Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

  • EC / List name: Sodium sulfide (Na2(Sx))
  • IUPAC name: disodium sulfanediide
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
215-686-9
CAS no.:
1344-08-7
Index number:
016-010-00-3
Molecular formula:
Na2S
SMILES:
[Na+].[Na+].[S--]
InChI:
InChI=1S/2Na.S/q2*+1;-2
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Inorganic
Registered compositions:
10
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (CLP00) approved by the European Union, this substance is toxic if swallowed, causes severe skin burns and eye damage and is very toxic to aquatic life.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations identifies that this substance is toxic in contact with skin, causes serious eye damage and may be corrosive to metals.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications identifies that this substance is self-heating and may catch fire.

Breakdown of all 196 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Acute Tox. 3 H301 Harmonised Classification
Skin Corr. 1B H314 Harmonised Classification
Aquatic Acute 1 H400 Harmonised Classification
Eye Dam. 1 H318
Self-heat. 1 H251
Met. Corr. 1 H290
Acute Tox. 3 H311
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 10 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 10 000+ tonnes per year.

This substance is used in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance and for thermoplastic manufacture.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or into which articles the substance might have been processed.

This substance is used in the following products: pH regulators and water treatment products.

This substance is used for the manufacture of: textile, leather or fur.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities, transfer of substance into small containers, laboratory work and manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use as reactive substance.

This substance is used in the following products: pH regulators and water treatment products, water treatment chemicals, leather treatment products, paper chemicals and dyes and electrolytes for batteries.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, transfer of substance into small containers, laboratory work and mixing in open batch processes.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures and formulation in materials.

This substance is used in the following products: pH regulators and water treatment products, water treatment chemicals, textile treatment products and dyes, adhesives and sealants, metal surface treatment products, leather treatment products and polymers.

This substance is used in the following areas: municipal supply (e.g. electricity, steam, gas, water) and sewage treatment. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals, textile, leather or fur, rubber products, plastic products and metals.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, laboratory work, mixing in open batch processes, transfer of substance into small containers, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure and batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: as processing aid, as processing aid, for thermoplastic manufacture, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), in processing aids at industrial sites, in the production of articles and of substances in closed systems with minimal release.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of substance into small containers and laboratory work.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance and for thermoplastic manufacture.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: keep only in original packaging; do not breathe the dust, fume, gas, mist, vapours or spray; do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product; avoid release to the environment; wash parts of the body (as specified by manufacturer/supplier)in contact with substance thoroughly after handling; wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier.

Response statements

In case of incident: If swallowed: immediately call a poison center or doctor/physician. If on skin (or hair): take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water or shower. If inhaled: remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Absorb spillage to prevent material damage. Collect spillage. If swallowed: rinse mouth. Do not induce vomiting. If in eyes: rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do – continue rinsing.

Storage statements

Store this substance in a corrosive resistant container with a resistant inner liner (or in other specified container type).

Disposal statements

The substance must be disposed in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulation.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • Akzo Nobel Functional Chemicals GmbH, Liebigstraße 7 07973 Greiz Thuringia Germany
  • APLICACIÓN Y SUMINISTROS TEXTILES, S.A., Av. Camí Reial 13-15 Pol. Ind. Riera de Caldes 08184 Palau-Solità i Plegamans Barcelona Spain
  • ARCHROMA IBÉRICA, S.L., ZAL-Prat c/Cal Coracero, 46-56 08820 El Prat de Llobregat Spain
  • ENVIGO CRS SAU 154, Centro Industrial Santiga - Carrer Argenters, 6 08130 Santa Perpetua de Mogoda Barcelona Spain
  • Evonik Antwerpen NV, Tijsmanstunnel West 2040 Antwerpen 4 Flanders Belgium
  • ICS GmbH, Im Chemiepark Bitterfeld-Wolfen Areal B An der Bahn 1 06803 Bitterfeld-Wolfen Sachsen-Anhalt Germany
  • PPG Europe B.V. in its legal capacity as Only Representative of PRC DeSoto International Inc. - OR5, Amsterdamseweg 14 1422 AD Uithoorn Netherlands
  • Quadrimex Sulfur Chemicals GmbH & Co. KG, Am Haupttor Bau 3651 06237 Leuna Sachsen-Anhalt Germany
  • [Confidential], [Confidential]

Other names

  • -
  • disodium sulfanediide
  • Natriumpolysulfid
  • SODIUM POLYSULFIDE
  • sodium polysulphide
  • sodium polysulphides
  • Sodium sulfane
  • Sodium sulfide
  • Sodium sulfide (Na2(Sx))
  • SODIUM SULPHIDE (Na2(Sx))
  • sodiumpolysulfide
  • sodium polysulphides
  • Sodium sulfide (Na2(Sx))
  • Sodium polysulfide
  • Sodium polysulfide lye

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [1]
C Form
Other (100%) [1]
C Odour
Other (100%) [1]
C Substance type
Inorganic (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
-6.2 - 278 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
230 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Density

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Density
2.123 g/cm³ @ 20 °C [1]
R Relative density
1.203 - 2.124 @ 20 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Relative density at 20°C
1.203

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Vapour pressure
0 Pa @ 20 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Vapour pressure
0 Pa @ 20 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Water solubility

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
1 000 g/L @ 20 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Water solubility
1 g/L @ 20 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flash point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Autoflammability / self-ignition at 101 325 Pa
240 °C

Flammability

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Non flammable (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Non flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Non-explosive (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Dissociating properties
Yes (100%) [1]
R Dissociation constant
7.02 - 9.56 @ 23 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Viscosity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R kinematic viscosity (in mm²/s)
2.16 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Static viscosity at 20 °C
2.16 mm²/s

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Data not provided by the registrant

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 20 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 18
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Biodegradation in water
Readily biodegradable (100%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Henrys law constant (H)

Data not provided by the registrant

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 11.09 mg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) 17.66 mg/L (1)
Marine water 1.109 mg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 800 mg/L (1)
Sediment (freshwater) 2.75 mg/kg sediment dw (1)
Sediment (marine water) 275 µg/kg sediment dw (1)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 1.54 mg/kg soil dw (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning No potential for bioaccumulation (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 7.96 g/L [1]
LC50 (48 h) 7.96 g/L [1]
LC50 (24 h) 8.08 g/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
LC50 for freshwater fish
7.96 g/L

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (48 h) 1.766 - 6.499 g/L [8]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater invertebrates
1.766 g/L

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LOEC (7 days) 1.329 - 4.436 g/L [4]
EC50 (7 days) 1.698 - 2.156 g/L [2]
LC50 (7 days) 3.03 - 3.611 g/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC for marine invertebrates
1.109 g/L

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (5 days) 1.9 g/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for freshwater algae
1.9 g/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (37 days) 8 - 26 g/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 or NOEC for microorganisms
8 g/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 757 - 4 222 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 2.89 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 840 µg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 1.68 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: Medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Local Effects
Long-term: Medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Medium hazard (no threshold derived)
EYE Exposure
Medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Local Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Local Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
EYE Exposure
Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 6
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Bioaccumulation potential:
No bioaccumulation potential
Absorption values
Oral: 100 %
Dermal: 100 %
Inhalation: 100 %

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 82.5 - 130 mg/kg bw (rat) [5]
M/CInterpretations of results
Category 3 based on GHS criteria [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 590 - 1 650 mg/kg bw (rabbit) [2]
M/CInterpretations of results
Category 4 based on GHS criteria [1]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
Adverse effect observed (corrosive)

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Study data: inhalation
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEC (rat): 14 - 111 mg/m³ air [4]
NOAEC (rat): 10 - 80 ppm [4]
NOAEC (mouse): 14 - 111 mg/m³ air [2]
NOAEC (mouse): 10 - 80 ppm [2]

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: developmental
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Study results
  • 13 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 4 9
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant