Safety Data Sheets

Safety data sheets (SDS) are the main tool for ensuring that suppliers communicate enough information along the supply chain to allow safe use of their substances and mixtures.

Safety data sheets include information about the properties of the substance (or mixture), its hazards and instructions for handling, disposal and transport and also first-aid, fire-fighting and exposure control measures. This information can be found in the main body of the safety data sheet or in the annexed exposure scenarios (where applicable). The requirements for the compilation of the safety data sheets are specified in Annex II of REACH.

A supplier needs to provide a safety data sheet in the following cases:

  • A substance (and from 1 June 2015 a mixture) classified as hazardous according to CLP.
  • A mixture classified as dangerous according to the Dangerous Preparations Directive (until 1 June 2015).
  • A substance that is persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic (PBT) or very persistent and very bioaccumulative (vPvB), as defined in REACH (Annex XIII), or
  • A substance is included in the candidate list of substances of very high concern.

Under certain conditions, described in Article 31(3), some mixtures, which do not meet the criteria for classification as dangerous or hazardous, also require a safety data sheet.

Certain situations require the update and re-issue of the safety data sheet:

  • as soon as new hazard information or information that may affect the risk management measures becomes available
  • once an authorisation under REACH has been granted or refused
  • once a restriction under REACH has been imposed

When any of the above three situations apply, suppliers must provide updated safety data sheets to  all the former recipients to whom  they have supplied the substance or mixture to within the preceding 12 months, free of charge.

More information on what to do when you receive a safety data sheet is described on the page Communication with suppliers.

A safety data sheet checklist was developed in cooperation with the (Enforcement) Forum and is linked from this page, together with an associated spreadsheet for collating the results.