Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

  • EC / List name: Cadmium sulphide
  • IUPAC name: cadmium(2+) sulfanediide
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
215-147-8
CAS no.:
1306-23-6
Index number:
048-010-00-4
Molecular formula:
CdS
SMILES:
[S--].[Cd++]
InChI:
InChI=1S/Cd.S/q+2;-2
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Inorganic
Registered compositions:
5
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (CLP00) approved by the European Union, this substance may cause cancer, causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure, is harmful if swallowed, is suspected of causing genetic defects, is suspected of damaging fertility and the unborn child and may cause long lasting harmful effects to aquatic life.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications identifies that this substance is very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects, is very toxic to aquatic life and is suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child.

Breakdown of all 181 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Carc. 1B H350 Harmonised Classification
STOT RE 1 H372 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 4 H302 Harmonised Classification
Muta. 2 H341 Harmonised Classification
Repr. 2 H361fd Harmonised Classification
Aquatic Chronic 4 H413 Harmonised Classification
Aquatic Chronic 1 H410
Aquatic Acute 1 H400
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

  • C

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 6 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Substance of very high concern (SVHC) and included in the candidate list for authorisation.
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):
Some uses of this substance are restricted under Annex XVII of REACH.

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
This substance is subject to the Prior Informed Consent regulation and to export notification procedure from 06-Jan-2003
Annex V:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 10 - 100 tonnes per year.

This substance is used in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation, the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles and high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, in the production of articles, manufacturing of the substance, formulation in materials and as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates). Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: electrical batteries and accumulators and machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical/electronic products (e.g. computers, cameras, lamps, refrigerators, washing machines). This substance can be found in products with material based on: stone, plaster, cement, glass or ceramic (e.g. dishes, pots/pans, food storage containers, construction and isolation material).

This substance is used in the following products: laboratory chemicals, perfumes and fragrances and cosmetics and personal care products. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging and scientific research and development.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, mixing in open batch processes, transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities, transfer of substance into small containers and laboratory work.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, formulation of mixtures, in processing aids at industrial sites, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates) and as processing aid. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use as processing aid and outdoor use as processing aid.

This substance is used in the following products: pH regulators and water treatment products, laboratory chemicals and cosmetics and personal care products. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities, transfer of substance into small containers, potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, mixing in open batch processes, laboratory work and closed processes with no likelihood of exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, manufacturing of the substance, in the production of articles, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates) and formulation in materials.

This substance is used in the following products: pH regulators and water treatment products, laboratory chemicals, semiconductors, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay and cosmetics and personal care products. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging and scientific research and development. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals, mineral products (e.g. plasters, cement) and electrical, electronic and optical equipment.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of substance into small containers, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, mixing in open batch processes, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), in the production of articles, formulation of mixtures and manufacturing of the substance.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, transfer of chemicals, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of substance into small containers, potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders), laboratory work, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and mixing in open batch processes.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, formulation of mixtures, in the production of articles, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), in processing aids at industrial sites and as processing aid.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product; use personal protective equipment as required.; avoid release to the environment.

Response statements

In case of incident: If exposed or concerned: get medical advice/attention. Collect spillage.

Disposal statements

The substance must be disposed in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulation.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • 5N PV GmbH, Oderlandstrasse 104 15890 Eisenhüttenstadt Brandenburg Germany
  • Fintex Chemie s.r.o., Národní 365/43 110 00 Praha 1 - Staré město Czech Republic
  • Flaurea Chemicals SA, Quai des usines 12 7800 Ath Hainaut Belgium
  • I.C.B. srl, via San Giuliano 4 30173 Venice Italy
  • James M. Brown Limited, Napier Street Fenton ST4 4NX Stoke-on-Trent Staffordshire United Kingdom
  • Venator Pigments UK Limited, Liverpool Road East ST7 3AA Kidsgrove Staffordshire United Kingdom
  • 5N Plus GmbH, Oderlandstrasse 104 15890 Eisenhüttenstadt Brandenburg Germany
  • UMCO Umwelt Consult GmbH, Georg-Wilhelm-Straße 187 21107 Hamburg Germany

Other names

  • -
  • cadmium sulfide
  • Cadmium sulphide
  • cadmium(2+) sulfanediide
  • cadmium(II)sulfide
  • cadmium(II)sulphide
  • CdS
  • sulfanylidenecadmium
  • Cadmium sulphide

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [2]
C Form
Powder (100%) [2]
C Odour
Odourless (100%) [2]
C Substance type
Inorganic (100%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Boiling point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Density

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Density
4.81 g/cm³ @ 22 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Relative density at 20°C
4.81

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Water solubility

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
0.6 ng/L @ 20 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Water solubility
0.6 ng/L @ 20 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flash point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flammability

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidising

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Viscosity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Data not provided by the registrant

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 38 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 28
Weight of evidence 2 6
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Study results
  • 56 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 30
Supporting study 26
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Henrys law constant (H)

Data not provided by the registrant

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 190 ng/L (2)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) -
Marine water 1.14 µg/L (2)
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 20 µg/L (2)
Sediment (freshwater) 1.8 mg/kg sediment dw (2)
Sediment (marine water) 640 µg/kg sediment dw (2)
Hazard for Air
Air -
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 900 µg/kg soil dw (2)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning 160 µg/kg food (2)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 14 studies submitted
  • 14 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (24 days) 34 - 2 300 µg/L [4]
LC50 (4 days) 748 - 6 470 µg/L [10]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 14
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 40 studies submitted
  • 32 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (2.959 years) 900 - 6 400 ng/L [8]
NOEC (4.2 months) 1.1 µg/L [2]
NOEC (3.333 months) 4.1 - 8.1 µg/L [4]
NOEC (84 days) 12 µg/L [2]
NOEC (65 days) 1.1 µg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 32
Supporting study 8
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 17 studies submitted
  • 17 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (24 h) 1.9 mg/L [2]
LC50 (48 days) 110 - 750 µg/L [5]
LC50 (4 days) 5 - 1 820 µg/L [4]
LC50 (72 h) 8.88 µg/L [2]
LC50 (60 h) 15.8 µg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 17
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 130 studies submitted
  • 98 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (9 months) 50 - 100 µg/L [4]
NOEC (6 months) 320 µg/L [2]
NOEC (3 months) 100 µg/L [2]
NOEC (60 days) 100 - 160 µg/L [6]
NOEC (35 days) 100 - 106 µg/L [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 102
Supporting study 2 26
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 24 studies submitted
  • 18 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 18 - 120 µg/L [10]
NOEC (5 days) 63 µg/L [2]
NOEC (72 h) 2.4 µg/L [3]
NOEC (24 h) 850 - 27 000 ng/L [6]
LOEC (24 h) 1.9 µg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 18
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
EC50 for freshwater algae
18 µg/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (3 h) 200 - 32 600 µg/L [4]
LOEC (3 h) 800 - 100 000 µg/L [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
EC10 or NOEC for microorganisms
200 µg/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (1.074 years) 115 mg/kg sediment dw [2]
NOEC (28 days) 1 370 mg/kg sediment dw [2]
NOEC (72 h) 1 226.4 mg/kg sediment dw [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 6
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 14 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (3.667 months) 10 mg/kg soil dw [4]
NOEC (84 days) 150 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (21 days) 10 mg/kg soil dw [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study 8
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 16 studies submitted
  • 13 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (42 days) 22 - 320 mg/kg soil dw [6]
NOEC (35 days) 148 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (28 days) 25 - 80 mg/kg soil dw [8]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 13
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 26 studies submitted
  • 8 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (3.333 months) 1.8 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (28 days) 7.1 - 29 mg/kg soil dw [4]
NOEC (10 days) 3.12 - 100 mg/kg soil dw [12]
NOEC (72 h) 20 mg/kg soil dw [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 8
Supporting study 18
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 20 studies submitted
  • 10 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (1.726 years) 150 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (1.573 years) 400 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (1.534 years) 55 - 3 000 mg/kg soil dw [6]
NOEC (1.342 years) 150 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (10.033 months) 150 mg/kg soil dw [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 10
Supporting study 10
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 8 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (3 months) 1.6 mg/kg diet [2]
NOEC (84 days) 10 mg/kg diet [4]
NOEC (42 days) 38 mg/kg diet [2]
NOEC (28 days) 12 mg/kg diet [2]
LOEC (3 months) 15.2 mg/kg diet [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 8
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 4 µg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 4 µg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: - -
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
EYE Exposure
-
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 1 µg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: - -
EYE Exposure
-

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 8 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 63 - 2 330 mg/kg bw (rat) [4]
LD50 63 - 890 mg/kg bw (mouse) [4]
M/CInterpretations of results
Other [6]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 8
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 38 studies submitted
  • 24 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (3 h) 4.6 - 8.4 mg/m³ air (rat) [4]
LC50 (2 h) 4.5 - 132 mg/m³ air (rat) [8]
LC50 (30 min) 8.63 mg/m³ air (rat) [2]
LC50 (15 min) 9.02 mg/m³ air (mouse) [2]
LC50 (2 h) 4.5 mg/m³ air (rabbit) [4]
M/CInterpretations of results
Very toxic [4]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 24
Supporting study 14
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 2
Other
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Study data: eye
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Skin
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Eye
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Respiratory
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Study data: respiratory
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 2
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: developmental
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant