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Toxicological information

Acute Toxicity: dermal

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
acute toxicity: dermal
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: GLP guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2006
Report Date:
2006

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 402 (Acute Dermal Toxicity)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method B.3 (Acute Toxicity (Dermal))
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EPA OPPTS 870.1200 (Acute Dermal Toxicity)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)
Test type:
standard acute method
Limit test:
yes

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent

Test animals

Species:
rat
Strain:
Wistar
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Harlan-Winkelmann GmbH, Borchen, Germany
- Strain: HsdCpb:Wu
- Age at study initiation: approx. 9-13 weeks
- Weight at study initiation: 221-246 g for males and 205-220 g for females
- Fasting period before study: none
- Housing: individually in polycarbonate cages on low dust wood granulate bedding
- Diet: ad libitum
- Water: ad libitum
- Acclimation period: at least 5 days

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 22 +/- 2
- Humidity (%): 55 +/- 5
- Air changes (per hr): approx. 10
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12 / 12

Administration / exposure

Type of coverage:
semiocclusive
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Details on dermal exposure:
TEST SITE
- Area of exposure: 20 cm2
- % coverage: approx. 10
- Type of wrap if used: gauze patch fixed with an elastic adhesive tape pervious to air

REMOVAL OF TEST SUBSTANCE
- Washing (if done): rinsed with tepid water using soap
- Time after start of exposure: approx. 24 hours


TEST MATERIAL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit): 22.1-24.6 mg/cm2 (males) and 20.5-22.0 mg/cm2 (females)



Duration of exposure:
24 hours
Doses:
2000 mg/kg bw
No. of animals per sex per dose:
5
Control animals:
no
Details on study design:
- Duration of observation period following administration: 14 days
- Frequency of observations and weighing: several times on the day of application as well as at least once daily during observation period (clinical signs, mortality); surviving animals were weighed individually at application, after one week and at the end of the 14-day observation period.
- Necropsy of survivors performed: yes
Statistics:
none (limit test)

Results and discussion

Effect levels
Sex:
male/female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
> 2 000 mg/kg bw
Mortality:
All male and female animals survived the treatment.
Clinical signs:
No clinical signs were observed.
Body weight:
Body weight development was not affected.
Gross pathology:
No gross pathological findings were observed.
Other findings:
none

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Executive summary:

The acute dermal toxicity of the test substance was low with an LD50 value > 2000 mg/kg bw for male and female rats according to OECD TG 402. Single semiocclusive administration of 2000 mg/kg bw for 24 hours was tolerated by both sexes without mortalities, clinical signs, toxicological effects on weight development and gross pathological findings.