Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

  • EC / List name: 1,1-dichloroethylene
  • IUPAC name: 1,1-dichloroethene
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
200-864-0
CAS no.:
75-35-4
Index number:
602-025-00-8
Molecular formula:
C2H2Cl2
SMILES:
ClC(Cl)=C
InChI:
InChI=1S/C2H2Cl2/c1-2(3)4/h1H2
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Organic
Registered compositions:
11
Of which contain:
1 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (CLP00) approved by the European Union, this substance is an extremely flammable liquid and vapour, is harmful if inhaled and is suspected of causing cancer.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations identifies that this substance causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure, may cause cancer, is harmful if swallowed, causes serious eye irritation and is harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications identifies that this substance is fatal if inhaled, is toxic if swallowed and causes skin irritation.

Breakdown of all 778 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Flam. Liq. 1 H224 Harmonised Classification
Carc. 2 H351 Harmonised Classification
Aquatic Chronic 3 H412
Eye Irrit. 2 H319
Acute Tox. 3 H301
Acute Tox. 4 H332 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 1 H330
Skin Irrit. 2 H315
Acute Tox. 3 H331
Acute Tox. 4 H302
STOT RE 2 H373
STOT RE 1 H372
Carc. 1B H350
Aquatic Chronic 2 H411
Flam. Gas 1 H220
https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/more.png 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

  • C

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 13 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):
Some uses of this substance are restricted under Annex XVII of REACH.

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
This substance is subject to the Prior Informed Consent regulation and to export notification procedure from 03-Dec-2015
Annex V:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 10 000 - 100 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or into which articles the substance might have been processed.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the types of manufacture using this substance.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

This substance is used in the following products: polymers. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals, rubber products and plastic products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation and laboratory work.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: for thermoplastic manufacture, in processing aids at industrial sites and as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities and laboratory work.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: do not breathe the dust, fume, gas, mist, vapours or spray; keep away from heat, sparks, open flames and/or hot surfaces – No smoking; use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area; obtain special instructions before use; use explosion-proof equipment (electrical/ventilating/lighting/etc.); avoid release to the environment; wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier.

Response statements

In case of incident: If exposed or concerned: get medical advice/attention.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • AGC Chemicals Europe, Ltd., York House Hillhouse FY5 4QD Thornton Cleveleys Lancashire United Kingdom
  • ARKEMA FRANCE, 420 rue d'Estienne d'Orves 92700 COLOMBES France
  • Borchers GmbH-AF, Berghausener Str. 100 40764 Langenfeld Germany
  • Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • Chemservice S.A. (F7R3), 5, an de Laengten 6776 Grevenmacher Luxembourg
  • DSM Coating Resins B.V., Ceintuurbaan 5 8022 AW Zwolle Netherlands
  • Envigo Consulting Limited, Woolley Road Alconbury PE28 4HS Huntingdon Cambridgeshire United Kingdom
  • Envigo Research Limited 88, Shardlow Business Park London Road DE72 2GD Shardlow Derbyshire United Kingdom
  • Lubrizol Advanced Materials Europe B.V.B.A, Nijverheidsstraat 30 2260 Westerlo-Oevel Belgium
  • Lubrizol Deutschland GmbH, Max-Planck-Strasse 6 27721 RITTERHUDE Germany
  • Lubrizol Limited 02, The Knowle,Nether Lane DE56 4AN Derby Derbyshire United Kingdom
  • Services Techniques Schlumberger_OR 12, 1, Cours du Triangle 92936 La Défense France
  • SOLVAY OPERATIONS FRANCE, RUE DE CLICHY 25 75009 PARIS France

Other names

  • -
  • 1,1-Dichloroethene
  • 1,1-Dichloroethylene
  • 1,1-Dichloroethylene (stabilized with MEHQ) (in cylinder without valve) [To use this product charged in cylinder, a valve is required which is sold separately (Product Code:V0030)]
  • 1,1-dichloroethylene; vinylidene chloride
  • CV2
  • Dichloroethene
  • VdCl1,1-dichloroethylene
  • Vinylidene chloride
  • 1,1-Dichloroethene
  • 1,1-dichloroethylene
  • vinylidene chloride
  • 1,1-Dichloroethene
  • CV2
  • VDC
  • Vinylidene chloride

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%) [4]
C Odour
Sweetish (100%) [3]
C Substance type
Organic (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
-122.6 - -122.5 °C @ 101.3 kPa [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 5
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
-122.65 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
R Boiling point
31.56 - 31.7 °C @ 101.325 - 301.3 kPa [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 5
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
31.45 °C

Density

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
R Density
1.21 g/cm³ @ 20 °C [2]
R Relative density
1.21 - 1.29 @ -20 - 20 °C [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 5
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Relative density at 20°C
1.215

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
R Vapour pressure
10 - 100 kPa @ -21.4 - 31.2 °C [10]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Vapour pressure
66.34 kPa @ 20 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
R Log Pow
1.6 - 2.13 @ 25 °C [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Log Kow (Log Pow)
2.13 @ 20 °C

Water solubility

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
2.5 g/L @ 20.5 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Water solubility
2.5 g/L @ 21 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Surface tension

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flash point

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
R Flash point
-30 - -16 °C [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 5
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flash point at 101 325 Pa
-28.15 °C

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Autoflammability / self-ignition
460 - 570 °C [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Autoflammability / self-ignition at 101 325 Pa
512.85 °C

Flammability

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
Extremely flammable (100%) [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Extremely flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidising

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Viscosity

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
R dynamic viscosity (in mPa s)
0.33 - 0.449 [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Dynamic viscosity at 20 °C
0.358 mPa.s

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
R Dissipation half life (DT50)
2 - 113.28 h [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1 2 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Half life in air
57 h

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Under test conditions no biodegradation observed (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Biodegradation in water
Under test conditions no biodegradation observed (100%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Koc at 20°C
52

Henrys law constant (H)

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R H - (pressure) m³/mol
2 572 Pa m³/mol @ 20 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Henry's law constant
2 572 Pa.m³.mol-1 @ 20 °C

Distribution modelling

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
% Distribution in Media:
R Air 23.2 % [1]
R Water 76.5 % [1]
R Soil 0.006 % [1]
R Sediment 0.27 % [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers

No summary exists for this scientific endpoint

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 9.12 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) 91.2 µg/L (1)
Marine water 912 ng/L (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 2 g/L (1)
Sediment (freshwater) 80 µg/kg sediment dw (1)
Sediment (marine water) 8 µg/kg sediment dw (1)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil No exposure of soil expected (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning 6 mg/kg food (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (13 days) 29.3 mg/L [1]
LC50 (7 days) 29.3 mg/L [1]
LC50 (72 h) 107.9 mg/L [1]
LC10 (13 days) 19.9 mg/L [1]
LC10 (7 days) 19.9 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
LC50 for freshwater fish
107.9 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 37 mg/L [1]
EC50 (24 h) 39 mg/L [1]
NOEC (48 h) 29.4 mg/L [1]
NOEC (24 h) 29.4 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater invertebrates
37 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 9.12 mg/L [1]
EC10 (72 h) 3.94 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater algae
9.12 mg/L
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC for freshwater algae
3.94 mg/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (17 h) 2 g/L [1]
EC10 (17 h) 2 g/L [1]
EC100 (17 h) 2 g/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC
2 g/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DMEL) 1.792 mg/m³ carcinogenicity
Acute /short term: (DNEL) 38 mg/m³ acute toxicity
Local Effects
Long-term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 1.5 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Local Effects
Long-term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
EYE Exposure
Medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DMEL) 32 µg/m³ carcinogenicity
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Local Effects
Long-term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Local Effects
Long-term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 90 µg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: Low hazard (no threshold derived)
EYE Exposure
Medium hazard (no threshold derived)

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study 3 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Bioaccumulation potential:
No bioaccumulation potential

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
approx. LD50 1 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Toxicity Category IV [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1 1
Weight of evidence 4 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 h) 28.35 - 40.78 mg/L air (rat) [3]
LC50 (60 min) 113.42 - 168.13 mg/L air (rat) [3]
M/CInterpretations of results
Not classified [1]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 7 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: eye
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Eye
Adverse effect observed (irritating)
Respiratory
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 9 - 10 mg/kg bw/day [2]
LOAEL (rat): 14 - 19.3 mg/kg bw/day [2]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 21 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LOAEC (rat): 100 mg/m³ air [1]

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 19 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route - systemic effects:
Adverse effect observed NOAEL 9 mg/kg bw/day (chronic, rat)
Inhalation route - systemic effects:
Adverse effect observed NOAEC 26.7 mg/m³ (subchronic, rat)
Inhalation route - local effects:
Adverse effect observed LOAEC 26.7 mg/m³ (subchronic, rat)

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 15 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 7
Weight of evidence 8
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 9
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 16 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 15 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Inhalation route:
Adverse effect observed LOAEC 26.7 mg/m³ (chronic, mouse)

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 5
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: developmental
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant