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Substance Information

Данни за веществото

Infocards are automatically generated based on industry data. What is an infocard?


Help Substance identity

The ‘Substance identity’ section links substance identification information from all ECHA databases. The substance identifiers displayed in the InfoCard are the substance name, substance identifiers (EC and CAS number) and/or the molecular formula.

Substance identifiers may have been claimed confidential, or may not have been provided, and therefore not displayed.

EC (European Community) number

The EC Number is the numerical identifier for substances in the EC Inventory. The EC Inventory is a combination of three independent European lists of substances from the previous EU chemicals regulatory frameworks (EINECS, ELINCS and the NLP-list). More information about the EC Inventory can be found here.

If the substance was not covered by the EC Inventory, ECHA attributes a list number in the same format, starting with the numbers 6, 7, 8 or 9.

The EC or list number is the primary substance identifier used by ECHA.

CAS (Chemical Abstract Service) registry number

The CAS number is the substance numerical identifier assigned by the Chemical Abstract Service, a division of the American Chemical Society, to substances registered in the CAS registry database. A substance identified primarily by an EC or list number may be linked with more than one CAS number, or with CAS numbers that have become obsolete. In these cases, the preferred CAS number is displayed first and obsolete CAS numbers are displayed in brackets. More information about CAS and the CAS registry can be found here.

Molecular formula

The molecular formula identifies each type of element by its chemical symbol and identifies the number of atoms of each element found in one discrete molecule of the substance. This information is only displayed if the substance is well–defined, if such information is available in ECHA’s database and is it not claimed confidential.

Molecular structure

The molecular structure is based on InChI annotations stored in the ECHA database. The image is a computer–generated visualisation of the InChI character string, which is broadly used as an identifier of chemical structures. This information is only displayed if the substance is well-defined, if such information is available in ECHA’s database and is it not claimed confidential.

More help available here.

EC / List no.: 231-111-4

CAS no.: 7440-02-0

Mol. formula: Ni

No image available
Help Hazard classification and labelling

The ‘Hazard classification and labelling’ section shows the hazards of a substance through a standardised system of statements and pictograms, as has been established under the CLP (Classification Labelling and Packaging) Regulation. The CLP Regulation makes sure that the hazards presented by chemicals are clearly communicated to workers and consumers in the European Union. The CLP Regulation uses the UN Global Harmonised System (GHS) and European Union Specific Hazard Statements (EUH).

This section searches three sources for information (harmonised classification and labelling (CLH), REACH registrations and CLP notifications). The source of the information is mentioned in the introductory sentence of the hazard statements. When information is available in all sources, the first two are displayed as a priority.

Please note:

The purpose of the information provided under this section is to highlight the substance hazardousness in a readable format. It does not represent a new labelling, classification or hazard statement, neither reflect other factors that affect the susceptibility of the effects described, such as duration of exposure or substance concentration (e.g. in case of consumer and professional uses). Other relevant information includes the following:

  • Substances may have impurities and additives that lead to different classifications. If at least one company has indicated that the substance classification is affected by impurities or additives, this will be indicated by an informative sentence. However, substance notifications in the InfoCard are aggregated independently of the impurities and additives.
  • Hazard statements were adapted to improve readability and may not correspond textually to the hazard statements codes description in the European Union Specific Hazard Statements (EUH) or the UN Global Harmonised System (GHS).

To see the full list of notified classifications and to get more information on impurities and additives relevant to classification please consult the C&L Inventory.

More information about Classification and Labelling is available in the Regulations section of ECHA website.

More help available here.

Harmonised classification and labelling (CLH)

Harmonised classification and labelling is a legally binding classification and labelling for a substance, agreed at European Community level. Harmonisation is based on the substance’s physical, toxicological and eco-toxicological hazard assessment.

The ‘Hazard classification’ and labelling section uses the signal word, pictogram(s) and hazard statements of the substance under the harmonised classification and labelling (CLH) as its primary source of information.

If the substance is covered by more than one CLH entry (e.g. disodium tetraborate EC no. 215–540–4, is covered by three harmonisations: 005–011–00–4; 005–011–01–1 and 005–011–02–9), CLH information cannot be displayed in the InfoCard as the difference between the CLH classifications requires manual interpretation or verification. If a substance is classified under multiple CLH entries, a link to the C&L Inventory is provided to allow users to view CLH information associated with the substance, instead of having the information automatically generated in the InfoCard.

It is possible that a harmonisation is introduced through an amendment to the CLP Regulation. In that case, the ATP (Adaptation to Technical Progress) number is displayed.

More info on CLH can be found here.

Classification and labelling under REACH

If available, additional information on classification and labelling (C&L) is derived from REACH registration dossiers submitted by industry. This information has not been reviewed or verified by ECHA, and may change without prior notice. REACH registration dossiers have greater data requirements (support studies) than notifications under CLP.

Notifications under the Classification Labelling and Packaging (CLP) Regulation

If no EU harmonised classification and labelling exists and the substance was not registered under REACH, information derived from classification and labelling (C&L) notifications to ECHA under CLP Regulation is displayed under this section. These notifications can be provided by manufacturers, importers and downstream users. ECHA maintains the C&L Inventory, but does not review or verify the accuracy of the information.

For readability purposes, only the pictograms, signal words and hazard statements referred in more than 5% of the notifications under CLP are displayed.

GHS08: Serious Health Hazard GHS07: Health hazard

Danger! According to the classification provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications this substance causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure, is suspected of causing cancer, is harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects and may cause an allergic skin reaction.

This substance is covered by several Harmonised Classifications and Labelling's (CLH) entries approved by the European Union. Differentiating between the different CLH's entries requires manual verification. To know more about the CLH please visit the C&L Inventory.

Helpful information About this substance

This section provides an overview of the volume in which the substance is manufactured or imported to the European Economic Area (EU28 + Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway). Additionally, if available, information on the use of the substance and how consumers and workers are likely to be exposed to it can also be displayed here.

The use information is displayed per substance life cycle stage (consumer, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites or in manufacturing). The information is aggregated from REACH registered dossiers provided by industry.

For a detailed overview on identified uses and environmental releases, please consult the registered substance dossier.

Use descriptors are adapted from ECHA guidance to improve readability and may not correspond textually to descriptor codes described in Chapter R.12: Use Descriptor system of ECHA Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment.

The examples provided are generic examples and may not apply to the specific substance you are viewing. A substance may have its use restricted to certain articles or products and therefore not all the examples may apply to the specific substance. Furthermore, some substances can be found in an article, but with unlikely exposure (e.g. inside a watch) or with very low concentrations considered not to pose risks to human health or the environment.

Please note:

For readability purpose, only non-confidential use descriptors occurring in more than 5% of total occurrences are displayed.

The described Product category (i.e. the products in which the substance may be used) may refer to uses as intermediate and under controlled conditions, for which there is no consumer exposure.

More help is available here.

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 100 000+ tonnes per year.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

Consumer Uses

This substance is used in the following products: metals.
Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

Article service life

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles, industrial abrasion processing with high release rate (e.g. sanding operations or paint stripping by shot-blasting), industrial abrasion processing with low release rate (e.g. cutting of textile, cutting, machining or grinding of metal), manufacturing of the substance and as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates).
Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).
This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: electrical batteries and accumulators, machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical/electronic products (e.g. computers, cameras, lamps, refrigerators, washing machines) and vehicles.
This substance can be found in products with material based on: metal (e.g. cutlery, pots, toys, jewellery) and stone, plaster, cement, glass or ceramic (e.g. dishes, pots/pans, food storage containers, construction and isolation material).
This substance is intended to be released from: packaging material for metal parts (releasing grease/corrosion inhibitors).

Widespread uses by professional workers

This substance is used in the following products: metals.
This substance is used in the following areas: agriculture, forestry and fishing.
This substance is used for the manufacture of: fabricated metal products and machinery and vehicles.
Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners) and outdoor use.

Formulation or re-packing

This substance is used in the following products: metals, metal surface treatment products and fertilisers.
Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation in materials and formulation of mixtures.

Uses at industrial sites

This substance is used in the following products: metals, metal surface treatment products and welding & soldering products.
This substance is used for the manufacture of: metals, chemicals, fabricated metal products, machinery and vehicles and electrical, electronic and optical equipment.
Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles and as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates).


Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

Help Properties of concern

The ‘Properties of concern’ section shows ECHA-assigned graphical indicators for certain substance properties that are regarded as critical for human health and/or the environment based on the information provided to the Agency. The following properties have been highlighted as critical:

  • C – Carcinogenic (i.e. classified in carcinogenicity categories 1A or 1B). More information about carcinogenicity here.
  • M – Mutagenic (i.e. classified in mutagenicity categories 1A or 1B). More information about mutagenicity here.
  • R – Toxic to reproduction (i.e. classified in reproductive toxicity categories 1A or 1B). More information about reproductive toxicity here.
  • Ss – Skin sensitiser (i.e. classified in skin sensitisation categories 1, 1A or 1B). More information about skin sensitiser here.
  • Sr – Respiratory sensitiser (i.e. classified in respiratory sensitisation categories 1, 1A or 1B). More information about respiratory sensitiser here.
  • PBT – Persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic (PBT). More information about persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic substances here.

The substance properties displayed in this section (with the exception of PBT properties) are derived from harmonised classification and labelling (CLH) and/or REACH registered dossier information. In case the substance classification is not harmonised and the substance is not registered the properties are derived from classifications provided in CLP notifications. PBT properties are derived from REACH registered dossiers.

Critical property indentification: Where less than 90% of the notifiers provide the same classification to derive the critical property, the border of this critical property icon is displayed as dashed.

Impurities or additives: When a specific critical property is associated with compositions with impurities and/or additives, the respective critical property icon has a * associated.

More help available here.

  • Ss
Help Important to know

This section highlights four regulatory activities or outcomes under REACH – Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals – Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006:

  • Community rolling action plan - indicates if the substance is or was included in the Community rolling action plan (CoRAP). The CoRAP list includes substances that could pose a risk to human health or the environment and whose (potentially hazardous) properties are to be evaluated by the Member States in the next three years. After evaluation, proposals may be made for further regulatory action regarding the substance.
  • Candidate List - indicates if the substance is included in the candidate list of substances of very high concern (SVHCs). The Candidate List includes substances that are subject to additional protocols and reporting obligations and which may eventually be included in the Authorisation List, further limiting their use.
  • Authorisation list (Annex XIV to REACH) - indicates if the substance is included in the Authorisation list. These substances cannot be placed on the market or used after a given date, unless an authorisation is granted for their specific use, or the use is exempted from authorisation.
  • Restriction list (Annex XVII to REACH) - indicates if the substance is included in the Restriction List. The Restriction List describes the conditions for the manufacture, placing on the market or use of certain substances, either on their own or in mixtures or articles.

Please note: The identification of relevant regulatory activities and outcomes is done automatically and without manual verification. Substances may be grouped together under a specific regulatory activity for more efficient risk management and legislative processing (e.g. restriction on "Lead and its compounds"). In these cases, Infocards may not identify all substances in the group.Therefore it does not represent official and legally–binding information. To confirm if a substance is covered by a specific regulatory action the official publication, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union should be consulted.

More help available here.

Help How to use it safely

This section provides links to the list of precautions (precautionary statements) and to the guidance on safe use if they have been provided in REACH registration dossiers.

  • Precautionary statements - describe recommended measures to minimise or prevent adverse effects resulting from exposure to a hazardous product, or improper storage or handling of a hazardous product.
  • Guidance on safe use - recommendations by substance registrant on the proper use of the substance in various situations. Examples include recommended measures on fire-fighting, transport and recycling and disposal.

Please note: Precautionary measures and guidance on safe use concern the use and handling of the specific substance as such, not of the presence of the substance in other articles or mixtures. The precautionary measures and guidance on safe use are as submitted to ECHA by registrants under the REACH Regulation. Information on precautionary measures and the safe use is submitted by the registrant of a substance and the registrant is solely responsible for its accuracy and completeness.

More help available here.

about INFOCARD - Last updated: 16/05/2019 InfoCard

The InfoCard summarises the non-confidential data of a substance held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA). InfoCards are generated automatically based on the data available at the time of generation.

The quality and correctness of the information submitted to ECHA remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The type of uses and classifications may vary between different submissions to ECHA and for a full understanding it is recommended to consult the source data. Information on applicable regulatory frameworks is also automatically generated and may not be complete or up to date. It is the responsibility of the substance manufacturers and importers to consult official publications, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.

InfoCards are updated when new information is available. The date of the last update corresponds to the publication date of the InfoCard and not necessarily to the date in which the update occurred in the source data.

More help available here.

Help Help
Group parents

This substance has been identified as member of the following groups of substances:

Name EC / List no. CAS no. Association
Nickel and its compounds - - Expert judgement

Other names

Regulatory process names
  • Nickel
  • nickel powder
  • Nickel
  • [particle diameter < 1 mm]
Trade names
  • 2nd grade nickel briquettes, containing nickel powder
  • 3rd party Nickel nickel metal
  • actimet
  • Alcan 123
  • Alcan 756
  • Alloy No. 1 (M)
  • Alloy No. 1 L/C
  • Alloy No. 1 Plain
  • BCL Empress Nickel Cathode
  • BHP Billiton FerroNickel
  • BHP Billiton Nickel Briquettes
  • BHP Billiton Nickel Chips
  • BHP Billiton Nickel Powder
  • BHP Billiton Steel Making Briquettes
  • C.I. 77775
  • C.I. 77775 (INCI)
  • Carbonyl Nickel 287
  • Celmet
  • Chem Mag 3 CQ
  • Coarse discharge
  • Conc 1
  • Conductive Nickel Flake Type HCA-1
  • DAP Nickel Powder
  • DAP Nickel Pulver
  • DER
  • DNI 20
  • E 12
  • E 12 (metal)
  • Electrodag 440
  • Electrodag 442
  • Electrodag 550
  • Electrolytic nickel
  • Elektrodag 439
  • FeNi Granules
  • FeNi HiS Recovery
  • FeNi Minishots
  • FeNi Off-spec costrillas
  • FeNi Off-spec Unclean
  • Fenimag Plain
  • Ferro Nickel Alloy
  • Ferro nickel shot
  • FerroNickel
  • Ferronickel alloy
  • Fibrex
  • Fibrex (metal fiber)
  • Fibrex P
  • FM 1208
  • Fukuda 287
  • HCA 1
  • Hega Alloy Nickel
  • Hega Legierung Nickel
  • Impala Nickel Briquettes
  • Intermediate Nickel Containing Product
  • Katalysator BK 113
  • Katalysator BK 113 W
  • LME Deliverable Nickel Metal
  • Long Hsrbour plating rounds
  • Melting Base Nickel
  • N 1
  • Name in MSDS: Poudre Nickel Fer C I; Poudre Nickel Fer C II; Poudre Nickel Fer C I; Poudre Nickel Fer C II; Solide Nickel Fer BT C I; Solide Nickel Fer BT C II; Solide Nickel Fer BT C III; Solide Nickel Fer C I; Solide Nickel Fer C II; Solide Nickel Fer cylindrique C; Solide Nickel Fer plaque C
  • NDHT 90
  • Ni 0901S
  • Ni 4303T
  • Ni Briquettes
  • Ni Cathodes, H1Y or H1 or H2, full-plate
  • Ni Cathodes, H1Y or H1, cut
  • Ni Pellets
  • Ni-0104 P
  • Ni-Element
  • Ni-Metal and dust, fine particles
  • Ni-Metal powder
  • Nical
  • Nickel
  • Nickel - Solid material
  • Nickel 1x1
  • Nickel 4x4
  • Nickel 90x90
  • Nickel Alloy Scraps
  • Nickel Briquettes
  • Nickel Cathodes
  • Nickel chips
  • Nickel Crowns
  • Nickel Discs
  • Nickel element
  • Nickel Fine Leafing Grade Flake
  • Nickel Fine Leafing Grade Flake - Pigment Grade
  • Nickel Fine Water Grade Flake
  • Nickel Flake Type CHT
  • Nickel Flats
  • Nickel Granules
  • Nickel HP
  • Nickel jumbos
  • Nickel Lumpy
  • nickel metal
  • Nickel metal powder
  • Nickel Oxide Sinter
  • Nickel Pellets
  • Nickel Pellets DNK
  • Nickel Pellets DNK-0
  • Nickel Pellets DNK-1
  • Nickel plating
  • Nickel Powder
  • Nickel Powder L5
  • Nickel Powder L6
  • Nickel Powder L7
  • Nickel Powder L8
  • Nickel Powder S-10
  • Nickel Powder S-20
  • Nickel Powder S-27
  • Nickel Powder S-30
  • Nickel Powder UT1
  • Nickel Powder UT2
  • Nickel Powder UT3
  • Nickel Powder UT3-ICG
  • Nickel Powder UT3-PM
  • Nickel Powder UT4
  • Nickel powder, foil, mesh, pellets
  • Nickel Rounds
  • Nickel scrap
  • Nickel Sinter
  • Nickel stripes
  • Nickel ultrafine powder
  • Nickel West Briquettes
  • Nickel West Powder
  • Nickel West Steel Making Briquettes
  • Nickel, metal and dust, fine particles
  • Nickelmetall
  • Nickelpulver
  • Nikkel es Vegyületei (Ni-re szamitva)
  • Nikko 255
  • NKW Briquettes
  • NKW Powder
  • NKW Steel Making Briquettes
  • Norils Combine H-2
  • Norilsk Combine H-1
  • Norilsk Combine H-1Y
  • Norilsk Combine H-3
  • Norilsk Prime (K)
  • Norilsk Prime (N)
  • Norilsk Standard (K)
  • Norilsk Standard (N)
  • Novamet 4SP
  • Novamet Nickel Flake HCA 1; 99% Active Matter; active substance
  • NP 2
  • Nysel (Ni-3201 F)
  • Nysel CN-14 (Ni-3611 L)
  • Nysel HK-12 (Ni-5708 L)
  • Nysel HK-4 (Ni-3609 F)
  • Nysel SP-7 (Ni-5169F)
  • Plating Chips
  • Primary Nickel
  • Pure Nickel
  • R Rounds Electrolytic Nickel
  • Raney
  • Raney alloy
  • Raney nickel
  • Reaction Mass Containing Nickel Metal
  • Reduced Sinter
  • S Rounds Electrolytic Nickel
  • Second Grade Nickel Powder
  • See section 3.4 for tradenames on the mixture
  • Severonickel Combine H-1
  • Severonickel Combine H-1Y
  • Severonickel Combine H-2
  • Severonickel Combine H-3
  • Severonickel Combine H-4
  • SF 300
  • Slabs Electrolyic Nickel
  • Slabs electrolytic nickel
  • SLN 25
  • SS 24049
  • SS 24519
  • SS 24656
  • substance only available in mixtures
  • The substance is placed on the market as a part of the chemical matrix of an inorganic catalyst (i.e. regarded as a mixture according to "Guidance for Identification and Naming of Substance under REACH and CLP", Feb 2014). Therefore trade name for the substance does not exist
  • Tonimet 97 Granules
  • Tonimet Briquette
  • Tonimet Granules
  • Trimag
  • Trimag (metal)
  • Utility Nickel
IUPAC names
  • -
  • CAS 7440-02-0
  • DAP Nickel Powder
  • FerroNickel, FENI, NIFE
  • Impala Nickel Briquettes
  • Ni
  • Ni metal
  • niccol
  • nichel
  • Nickel (2+)
  • nickel (particle diameter > 1 mm)
  • nickel , Ni(0)
  • Nickel and FerroNickel
  • Nickel catalyst
  • Nickel Cathode
  • nickel dihydride
  • Nickel Flake HCA-1
  • nickel in alloy
  • Nickel in Alloys
  • Nickel in ferronickel
  • Nickel metal (in alloy)
  • Nickel Powder
  • Nickel powder bulk
  • Nickel powders
  • nickel(2+)
  • Nickel, metal
  • nickel-
  • Nickel_R_JS_dossier
  • nikl
  • Reaction mass of 7429-90-5 and 7440-50-8
  • Reaction mass of 7439-89-6 and 7440-47-3
  • Reaction mass of 7439-98-7 and 7440-48-4
  • Reaction mass of 7440-48-4 and 7723-14-0
  • Skeletal Nickel Catalyst slurry in Water [Active catalyst for Hydrogenation]
  • trade name Sherritt Nickel
  • [particle diameter < 1 mm]

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