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, transfer of substance into small containers, mixing in open batch processes and production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation in materials and formulation of mixtures.

This substance is used in the following products: coating products and polymers.

This substance is used in the following areas: building & construction work. This substance is used for the manufacture of: plastic products, fabricated metal products and machinery and vehicles.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: industrial spraying, non-industrial spraying, calendering operations, roller or brushing applications, treatment of articles by dipping and pouring, hand mixing with intimate contact only with personal protective equipment available, transfer of substance into small containers, mixing in open batch processes, production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation and high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use, outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials), indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment) and outdoor use resulting in inclusion into or onto a materials (e.g. binding agent in paints and coatings or adhesives).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities, transfer of substance into small containers, potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens) and high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

ECHA has no data from registration dossiers on the precautionary measures for using this substance. Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • Bruchsaler Farbenfabrik GmbH & Co. KG, Talstrasse 37 76646 Bruchsal Baden-Württemberg Germany
  • DCC Maastricht B.V. OR, Sortieweg 39 6219 NT Maastricht Netherlands
  • Habich GmbH, Weitenegg 5 A-3652 Leiben Austria
  • Heubach GmbH, Heubachstr. 7 38685 Langelsheim Niedersachsen Germany
  • Poliversal, Av. Fontes Pereira de Melo, 31, 2º A 1050-117 Lisboa Portugal
  • REACh ChemAdvice GmbH, Am Marktplatz 5 65779 Kelkheim (Taunus) Germany
  • BASF Pigment GmbH, Carl-Bosch Str. 38 67056 Ludwigshafen am Rhein Rheinland-Pfalz Germany
  • Ferro Performance Pigments Spain,S.L., Vitoria 19 01400 Llodio Alaba Spain

Other names

  • -
  • C.I. Pigment Yellow 34
  • chromic acid, lead (+2) salt
  • Lead Sulfochromate Yellow
  • Lead Sulfochromate yellow 1344-37-2
  • lead sulfochromate yellow; C.I. Pigment Yellow 34; [This substance is identified in the Colour Index by Colour Index Constitution Number, C.I. 77603.]
  • lead sulphochromate yellow
  • lead(2+) ion dioxochromiumbis(olate)
  • LEAD-SULFOCHROMATE-YELLOW-
  • PIGMENT YELLOW 34
  • [This substance is identified in the Colour Index by Colour Index Constitution Number, C.I. 77603.]
  • C.I. Pigment Yellow 34 (This substance is identified in the Colour Index by Colour Index Constitution Number, C.I. 77603.)
  • Lead sulfochromate yellow
  • Lead sulfochromate yellow (-)
  • Lead sulfochromate yellow (C.I. Pigment Yellow 34) (-)
  • lead sulfochromate yellow (This substance is identified in the Colour Index by Colour Index Constitution Number, C.I. 77603.)
  • [This substance is identified in the Colour Index by Colour Index Constitution Number, C.I. 77603.] (This substance is identified in the Colour Index by Colour Index Constitution Number, C.I. 77603.)
  • Bleisulfochromatgelb
  • BRUFASOL Yellow 16015
  • BRUFASOL Yellow 16017
  • BRUFASOL Yellow 16018
  • BRUFASOL Yellow 16019
  • BRUFASOL Yellow 1727M
  • BRUFASOL Yellow 311M
  • BRUFASOL Yellow 311MS
  • BRUFASOL Yellow 4711 MS
  • BRUFASOL Yellow 835 M
  • BRUFASOL Yellow 83S3
  • BRUFASOL Yellow 860 M
  • BRUFASOL Yellow 86S5
  • C 103
  • C 103 (pigment)
  • C.I. 77600
  • C.I. 77603
  • C.I. Pigment Yellow 34 (9CI)
  • C.P. Chrome Yellow Light 1066
  • C.P. Chrome Yellow Light 1074
  • C.P. Chrome Yellow Medium 1074
  • C.P. Chrome Yellow Medium 1085
  • C.P. Chrome Yellow Medium 1298
  • Chromastral Green HM
  • Chromastral Green M
  • Chromastral Green Y
  • Chrome Fast Green C.P.
  • Chrome orange
  • Chrome yellow
  • Chrome Yellow 10G
  • Chrome Yellow 4G
  • Chrome Yellow 4GL Light
  • Chrome Yellow 500LSG
  • Chrome Yellow 5G
  • Chrome Yellow 5GF
  • Chrome Yellow 62E
  • Chrome Yellow 6GL Primrose
  • Chrome Yellow A 241
  • Chrome Yellow G
  • Chrome Yellow GL Medium
  • Chrome Yellow Lemon
  • Chrome Yellow LF AA
  • Chrome yellow light
  • Chrome Yellow Light Y 434D
  • Chrome yellow medium
  • Chrome Yellow Medium Y 469D
  • Chrome yellow middle
  • Chrome Yellow NEO 5GS
  • Chrome Yellow Pigment GMN 35
  • Chrome Yellow Primrose
  • Chromium yellow
  • Dainichi Chrome Yellow 10G
  • Dainichi Chrome Yellow 5G
  • Dark chrome yellow
  • DCC Krolor Yellow KY 781
  • DCC Krolor Yellow KY 787
  • DCC Krolor Yellow KY 788
  • DCC Krolor Yellow KY 795
  • DCC Krolor Yellow KY 895
  • DCC Yellow 1000
  • DCC Yellow 1002
  • DCC Yellow 1003
  • DCC Yellow 1004
  • DCC Yellow 1009
  • DCC Yellow 1012
  • DCC Yellow 1013
  • DCC Yellow 1014
  • DCC Yellow 1016
  • DCC Yellow 1018
  • DCC Yellow 1019
  • DCC Yellow 1025
  • DCC Yellow 1026
  • DCC Yellow 1027
  • DCC Yellow 1028
  • DCC Yellow 1031
  • DCC Yellow 1032
  • DCC Yellow 1034
  • DCC Yellow 1036
  • DCC Yellow 1037
  • DCC Yellow 1077
  • DCC Yellow 1080
  • DCC Yellow 1091
  • DCC Yellow 2603
  • DCC Yellow 2603R
  • DCC Yellow 4019
  • DCC Yellow 4020
  • DCC Yellow 4034
  • DCC Yellow 5003
  • DCC Yellow 5012
  • DCC Yellow 5020
  • DCC Yellow 5021
  • DCC Yellow 5022
  • DCC Yellow 5026
  • DCC Yellow 5035
  • DCC Yellow 5036
  • DCC Yellow 5037
  • DCC Yellow 9160
  • DCC Yellow 9259
  • DCC Yellow Y 935
  • DCC Yellow Y 936
  • DCC Yellow Y-933-LD
  • DCC Yellow Y-934-LD
  • DCC Yellow Y-958-LD
  • DCC Yellow Y-969-LD
  • Duromineral® Gelb
  • Duromineral® Yellow
  • Dynaterm Yellow 34
  • HEUCOTRON T-Yellow 8064
  • HEUCOTRON T-Yellow 8064K
  • HEUCOTRON T-Yellow 8070
  • Krolor Yellow KY 788D
  • KZh 2
  • KZh 3
  • Lead sulfochromate yellow
  • Lemon Chrome A 3G
  • Lemon Chrome C 4G
  • Light chrome yellow
  • Medium chrome yellow
  • Middle chrome
  • Middle Chrome BHG
  • Pigment Yellow 34
  • Primrose chrome
  • Primrose yellow
  • Pure Lemon Chrome 24882
  • Pure Lemon Chrome 3GN
  • Pure Lemon Chrome HL 3G
  • Pure Lemon Chrome L 3G
  • Pure Lemon Chrome L 3GS
  • Pure Middle Chrome 24883
  • Pure Middle Chrome LG
  • Pure Primrose Chrome 24880
  • Pure Primrose Chrome 24881
  • Pure Primrose Chrome L 10G
  • Pure Primrose Chrome L 6G
  • Renol Chrome Yellow Y 2G
  • Renol Chrome Yellow Y 2RS
  • Resino Yellow NSR 107
  • RW34S
  • RW37C
  • RW37D
  • RW37G
  • RW37H
  • RW37U
  • RW38D
  • RW38F
  • RW38H
  • RW38S
  • Supra Lemon Chrome 4G
  • Supra Lemon Chrome H 4G
  • Supra Middle Chrome G
  • Supra Primrose Chrome 6G
  • Vynamon Yellow 6GN
  • Vynamon Yellow CRN
  • C.I. Pigment Yellow 34

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [2]
C Form
Powder (100%) [2]
C Odour
Odourless (100%) [2]
C Substance type
Other (100%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
800 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
800 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Density

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Density
6 g/cm³ [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Relative density at 20°C
6

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Water solubility

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
3 - 500 µg/L @ 22 °C and pH 6 - 8 [7]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Water solubility
36.8 µg/L @ 20 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 3
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flash point

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flammability

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Non flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Oxidising
No (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Viscosity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Data not provided by the registrant

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other 3
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Bioaccumulation Factor (BCF) - L/kg ww
1 553 L/kg ww

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 4
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Henrys law constant (H)

Data not provided by the registrant

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 4 summaries processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 2.7 - 100 µg/L (4)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) 2.7 - 1 000 µg/L (4)
Marine water 270 - 10 000 ng/L (4)
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 100 - 1 000 000 µg/L (3)
Sediment (freshwater) 700 - 174 000 µg/kg sediment dw (2)
Sediment (marine water) 700 - 17 400 µg/kg sediment dw (2)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (3)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 35 - 166 000 µg/kg soil dw (2)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning 500 - 17 000 µg/kg food (2)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 100 - 10 000 mg/L [3]
NOEC (4 days) 100 - 10 000 mg/L [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
LC50 for freshwater fish
10 g/L

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (1.129 years) 1 - 3.95 mg/L [3]
NOEC (60 days) 1 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 100 mg/L [2]
EC0 (48 h) 100 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater invertebrates
100 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (21 days) 700 µg/L [1]
LC50 (21 days) 300 - 2 000 µg/L [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 100 mg/L [2]
NOEC (72 h) 100 mg/L [2]
EC10 (72 h) 100 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for freshwater algae
100 mg/L
EC10 or NOEC for freshwater algae
50 mg/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (30 min) 10 g/L [4]
EC10 (30 min) 10 g/L [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (28 days) 19 - 28 mg/L [4]
LC50 (10 days) 48 - 65 mg/L [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (14 days) 350 - 3 500 µg/kg soil dw [2]
EC50 (14 days) 1.8 - 7.4 mg/kg soil dw [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DMEL) 66.7 ng/m³ carcinogenicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DMEL) 5 mg/kg bw/day developmental toxicity / teratogenicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: Medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
EYE Exposure
-

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study 7
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 10 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [4]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: eye
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Skin
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Eye
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Respiratory
No study available

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
Adverse effect observed (sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
Adverse effect observed (sensitising)

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route - systemic effects:
Adverse effect observed LOAEL 75.4 mg/kg bw/day (subchronic, dog)

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 18 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 12
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 12 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4 2
Supporting study 2 2
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 1 2
Supporting study 1 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: developmental
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant