Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

  • EC / List name: Dicopper oxide
  • IUPAC name:
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
215-270-7
CAS no.:
1317-39-1
Index number:
029-002-00-X
Molecular formula:
SMILES:
InChI:
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Inorganic
Registered compositions:
7
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (ATP09) approved by the European Union, this substance is very toxic to aquatic life, is very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects, is harmful if swallowed, causes serious eye damage and is harmful if inhaled.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications identifies that this substance is harmful in contact with skin.

Breakdown of all 512 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Aquatic Acute 1 H400 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 4 H302 Harmonised Classification
Aquatic Chronic 1 H410 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 4 H332 Harmonised Classification
Eye Dam. 1 H318 Harmonised Classification
Eye Irrit. 2 H319
Acute Tox. 4 H312
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

At least one notifier has indicated that an impurity or an additive present in the substance impacts the notified classification.

Properties of concern

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 12 active registrations under REACH, 2 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
This substance is approved for use as a Biocidal Active Substance
Biocidal Products:
There are 0 authorised Biocidal Product(s) that use this substance as an active ingredient

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 1 000 - 10 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is approved for use as a biocide in the EEA and/or Switzerland, for: preventing fouling.

This substance is used in the following products: fertilisers, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, inks and toners, paper chemicals and dyes and polymers.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use and outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: industrial abrasion processing with low release rate (e.g. cutting of textile, cutting, machining or grinding of metal). Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment) and outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials).

This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical/electronic products (e.g. computers, cameras, lamps, refrigerators, washing machines). This substance can be found in products with material based on: stone, plaster, cement, glass or ceramic (e.g. dishes, pots/pans, food storage containers, construction and isolation material), rubber (e.g. tyres, shoes, toys) and plastic (e.g. food packaging and storage, toys, mobile phones).

This substance is used in the following products: metal surface treatment products, welding & soldering products, fertilisers, coating products, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, inks and toners and polymers.

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging, building & construction work, agriculture, forestry and fishing and printing and recorded media reproduction. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals, rubber products, plastic products, mineral products (e.g. plasters, cement), metals, fabricated metal products, electrical, electronic and optical equipment and machinery and vehicles.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of chemicals, non-industrial spraying, treatment of articles by dipping and pouring, hot work operations with metals (e.g. welding, soldering, gouging, brazing, flame cutting), mixing in open batch processes, transfer of substance into small containers, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, hand mixing with intimate contact only with personal protective equipment available, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and roller or brushing applications.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners), outdoor use, outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids), outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance is used in the following products: fertilisers, adsorbents, metals, coating products, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, metal surface treatment products, hydraulic fluids, inks and toners, pH regulators and water treatment products, polymers and welding & soldering products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of substance into small containers, mixing in open batch processes, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation and closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), formulation in materials, in the production of articles, manufacturing of the substance, in processing aids at industrial sites and as processing aid. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance is used in the following products: metal surface treatment products, adsorbents, pH regulators and water treatment products, polymers, welding & soldering products, fertilisers, metals, coating products, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay and inks and toners. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging and building & construction work. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals and metals.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of substance into small containers, mixing in open batch processes, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation and closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), as processing aid, in processing aids at industrial sites and formulation of mixtures.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities, transfer of substance into small containers, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, mixing in open batch processes, industrial spraying, roller or brushing applications, treatment of articles by dipping and pouring, production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation, laboratory work and hot work operations with metals (e.g. welding, soldering, gouging, brazing, flame cutting).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, formulation of mixtures, in processing aids at industrial sites, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), as processing aid and formulation in materials.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area; do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product; avoid release to the environment; wash parts of the body (as specified by manufacturer/supplier)in contact with substance thoroughly after handling; wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier; avoid breathing the dust, fume, gas, mist, vapours or spray.

Response statements

In case of incident: Call a poison center or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. If inhaled: remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Immediately call a poison center or doctor/physician. Collect spillage. If in eyes: rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do – continue rinsing. Rinse the mouth. If swallowed: call a poison center or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.

Disposal statements

The substance must be disposed in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulation.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • Bardyke Chemicals Ltd, Hamilton Road G72 7XJ Cambuslang Scotland United Kingdom
  • Cambridge Environmental Assessments, part of RSK ADAS Europe (Ireland) Ltd, Office Suite B, Bluebell Business Centre Old Naas Road, Dublin D12 XV7K Dublin Ireland
  • EMSA TECNOLOGIA QUIMICA, S.A., Av. Diagonal 662-664 Planta 2 Módulo B 08034 Barcelona Catalunya Spain
  • ERICO B.V., Jules Verneweg 75 5015 BG Tilburg Netherlands
  • Haldor Topsoe A/S, Nymøllevej 50 DK28000 Lyngby Denmark
  • James M. Brown Limited, Napier Street Fenton ST4 4NX Stoke-on-Trent Staffordshire United Kingdom
  • Nordox AS, Ostensjoveien 13 N-0661 Oslo Norway
  • QUIMETAL INTERNACIONAL, REGISTROS E INVERSIONES, CALLE APOLONIO MORALES, NUM 6 PLANTA CALLE 28036 MADRID Spain
  • RCL Ireland (010), 6th Floor, South Bank House Barrow Street D04 TR29 Dublin Ireland
  • RCL Ireland (012), 6th Floor, South Bank House Barrow Street D04 TR29 Dublin Ireland
  • Spiess-Urania Chemicals GmbH, Frankenstraße 18b 20097 Hamburg Germany
  • The Acta Group EU BVBA (BE30), Place du Luxembourg 2 1050 Brussels Denmark
  • Arcerion GmbH, Gabrielenstr. 15 80636 Muenchen Germany
  • Yara UK Ltd, Harvest House Europarc DN37 9TZ Grimsby N.E.LincolnshireUK United Kingdom

Other names

  • (cupriooxy)copper
  • -
  • 029-002-00-X
  • Copper (I) Oxide
  • Copper hydrate
  • copper hydrate.
  • Copper oxide (Cu2O)
  • copper(1+);oxygen(2-)
  • Copper(I) oxide
  • Copper(I)oxide
  • Cuprous oxide
  • Dicopper Oxide
  • copper (I) oxide
  • Dicopper oxide
  • copper (1) oxide
  • Copper hemioxide
  • Copper nordox
  • Copper oxide
  • Copper oxide, red
  • Copper protoxide
  • Copper suboxide
  • Cupper oxide
  • Cuprous oxide
  • Dicopper monoxide
  • dicopper oxide
  • Red copper oxide
  • Yellow Cuprocide

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [1]
C Form
Powder (100%) [1]
C Odour
Odourless (100%) [1]
C Substance type
Inorganic (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Melting / freezing point
399.85 °C @ 101.72 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Boiling point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Density

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Bulk density
5.87 g/cm³ @ 20 °C [1]
R Relative density
5.87 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Water solubility

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
539 - 28 600 000 µg/L @ 20 °C and pH 4 - 9.8 [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flash point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flammability

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidising

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Viscosity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 45 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 26 1
Weight of evidence 13 5
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Study results
  • 14 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 3 1
Weight of evidence 7 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 35 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 24 3
Weight of evidence 3 5
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Henrys law constant (H)

Data not provided by the registrant

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 7.8 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) -
Marine water 5.2 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 230 µg/L (1)
Sediment (freshwater) 87 mg/kg sediment dw (1)
Sediment (marine water) 676 mg/kg sediment dw (1)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 65 mg/kg soil dw (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning No potential for bioaccumulation (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 46 studies submitted
  • 44 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 2.8 - 9 150 µg/L [265]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 7 36
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 25 studies submitted
  • 18 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (11 months) 14.5 - 33 µg/L [3]
NOEC (10.9 months) 10.6 µg/L [3]
NOEC (9 months) 66 µg/L [1]
NOEC (8.133 months) 17.4 µg/L [3]
NOEC (6.3 months) 9.5 µg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 5 2
Weight of evidence 18
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 17 studies submitted
  • 14 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 33.8 - 1 213 µg/L [44]
LC50 (48 h) 7 - 200 µg/L [67]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence 9 5
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 48 studies submitted
  • 42 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (8 months) 8.3 - 13.8 µg/L [2]
NOEC (3.333 months) 11 - 19.1 µg/L [2]
NOEC (63 days) 13 µg/L [1]
NOEC (56 days) 10 µg/L [1]
NOEC (46 days) 9.9 µg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 5 1
Weight of evidence 42
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 16 studies submitted
  • 15 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (10 days) 32 µg/L [1]
EC50 (7 days) 32 µg/L [1]
EC50 (4 days) 47 µg/L [1]
EC50 (72 h) 16.5 - 987 µg/L [68]
NOEC (19 days) 10.2 - 50.1 µg/L [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 9 6
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (7 days) 30 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (3.333 months) 25 µg/L [1]
NOEC (30 days) 230 - 450 µg/L [2]
NOEC (4 days) 3.818 mg/L [1]
NOEC (48 h) 3.563 - 3.8 mg/L [2]
NOEC (24 h) 320 - 640 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence 5
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 or NOEC for microorganisms
230 µg/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (35 days) 30.6 - 97.4 mg/kg sediment dw [4]
NOEC (28 days) 18.3 - 580.9 mg/kg sediment dw [54]
NOEC (21 days) 23.4 - 44.9 mg/kg sediment dw [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 27 studies submitted
  • 21 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (10 years) 42.3 - 105.3 mg/kg soil dw [8]
NOEC (9.8 months) 139.6 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (4.833 months) 34 - 64.6 mg/kg soil dw [3]
NOEC (3.667 months) 73 - 150 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (84 days) 56 - 150 mg/kg soil dw [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence 21
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 12 studies submitted
  • 11 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (56 days) 200 - 800 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (42 days) 200 - 1 000 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (28 days) 27.9 - 1 000 mg/kg soil dw [46]
NOEC (28 days) 177 mg/cm² [1]
NOEC (21 days) 400 - 1 000 mg/kg soil dw [11]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 12
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 19 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (28 days) 42 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (4 days) 42 - 147 mg/kg soil dw [2]
EC10 (7 months) 42 - 158 mg/kg soil dw [2]
EC10 (6.533 months) 181 - 192 mg/kg soil dw [2]
EC10 (5.833 months) 78 mg/kg soil dw [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 10
Weight of evidence 9
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 16 studies submitted
  • 11 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (1.573 years) 400 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (1.479 years) 55 - 400 mg/kg soil dw [3]
NOEC (1.342 years) 150 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (49 days) 118 - 468 mg/kg soil dw [3]
NOEC (28 days) 25 - 2 400 mg/kg soil dw [23]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence 11
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
Medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 41 µg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 82 µg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
EYE Exposure
Medium hazard (no threshold derived)

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 28 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 26 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 928 - 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [3]
M/CInterpretations of results
Harmful [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4.5 h) 5 mg/L air (rat) [1]
LC50 (4 h) 2.92 - 30 mg/L air (rat) [6]
M/CInterpretations of results
Harmful [1]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 6
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Not classified [1]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 5
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 1 000 ppm [1]
NOAEL (mouse): 1 000 ppm [1]
LOAEL (rat): 2 000 ppm [1]
LOAEL (mouse): 2 000 ppm [1]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Study data: inhalation
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 2 mg/m³ air [1]
LOEL (rat): 200 µg/m³ air [1]

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: in vivo
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: developmental
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant