Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

  • EC / List name: Chloroethane
  • IUPAC name: chloroethane
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
200-830-5
CAS no.:
75-00-3
Index number:
602-009-00-0
Molecular formula:
C2H5Cl
SMILES:
CCCl
InChI:
InChI=1S/C2H5Cl/c1-2-3/h2H2,1H3
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Organic
Registered compositions:
8
Of which contain:
1 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (CLP00) approved by the European Union, this substance is an extremely flammable gas, is suspected of causing cancer and is harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications identifies that this substance causes severe skin burns and eye damage and contains gas under pressure and may explode if heated.

Breakdown of all 500 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Flam. Gas 1 H220 Harmonised Classification
Carc. 2 H351 Harmonised Classification
Aquatic Chronic 3 H412 Harmonised Classification
Skin Corr. 1A H314
Press. Gas (Comp.) H280
Acute Tox. 3 H302
Eye Dam. 1 H318
Pyr. Sol. 1 H250
Met. Corr. 1 H290
Press. Gas Harmonised Classification
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 14 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 1 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 100+ tonnes per year.

This substance is used by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or into which articles the substance might have been processed.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the types of manufacture using this substance.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: non-industrial spraying.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use as processing aid and outdoor use as processing aid.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation and transfer of substance into small containers.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures.

This substance is used in the following products: fuels and pH regulators and water treatment products. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals and rubber products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), in processing aids at industrial sites, as processing aid and manufacturing of the substance.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities and transfer of substance into small containers.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates) and of substances in closed systems with minimal release.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: keep away from heat, sparks, open flames and/or hot surfaces – No smoking; obtain special instructions before use; use personal protective equipment as required.; avoid release to the environment.

Response statements

In case of incident: If exposed or concerned: get medical advice/attention.

Storage statements

Store this substance in a well-ventilated place and keeping container tightly closed.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • Ashland Services BV (0311), Noordweg 9 3336 LH Zwijndrecht Netherlands
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77, Dublin, Ireland D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre HW77 D02 Dublin Ireland
  • Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service(CIRS) Limited(Tianpu Chemicals Company Limited), Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • Innospec Limited, Innospec Manufacturing Park Oil Sites Road CH65 4EY Ellesmere Port Cheshire United Kingdom
  • INOVYN Sverige AB, Hjälmarevägen 444 83 Stenungsund Sweden
  • Lanxess Deutschland GmbH, Kennedyplatz 1 50569 Köln Germany
  • Nouryon Functional Chemicals AB, Stenunge Allé 3 - SE-444 85 Stenungsund - Sweden
  • Oxiteno Europe OR2, Avenue de Tervuren, 273, box 8 1150 Woluwe Saint Pierre Belgium
  • SI Group UK (UKAA) Ltd, Tenax Road M17 1WT Manchester United Kingdom
  • Specialty Electronic Materials Netherlands B.V. OR-1, Herbert H. Dowweg 5 4542NM Hoek Netherlands
  • VESTOLIT GmbH, Paul-Baumannstr. 1 45772 Marl Germany

Other names

  • -
  • ChlorethanRD_CLP_75-00-3_ ETHANE, CHLORO-_V1_20180115_TS
  • CHLOROETHANE
  • Chloroethane (in cylinder without valve) [To use this product charged in cylinder, a valve is required which is sold separately (Product Code:V0030)]
  • ETHYL CHLORIDE
  • Chlorethan
  • Chlorethyl
  • Chloroethane
  • Ethane, chloro-
  • Ethyl Chloride
  • Ethylchlorid

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Gaseous (100%) [2]
C Form
Not specified (100%) [1]
C Odour
Other (100%) [2]
C Substance type
Organic (100%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Gaseous (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Melting / freezing point
142.5 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Boiling point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Density

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Vapour pressure
62.33 - 188.7 kPa @ 0 - 30 °C [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Vapour pressure
134.2 kPa @ 20 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
R Log Pow
1.43 - 1.58 @ 25 °C and pH 2 - 8 [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Water solubility

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
5.74 - 8.192 g/L @ 20 - 25 °C and pH 2 - 8 [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Water solubility
5.74 g/L @ 20 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flash point

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Flash point
-49.444 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Autoflammability / self-ignition
519 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flammability

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Extremely flammable (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Extremely flammable liquified gas (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Oxidising

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Viscosity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Dissipation half life (DT50)
39.725 days [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 6
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Half life in air
39.725 days

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R BOD5
1.49 mg O2/g test material [1]
C Interpretation of results
Not inherently biodegradable (50%), Under test conditions no biodegradation observed (50%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Henrys law constant (H)

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R H - (pressure) m³/mol
659.626 - 1 570.537 Pa m³/mol @ 10.3 - 34.6 °C [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Distribution modelling

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
% Distribution in Media:
R Air 52.1 - 99.7 % [2]
R Water 0.328 - 43.2 % [2]
R Soil 0.008 - 4.54 % [2]
R Sediment 0 - 0.118 % [2]
R Suspended sediment 0 % [1]
R Biota 0 % [1]
R Aerosol 0 % [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers

No summary exists for this scientific endpoint

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 58 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) 580 µg/L (1)
Marine water 5.8 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 140 mg/L (1)
Sediment (freshwater) 307.4 µg/kg sediment dw (1)
Sediment (marine water) 30.74 µg/kg sediment dw (1)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 31.1 µg/kg soil dw (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning No potential for bioaccumulation (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 322.74 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 58 mg/L [1]
EC50 (24 h) 91 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 118 mg/L [1]
EC10 (72 h) 9.4 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC10 (17 h) 140 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: - -
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Local Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Local Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
EYE Exposure
Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Bioaccumulation potential:
No bioaccumulation potential

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
inhalation
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 h) 19 000 ppm (rat) [1]
LC50 (4 h) 19 000 ppm (mouse) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Other [2]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Inhalation route:
No adverse effect observed LC50 50 130 mg/m³

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: eye
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
No study available
Eye
No study available
Respiratory
No study available

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
No study available
Respiratory sensitisation
No study available

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: inhalation
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEC (rat): 50.13 mg/L air [1]
NOAEC (mouse): 50.13 mg/L air [1]

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Toxicity - InVitro
Adverse effect observed (positive)
Toxicity - InVivo
No adverse effect observed (negative)

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 5
Other 1 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: developmental
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Effect on developmental toxicity
Inhalation route:
Adverse effect observed NOAEC 3 558 mg/m³ (subacute, mouse)

Neurotoxicity

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant