Companies have the responsibility of collecting information on the properties and the uses of substances that they manufacture or import at or above one tonne per year. They also have to make an assessment of the hazards and potential risks presented by the substance.
This information is communicated to ECHA through a registration dossier containing the hazard information and, where relevant, an assessment of the risks that the use of the substance may pose and how these risks should be controlled.
Registration applies to substances on their own, substances in mixtures and certain cases of substances in articles. Chemical substances that are already regulated by other legislations such as medicines, or radioactive substances are partially or completely exempted from REACH requirements.
Registration is based on the "one substance, one registration" principle. This means that manufacturers and importers of the same substance have the obligation to submit their registration jointly. The analytical and spectral information provided should be consistent and sufficient to confirm the substance identity.
For substance registration a fee is usually charged.