Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

EC / List no.:
200-839-4
CAS no.:
75-10-5
Index number:
Molecular formula:
CH2F2
SMILES:
FCF
InChI:
InChI=1S/CH2F2/c2-1-3/h1H2
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Organic
Registered compositions:
13
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations this substance is an extremely flammable gas.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications identifies that this substance may cause genetic defects and may cause cancer.

Breakdown of all 260 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Flam. Gas 1 H220
Muta. 1B H340
Carc. 1A H350
Press. Gas (Liq.) H280
Press. Gas (Comp.) H280
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 27 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 10 000 - 100 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is used in the following products: heat transfer fluids.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, transfer of substance into small containers and manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: of substances in closed systems with minimal release. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters), outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids), indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment) and outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials).

This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: vehicles and machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical/electronic products (e.g. computers, cameras, lamps, refrigerators, washing machines).

This substance is used in the following products: heat transfer fluids.

This substance is used for the manufacture of: machinery and vehicles and electrical, electronic and optical equipment.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. cooling liquids in refrigerators, oil-based electric heaters) and outdoor use in close systems with minimal release (e.g. hydraulic liquids in automotive suspension, lubricants in motor oil and break fluids).

This substance is used in the following products: laboratory chemicals and heat transfer fluids.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of substance into small containers, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities and laboratory work.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures.

This substance is used in the following products: laboratory chemicals, heat transfer fluids and semiconductors.

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging. This substance is used for the manufacture of: machinery and vehicles.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of substance into small containers, transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities, laboratory work and closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: of substances in closed systems with minimal release, in the production of articles and as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities, transfer of substance into small containers, laboratory work and closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: keep away from heat, sparks, open flames and/or hot surfaces – No smoking.

Response statements

In case of incident: In case of leakage eliminate all ignition sources. In case of leaking gas fire do not extinguish unless leak can be stopped safely.

Storage statements

Store this substance protected from sunlight and in a well-ventilated place.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • Samsung Electronics Poland Manufacturing Sp. z o.o., Adama Mickiewicza 52 64-510 Wronki Poland
  • AIR LIQUIDE FRANCE INDUSTRIE, 6 rue Cognacq Jay 75007 PARIS 7EME ARRONDISSEMENT France
  • ARKEMA FRANCE, 420 rue d'Estienne d'Orves 92700 COLOMBES France
  • Arthur Friedrichs Kältemittel GmbH, Bei den Kämpen 22 21220 Seevetal Seevetal Ramelsloh Germany
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • Chemours Netherlands B.V., Baanhoekweg 22 3313 LA Dordrecht Netherlands
  • Daikin Chemical Europe GmbH, Am Wehrhahn 50 40211 Duesseldorf Germany
  • Daikin Refrigerants Europe GmbH, Industriepark Höchst 65926 Frankfurt am Main Germany
  • Danfoss A/S, Nordborgvej 81, 6430 Nordborg Denmark
  • Gkouskos Dimitrios, Kalliagkaki 6 32100 Livadeia Greece
  • Honeywell Belgium NV OR-1000, Gaston Geenslaan 14 - 2nd Floor Arenberg Wetenschapspark B-3001 Heverlee Belgium
  • Honeywell Fluorine Products Europe BV, Stationsplein Zuid-West 961 1117 CE Schiphol-Oost Netherlands
  • Honeywell Fluorine Products Europe OR, Laarderhoogtweg 18 1101 EA Amsterdam Netherlands
  • likedeelers GmbH, Hallbergstr. 10 40239 Düsseldorf Germany
  • Mariel Srl, Via Olubi, 5 28013 Gattico Novara Italy
  • Mexichem Fluor EU B.V., Stationsplein 3 8011 CW Zwolle Netherlands
  • Mexichem UK Limited, The Heath Business and Technical Park WA7 4QX Runcorn Cheshire United Kingdom
  • MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEMS EUROPE LTD, NETTLEHILL ROAD HOUSTOUN INDUSTRIAL ESTATE EH54 5EQ LIVINGSTON WEST LOTHIAN United Kingdom
  • REACH COMPLIANCE SERVICES LIMITED, Suite 1E, Paramount Court, Corrig Road, Sandyford Dublin 18 Dublin Ireland
  • REACH24H CONSULTING GROUP, Suite 1E, Paramount Court, Corrig Road, Sandyford Dublin 18 Dublin Ireland
  • REACH24H CONSULTING GROUP, Paramount Court, Corrig Road, Sandyford Dublin 18 Dublin Ireland
  • Samsung Electronics Polska sp. z o.o., 14 ul. Postępu 02-676 Warszawa Poland
  • SCAS Europe S.A./N.V., Leonardo Da Vincilaan 19 B-1831 Diegem Belgium
  • Tazzetti S.A., C/ Roma nº. 2 Torres de la Alameda 28813 Madrid Spain
  • Tazzetti S.p.A., Corso Europa 600/a 10088 Volpiano Torino Italy
  • ARKEMA QUIMICA S.A, Ctra. Olzinelles, s/n 08470 SANT CELONI BARCELONA Spain
  • SOLVAY-FLUORES-FRANCE S.A.S., RUE DE CLICHY 25 75009 PARIS France

Substance names and other identifiers

Difluoromethane
EC Inventory, REACH pre-registration, Other
DIFLUOROMETHANE (REFRIGERANT GAS R 32)
Other
Methane, difluoro-
Other
difluormethane
C&L Inventory
Difluorométhane
C&L Inventory
Forane® 32
Registration dossier
HFC 32
Registration dossier
HFC-32
Registration dossier
R 32
Registration dossier
R-32
Registration dossier
1,1-Difluoromethane
Registration dossier
Carbon fluoride hydride (CF2H2)
Registration dossier
DIFLUORMETHAN
Registration dossier
F 32
Registration dossier
Forane 32
Registration dossier
Freon 32
Registration dossier
Genetron 32
Registration dossier
HFC32
Registration dossier
Khladon 32
Registration dossier
Methylene difluoride
Registration dossier
Methylene Fluoride
Registration dossier
R 32 (refrigerent)
Registration dossier
R32
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
R32 Difluoromethane
Registration dossier
SOLKANE ®32
Registration dossier
75-10-5
CAS number
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, Registration dossier, REACH pre-registration, Other

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Gaseous (100%) [2]
C Odour
Odourless (100%) [2]
C Substance type
Organic (100%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
-136 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
-51.6 °C

Density

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Vapour pressure
1 119 - 1 701 kPa @ 10.17 - 25 °C [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Vapour pressure
1 701 kPa @ 25 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Log Pow
0.21 @ 25 °C and pH 6.1 - 6.4 [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Log Kow (Log Pow)
0.21 @ 25 °C

Water solubility

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 4 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Water solubility
1.68 g/L @ 25 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flash point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Autoflammability / self-ignition
530 °C @ 101.8 kPa [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flammability

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
Extremely flammable (100%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Flammability
Extremely flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidising

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Oxidising
No (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Dissociating properties
No (100%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Viscosity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Half life in air
3.389 years

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Biodegradation in water
Under test conditions no biodegradation observed (100%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Henrys law constant (H)

Data not provided by the registrant

Distribution modelling

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers

No summary exists for this scientific endpoint

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 142 µg/L (2)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) 1.42 mg/L (2)
Marine water No data: aquatic toxicity unlikely (2)
Intermittent releases (marine water) No data: aquatic toxicity unlikely (2)
Sewage treatment plant (STP) No emission to STP expected (2)
Sediment (freshwater) 534 µg/kg sediment dw (2)
Sediment (marine water) No exposure of sediment expected (2)
Hazard for Air
Air Hazard related to composition of atmosphere identified (1)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil No exposure of soil expected (2)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning No potential for bioaccumulation (2)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 1.507 g/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
LC50 for freshwater fish
1.507 g/L

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 2
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 652 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater invertebrates
652 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 2
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (4 days) 142 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
EC50 for freshwater algae
142 mg/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other 1
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 7 035 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 750 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
Local Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: - -
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
inhalation
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LC0 (4 h) 520 000 ppm (rat) [2]
M/CInterpretations of results
Practically nontoxic [2]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: inhalation
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 49 100 ppm [2]

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 4
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 14 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 6
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Toxicity - InVivo
No adverse effect observed (negative)

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: developmental
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant